Venezuela History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 27th, 2021 in Country Information, South America Continent

Venezuela has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Venezuela and important events related to Venezuela history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Venezuela Country Profile

CurrencyVenezuelan bolívar (UYU)
ContinentSouth America
FounderSimon Bolivar

Venezuela History

Venezuela, the history of this beautiful country, began in the early 19th century, when Gran Colombia was ruled by Spanish. Simone Bolivar led the freedom struggle, and declared independence on July 5, 1811. Bolívar's army eventually moved to defeat the Spanish in 1821. Gran Colombia fell in 1830 and gave birth to the independent nations of Colombia, Panama, Ecuador and Venezuela.

Venezuela Geography

Venezuela is located north of South America on a geological, its mainland South American plate. It has a total area of ​​916,445 km2 and a land area of ​​882,050 km2, making Venezuela the 33rd largest country in the world. Venezuela is bounded by Colombia in the west, Guyana in the east, and Brazil in the south. Caribbean islands such as Trinidad and Tobago, Granada, Curacao, Aruba and the Leeward Antilles are located near the Venezuelan coast. Venezuela has territorial disputes with Guyana (formerly the United Kingdom), mainly related to the Essequibo region and the Gulf of Venezuela with Colombia.

Venezuela Economy

Venezuela's economy was one of the strongest economies in South America since the 1980s. A large part of the country's economy is based on oil. The petroleum sector dominates the economy, representing about one-third of GDP, about 80% of export earnings and more than half of government operating revenue. The country is the largest foreign supplier of oil to the United States. Despite high oil prices in late 2002 and 2003, domestic political instability led to a disastrous two-month national oil strike from December 2002 to February 2003, temporarily halting economic activity.

Venezuela Language

Bolivian Republic of Venezuela. (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela) Spanish is the official language, spoken with many indigenous dialects. Foreign languages such as English, French, German and Portuguese are also spoken by some communities in the country.

Venezuela Important Facts

  • Venezuela is officially called the Bolivian Republic of Venezuela, a country located on the continent of South America.
  • Venezuela is bordered by Guyana in the east, Brazil in the south and Colombia in the west.
  • Venezuela gained independence from Spain on 05 July 1811.
  • The total area of ​​Venezuela is 176,215 sq km. (68,037 square miles).
  • The official language of Venezuela is Spanish.
  • The currency of Venezuela is named Venezuelan Peso (UYU).
  • According to the World Bank, Venezuela had a total population of 34.4 million in 2016.
  • Due to its oil reserves, gas prices in Venezuela are among the cheapest in the world.
  • Venezuela has the world's largest known oil reserves and is one of the world's leading oil exporters.
  • Venezuelan women have won Miss Universe six times and Miss World title five times (as of 2017).
  • Joropo is the country's national dance, and is performed during national holidays and festivals.
  • Venezuela abolished the Slavery Act in 1854, many years earlier than many other countries.
  • The literacy rate of the country is more than 96%.
  • Angel Falls is the highest waterfall in the world, located in Venezuela. It is 3,000 feet long.
  • Venezuela was the first country in the world to abolish capital punishment. It was abolished in the year 1863.

Venezuela Important History Events

  • 05 July 1811 - Venezuela declared its independence from the Spanish Empire.
  • 26 March 1812 - A massive earthquake in Venezuela's largest city of Caracas destroyed 90 percent of the city and killed about 20,000 people.
  • 27 April 1870 - Antonio Guzman Blanco began his first term as President of Venezuela.
  • 08 August 1887 - Antonio Gazman Blanco Venezuela completed his term as President of France.
  • 01 june 1929 - The 1st Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America was held in Buenos Aires. The First Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America was in Buenos Aires, Argentina, June 1–12, 1929. 38 delegates, representing Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Cuba, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela, took part in the meeting. The only established communist party in the region that did not participate was the Communist Party of Chile, which at time suffered a period of harsh repression under the Ibáñez government.
  • 16 May 1929 - 16,000 people died in Venezuela and Colombia by earthquakes.
  • 27 february 1989 - A wave of protests, riots and looting known as the Caracazoresulted in a death toll of anywhere between 275 and 3,000 people in theVenezuelan capital Caracas and its surrounding towns.
  • 26 february 1998 - Venezuela – Pacific Ocean saw a full Solar eclipse (4m09).
  • 06 December 1998 - Hugo Chavez was elected President of Venezuela.
  • 14 december 1999 - Torrential rains caused flash floods in Vargas, Venezuela,resulting in tens of thousands of deaths, the destruction of thousandsof homes, and the complete collapse of the state's infrastructure.

Populated Cities of Venezuela

San Carlos del Zulia, Valle de la Pascua, San Juan De Los Morros, San Carlos, San Felipe, Ciudad Guayana, Machiques, Barcelona, Puerto la Cruz, Upata, Puerto Ayacucho, Tucupita, Trujillo, Cabimas, San Cristobal, Zaraza, Maturin, Altagracia de Orituco, La Asuncion, Merida, Ciudad Bolivar, Santa Rita, Cumana, Maiquetia, Guasdualito, Los Teques, Caracas, Barinas, Acarigua, El Dorado, Punto Fijo, El Manteco, Maracaibo, El Tigre, Porlamar, Coro, Valera, Valencia, Puerto Cabello, Ocumare del Tuy, Guanare, Chaguaramas, La Esmeralda, Carora, Carupano, San Fernando de Apure, Anaco, Calabozo, Barquisimeto, Maracay, La Guaira,

15 Neighbour countries of Venezuela

Barbados [M] , Brazil [L] , Colombia [LM] , Dominica [M] , Dominican Republic [M] , France [M] , Grenada [M] , Guyana [LM] , Netherlands [M] , Saint Kitts and Nevis [M] , Saint Lucia [M] , Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [M] , Trinidad and Tobago [M] , United Kingdom [M] , United States of America [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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