Bolivia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, South America Continent

Bolivia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Bolivia and important events related to Bolivia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Bolivia Country Profile

CapitalLa Paz and Sucre
ContinentSouth America
FounderSimon Bolivar

Bolivia History

Bolivia was part of the ancient Inca Empire. In 1524, the Spanish conquest began and by the year 1533 it was complete. It was then called "Upper Peru" and was under the authority of the Viceroy of Lima. Bolivian silver was an important source of revenue for the Spanish Empire in the late 16th century. The country gained its independence in 1825 and was named after the famous liberator Simon Bolivar. Bolivia has lost many parts of its territory to three neighboring countries in internal conflict.

Bolivia Geography

Bolivia is located in the central region of South America. With an area of ​​1,098,581 square kilometers, Bolivia is the 28th largest country in the world, and the fifth largest in South America. The geographical center of the country is the so-called Puerto Estrella "Star Port" on the Rio Grande, in the Uffalo de Chavez province of the Department of Santa Cruz. The geography of the country exhibits a large diversity in terrain and climate. Bolivia has a high level of biodiversity, as well as being considered one of the most prosperous in the world, as well as numerous enclaves with ecological sub-units such as Altiplano, tropical rainforests (including the Amazon rainforest), arid valleys and Chiquitania.

Bolivia Economy

Bolivia's estimated 2018 gross domestic product (GDP) was $ 40.73 billion at the official exchange rate and $ 88.86 billion at purchasing power parity. Economic growth was estimated at around 5.2%, and inflation was estimated at around 6.9%. Despite having large reserves of tin, silver, and other mines and natural gas and crude oil in Bolivia, it is one of the poorest nations in Latin America.

Bolivia Language

The country's Spanish is the official and dominant language, although 36 indigenous languages also hold official status, the most spoken of which being the Guarani, Aymara and Quechua languages.

Bolivia Important Facts

  • Bolivia, officially called the multinational state of Bolivia, is a country located on the continent of South America.
  • Bolivia is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay to the southeast, Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the northwest.
  • During the 18th century, Bolivia was known as Upper Peru.
  • Bolivia gained independence from Spain on 06 August 1825.
  • The total area of ​​Bolivia is 1,09 8,581 sq km. (424,164 sq mi).
  • Bolivia is the 5th largest country in South America and the 27th largest in the world.
  • There are 37 official languages ​​in Bolivia! The main languages ​​are Spanish, Quechua, Aymara and Guarani with an additional 33 recognized languages.
  • Bolivia's currency is named Boliviano.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Bolivia in 2016 was 1.09 million.
  • The world's largest butterfly sanctuary is located in Bolivia, which spans 24 hectares. The city is located 20 minutes from Santa Cruz and is open 365 days a year.
  • Bolivia has the world's largest salt flat, covering an area of ​​10,582 square kilometers (4,086 square miles) and 3,656 meters above sea level.
  • The Camino de las Yungas road is known as the most dangerous road in the world. There are about 200 to 300 deaths each year on this 35-mile-long road.
  • Lake Titicaca which crosses the border between Peru and Bolivia is the highest navigable lake in the world. It is 3,812 m (12,507 ft) above sea level and is the largest lake in South America by volume.
  • In 2008, Bolivia was declared free from illiteracy following UNESCO standards.
  • According to the World Factbook based on the facts of 2013, Bolivia was ranked 161 with a life expectancy at the age of 68.2 years.

Bolivia Important History Events

  • 06 August 1825 - Bolivia gained independence from Peru.
  • 11 November 1836 - Chile declared war on Bolivia and Peru.
  • 23 march 1879 - Fighting in the War of the Pacific between Chile and a Peruvian–Bolivian alliance opened with the Battle of Topáter.
  • 14 August 1904 - Ismail Montes became President of Bolivia South America.
  • 19 January 1910 - The commercial and friendly agreement between Germany and Bolivia ended.
  • 01 june 1929 - The 1st Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America was held in Buenos Aires. The First Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America was in Buenos Aires, Argentina, June 1–12, 1929. 38 delegates, representing Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Cuba, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela, took part in the meeting. The only established communist party in the region that did not participate was the Communist Party of Chile, which at time suffered a period of harsh repression under the Ibáñez government.
  • 10 may 1933 - On May 10, 1933 Paraguay declared war on Bolivia. This conflict is also known as Chaco war between the two countries to take control over northern part of Gran Chaco of South America, assumed to be rich in oil.
  • 08 october 1967 - Marxist revolutionary and guerrilla leader Che Guevara wascaptured near La Higuera, Bolivia.
  • 13 october 1976 - A chartered Boeing 707 crashed into a busy street in Santa Cruz, a city in Bolivia, crashing into buildings and people leaving more than 100 dead.
  • 14 october 1976 - A chartered Boeing 707 crashed into a busy street in Santa Cruz, a city in Bolivia, crashing into buildings and people leaving more than 100 dead.

Populated Cities of Bolivia

Cuevo, San Jose, Challapata, Montero, Achacachi, Trinidad, Vallegrande, Aiquile, Riberalta, Reyes, Piso Firme, San Ramon, San Carlos, San Matias, Sabaya, Llica, Betanzos, Uncia, Camargo, Cobija, San Javier, Apolo, Quime, Villazon, Bermejo, Guayaramerin, Viacha, Magdalena, Charagua, San Lorenzo, Samaipata, Padilla, Tupiza, Llallagua, Camiri, Entre Rios, Punata, San Ignacio, Oruro, Tarabuco, Baures, Coroico, Santa Ana, Quillacollo, Sucre, Puerto Suarez, Sorata, Santa Cruz, Charana, San Borja, Coro Coro, Villamontes, Potosi, Puerto Villarroel, Tarija, La Paz, Cliza, Ascension, Uyuni, San Rafael, Rurrenabaque, Portachuelo, Puerto Acosta, Puerto Quijarro, Sica Sica, Robore, Cochabamba, Villa Martin, Puerto Heath, Santa Cruz de la Sierra,

5 Neighbour countries of Bolivia

Argentina [L] , Brazil [L] , Chile [L] , Paraguay [L] , Peru [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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