Uruguay History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 27th, 2021 in Country Information, South America Continent

Uruguay has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Uruguay and important events related to Uruguay history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Uruguay Country Profile

CountryUruguay
CapitalMontevideo
CurrencyPeso Uruguayo (UYU)
ContinentSouth America
FounderJosé Gervasio Artigas

Uruguay History

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the area was inhabited by Charuas, an indigenous tribe, but today they number more than a thousand mixed descendants. During the 17th century, there was a fight between the Spanish and Portuguese over the region, which was expanding near Brazil. In the early 19th century, Uruguay became a battlefield between the British and the Portuguese who wanted to dominate each other. In the second half of the 19th century, there was an influx of immigrants into the country, leading to rapid development of the country. By the early 20th century, the country's population had grown to one million. In 1930, Uruguay became the venue of the first football World Cup and defeated Argentina to become the winner. Uruguay won their second FIFA World Cup after defeating Brazil in 1950, the incident is remembered as Maracazo.

Uruguay Geography

Uruguay is a country located in the southeastern part of South America. Its total area is 176, 214 km2. Out of the nearly 3.5 million population living in the country, 11 lakh people live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area. 88–94% of the country's population are European or mixed people. The land border of Uruguay meets Brazil only, the Rio Grand do Sul in the north. To its west lies the Uruguay River, to the southwest the estuary of Rio de la Plata and to the southeast is the South Ocean. Uruguay is the second smallest country in South America after Suriname.

Uruguay Economy

Agriculture in Uruguay accounts for 9.3% of the GDP and is associated with 13% of the population. This includes cattle rearing; Including beef, milk and dairy products and wool accounted for more than a third of its exports in 2006. It also produces and exports rice to other countries. According to Faostet, Uruguay ranks among the world's largest producers of soybeans (9th), greasy wool (12th), horse meat (14th), bees (14th), and quince (a fruit that looks like a pear) (17th). Is one. Most farming is family-managed (39,120 to 25,500); Beef and wool are the main sources for major activities and 65% of income, followed by vegetable cultivation at 12%, milk at 11%, hog at 2% and poultry at 2%. Beef is the country's main export item, exceeding US $ 1 billion in 2006.

Uruguay Language

The Uruguay Spanish, as with neighboring Argentina, employ both Vosse and Yosmo. English is common in the world of business and its study has increased considerably in recent years, especially among the youth. Uruguayan Portuguese is spoken as a native language between 3% to 15% of Uruguay's population in the northern regions near the Brazilian border, making it the second most spoken language in the country.

Uruguay Important Facts

  • Uruguay is officially called the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, a country located in the southeastern part of the continent of South America.
  • Uruguay is bordered by Argentina to the west, Brazil to the north, the mouth of the Rio de la Plata (silver river) to the southwest, and the South Ocean to the south-east.
  • Uruguay gained independence from the Kingdom of Brazil on 25 August 1825.
  • The oldest European colony in Uruguay, the Colonia del Scarmento, was founded in 1680 by Portugal.
  • The total area of ​​Uruguay is 176,215 sq km. (68,037 square miles).
  • Uruguay is the second smallest country in South America after Suriname.
  • There are a total of ten national parks in Uruguay: five in the wetland areas of the east, three in the central mountainous country and one in the west with Rio Uruguay.
  • The official language of Uruguay is Spanish.
  • The currency of Uruguay is named Uruguayan Peso (UYU).
  • According to the World Bank, Uruguay had a total population of 34.4 lakhs in 2016.
  • Uruguay is a representative democratic republic with a presidential system.
  • Uruguay was ranked 18th in the World Corruption Perception Index compiled by Transparency International.
  • Uruguay is part of the One Laptop Per Child project and in 2009 became the first country in the world to provide a laptop to every elementary school students.
  • Uruguay became the 20th country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage in 2013.
  • The first FIFA World Cup was held in Uruguay in 1930. Uruguay won the FIFA World Cup the same year by defeating Argentina 4–2.

Uruguay Important History Events

  • 27 june 1806 - British forces took Buenos Aires during the first British invasions of the River Plate. The British invasions of the River Plate were a series of unsuccessful British attempts to seize control of the Spanish colonies located around the La Plata Basin in South America (today part of Argentina and Uruguay). The invasions took place between 1806 and 1807, as part of the Napoleonic Wars, when Spain was an ally of France.
  • 03 february 1807 - Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom captured Montevideo, now the capital of Uruguay, from the Spanish Empire.
  • 25 august 1825 - The Thirty-Three Orientals, a revolutionary group led by JuanAntonio Lavalleja, declared Uruguayan independence from the Empire ofBrazil.
  • 18 July 1825 - Uruguay separated from Brazil.
  • 20 February 1827 - At the Battle of Itujingo, Peso do Rosario) a contingent of the Brazilian Imperial Army participated in the battle with Argentine-Uruguayan troops.
  • 03 february 1852 - The Argentine Confederation were defeated in the Palestine War byan alliance consisting of the Empire of Brazil, Uruguay and the Argentine province of Entre Ríos and Corrientes.
  • 10 august 1864 - After Uruguay's governing Blanco Party refused Brazil's demands, José Antônio Saraiva announced that the Brazilian military would begin reprisals, beginning the Uruguayan War.
  • 01 may 1865 - Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina signed a treaty creating analliance against Paraguay in the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 28 september 1891 - Railway workers in Montevideo founded the Central UruguayRailway Cricket Club, which later changed its name to Peñarol, nowUruguay's most successful football club.
  • 28 October 1904 - Panama and Uruguay established diplomatic relations.

Populated Cities of Uruguay

Paysandu, Castillos, Tranqueras, Lascano, Melo, Maldonado, Tacuarembo, Mercedes, Artigas, Minas, Vergara, San Jose de Mayo, Durazno, La Paloma, Florida, Treinta y Tres, Aigua, Rocha, Baltasar Brum, Jose Batlle y Ordonez, Fray Bentos, Bella Union, Colonia del Sacramento, Trinidad, Rivera, Canelones, Carmelo, Santa Lucia, Punta del Este, Montevideo, Paso de los Toros, Salto, Trinidad,

2 Neighbour countries of Uruguay

Argentina [LM] , Brazil [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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