Colombia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, South America Continent

Colombia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Colombia and important events related to Colombia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Colombia Country Profile

CountryColombia
CapitalBogota
CurrencyColombian peso
ContinentSouth America
FounderSimon Bolivar

Colombia History

The name Colombia is derived from the last name of the investigator Christopher Columbus. In 10,000 BC communities of hunters inhabited modern Bogota. At the beginning of the first millennium BCE, groups of American Aborigines formed the so-called "Kasikagos". Which was a political system In the late 1490s, Spain began exploring the Caribbean and the Pacific Ocean. Its first permanent colony was established in 1525 as Santa Marta. Colombia became one of Spain's main administrative centers in the Western Hemisphere. After a long battle for sovereignty, the country was declared independent on 20 July 1810 under the leadership of Simon Bolivar and Francisco de Paula Santander.

Colombia Geography

The geologic features of Colombia can be seen in its six main natural areas, including the Andes mountain range shared with Ecuador and Venezuela; Includes the Pacific coastline shared with Panama and Ecuador. Colombia is bounded on the northwest by Panama; On the east by Venezuela and Brazil; It has established its maritime borders on the Caribbean Sea with seven agreements for maritime borders with Ecuador and Peru to the south and three on the Pacific Ocean with three agreements to the south.

Colombia Economy

Colombia's economy is defined as open commercialization. At the end of 2005, Colombia's total gross domestic product, based on purchasing-power parity (PPP), was about $ 337 billion, making it the 29th-largest economy in the world. Inflation was below 6% from 2004 to 2006. The services sector is the main contributor to Colombia's economy, accounting for about 53% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP), followed by the industry sector and agriculture at 35% and 12% respectively. Bloomberg Businessweek magazine addressed Columbia in May 2007 as the hottest emerging market on Earth. The then Colombian President, Alvaro Uribe, has initiated various economic reforms, including policies and strategies to reduce the public sector deficit to 2.5% of the country's GDP. In 2003, Colombia's GDP growth was the highest in the Latin American region, rising to 6.9% in 2007.

Colombia Language

Spanish is the official language of Colombia. Also there are many regional dialects which include Andean or Pastuso, Caribbean or Coastal, Paisa, Rollo and Valley etc. The most popular sport in the country is football (soccer), while baseball has started to become a popular sport over the years. Bull warfare is a traditional game.

Colombia Important Facts

  • Colombia, officially called the State of Colombia, is a country located northwest of the continent of South America.
  • Colombia borders Venezuela and Brazil to the east, Ecuador and Peru to the south, the Caribbean Sea to the north, Panama to the northwest, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
  • Colombia gained independence from Spain on 20 July 1810.
  • Colombia is the oldest democracy in South America.
  • The government of Colombia is a democratic constitutional republic. Here the President is elected by the people.
  • The total area of ​​Colombia is 1,141,748 sq km. (440,831 sq mi).
  • The official language of Colombia is Spanish.
  • The currency of Colombia is the peso.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Colombia in 2016 was 4.87 crore.
  • Colombia is the only country in South America to have coastlines on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
  • Colombia is considered one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, with more than 300 different ecosystems.
  • Colombia has a total of 58 national parks, covering about 11% of the country.
  • The highest point in Colombia is the Pico Cristóbal Colón of the Andes, which is 18,700 feet long.
  • Colombia was voted the happiest country in the world in 2013 and 2014.
  • Colombia's national sport is Tejo.

Colombia Important History Events

  • 17 June 1773 - Cucaca, Colombia was founded by Juana Rangel de Cuellar.
  • 17 december 1819 - The Republic of Gran Colombia in South America was established, with Simón Bolívar as its first president.
  • 28 November 1821 - Panama declares independence from Spain, Gran joins Colombia.
  • 03 June 1828 - In the Gran Colombia-Peru War, President Simon Bolivar declared war on Peru.
  • 13 May 1830 - Ecuador was separated from Gran Colombia.
  • 16 April 1862 - Slavery was abolished in the districts of Colombia.
  • 04 August 1886 - Colombia passed the country's constitution to this day.
  • 03 November 1903 - Panama gained independence from Colombia.
  • 05 January 1909 - Colombia accepted the independence of Panama.
  • 15 July 1910 - Carlos Eugenio Restrepo was elected President of Colombia.

Populated Cities of Colombia

Quibdo, Inirida, Cartagena, Tumaco, Ocana, Bogota, Cucuta, Soledad, Arauca, Sabanalarga, Yopal, El Carmen de Bolivar, Leticia, Mitu, San Andres, Pereira, Garzon, El Banco, Chiquinquira, Pamplona, Lorica, Bello, Turbo, Arjona, Santa Marta, Ibague, Pasto, Manizales, Villavicencio, Honda, Yarumal, Neiva, Puerto Berrio, Tuquerres, Medellin, Armenia, Valledupar, Tame, Orocue, Monteria, Nuqui, Tolu, Sincelejo, Popayan, Buenaventura, Socorro, Ayapel, Jurado, Campoalegre, Cali, San Jose del Guaviare, Mocoa, Barrancabermeja, Sonson, Barranquilla, Puerto Lopez, Tulua, San Martin, Tunja, San Vicente del Caguan, Guapi, Cartago, Riohacha, Cienaga, Florencia, Girardot, Sogamoso, Ipiales, Puerto Carreno, Duitama, Bucaramanga, Magangue,

10 Neighbour countries of Colombia

Brazil [L] , Costa Rica [M] , Dominican Republic [M] , Ecuador [LM] , Haiti [M] , Jamaica [M] , Nicaragua [M] , Panama [LM] , Peru [L] , Venezuela [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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