Chile History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, South America Continent

Chile has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Chile and important events related to Chile history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Chile Country Profile

CountryChile
CapitalSantiago
CurrencyChilean peso
ContinentSouth America
FounderBernardo O'Higgins

Chile History

The history of humans is divided into 12 parts in Chile's regional history history. Spain conquered the region in the mid-16th century and established its colony here, but the Spaniards failed to conquer the independent Mapuche, which was settled in the southern part of Chile. Chile also became a relatively stable authoritarian republic in the 1830s, when it declared independence from Spain in 1818. In the 19th century, Chile focused on significant economic and regional development. The Mapuche resistance ended in the 1880s and, after defeating Peru and Bolivia, gained its present northern territory in the War of the Pacific (1879–83).

In the 1960s and 1970s, the country experienced severe leftist political polarization and upheaval. This development culminated with the 1973 coup in Chile that overthrew the democratically elected leftist government of Salvador Allende and established Augusto Pinochet's 16-year-old military dictatorial regime.

Chile Geography

A long and narrow coastal southern cone country west of the Andes Mountains, Chile stretches over 4,300 km from north to south, but is limited to only 350 km at its widest point from east to west. It has a remarkable diversity of climate and landscape. It covers a land area of 756,950 square kilometers. Chile's diverse climate ranges from the world's driest deserts in the north- to the Atacama Desert, through the Mediterranean climate in the middle, the humid subtropics in Easter Island, to a marine climate, to the east and south of the many animals including the alpine tundra and glaciers. Species are also included. According to the Köppen system, Chile contains at least ten major climate subtypes. While most of the country has four seasons: summer (December to February), autumn (March to May), winter (June to August), and spring (September to November).

Chile Economy

The Central Bank of Chile in Santiago serves as the central bank for the country. The Chilean currency is the Chilean Peso (CLP). Chile is one of the most stable and prosperous nations of South America, one of the leading Latin American nations in human development, competition, per capita income, globalization, economic freedom and low perception of corruption. Since July 2013, Chile has been considered by the World Bank as a "high-income economy".

Chile Language

Spanish spoken in Chile is uniquely accented and there are several indigenous languages spoken in Hachili, in contrast to neighboring South American countries: Mpudungun, Quechua, Aiyara and Rapa Nui. After the Spanish invasion, Spanish took over as the lingua franca and the indigenous language has become a minority language, some extinct or near extinction.

Chile Important Facts

  • Chile is officially called the State of Chile. It is a sovereign country located in the west of Asia.
  • Chile borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the north-east, Argentina to the east, and Drake Passage to the south.
  • Chile gained independence from Spain on 18 September 1810.
  • The total area of ​​Chile is 756, 096.3 sq km. (291,930.4 sq mi).
  • The official language of Chile is Spanish.
  • The currency of Chile is named Peso.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Chile in 2016 was 1.79 crore.
  • The highest mountain in Chile is Khashm Ghuḑayy, whose height is 110 meters.
  • Divorce was legalized in the country only in 2005 and Chile is one of the countries with the lowest divorce rates globally.
  • In Chile, husbands and wives have different last names because after marriage women here keep their former names.
  • Atacama Desert of Chile is the driest desert in the world. Not a single drop of rain has been seen in parts of Atacama since recordcasting began.
  • Lake Lago Llanquihue in Chile is the second largest lake in South America after Peru's Lake Titicaca.
  • Chile began exporting salmon in 1984 and is now the world's second largest exporter of salmon after Norway.
  • The Chilean Andes has more than 2,000 active volcanoes. The largest volcano Llullaillaco is 22,104 feet.
  • Parque Nacional Vicente Perez Rosales, founded in 1926, is the oldest national park in Chile.

Chile Important History Events

  • 27 September 1290 - The earthquake in the Gulf of Chile, China, killed about one million people.
  • 12 february 1541 - Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia founded Santiago, today the capital of Chile, as Santiago del Nuevo Extremo.
  • 30 april 1557 - Arauco War-Spanish forces of the Governor Francisco de Villagra launched a dawn surprise attack against the Mapuche headed by their toqui Lautaro in what is now Chile.
  • 13 May 1643 - An earthquake in Chile killed one-third of the total population.
  • 07 March 1723 - The Revolt of Maupré 1723 began in Chile.
  • 18 September 1810 - Chile declared independence from Spain.
  • 17 November 1811 - Chile's founding father Jose Miguel Carrera was sworn in as president of the executive junta of the Chilean government.
  • 13 February 1812 - The first Chilean newspaper Aurora de Chile stood to deal with political philosophy and in favor of the new national government.
  • 12 February 1817 - The Argentine / Chilean Patriotic Army defeated the Spanish Army at the Battle of Chacabuco.
  • 12 february 1818 - On the first anniversary of its victory in the Battle of Chacabuco, Chile formally declared its independence from Spain.

Populated Cities of Chile

Coronel, Concepcion, Valparaiso, Linares, Puerto Aisen, Quillota, Ovalle, Quellon, Quirihue, San Fernando, San Felipe, Santiago, Los Andes, Combarbala, Vina del Mar, Lota, Coihaique, Vallenar, Angol, Cochrane, Chonchi, Constitucion, Toconao, Rio Verde, Santa Barbara, Villarica, Cauquenes, Antofagasta, Curanilahue, Castro, Talcahuano, Ancud, La Ligua, Temuco, Illapel, La Union, Huasco, Puerto Williams, Villa O'Higgins, Puerto Varas, San Bernardo, Victoria, Tocopilla, Maria Elena, Rancagua, Tolten, Iquique, Lebu, Mejillones, Salamanca, Puerto Natales, Cuya, Talca, Nueva Imperial, Arica, Diego de Almagro, Puerto Montt, Collipulli, Coquimbo, Valdivia, Loncoche, Rio Bueno, La Serena, Osorno, Chillan, Los Angeles, Calama, Chanaral, Vicuna, Copiapo, Tierra Amarilla, Los Lagos, Calbuco, Chuquicamata, Carahue, Punta Arenas, Pichilemu, Curico, Pozo Almonte, San Antonio, Caldera, Lonquimay, Taltal, Lagunas,

3 Neighbour countries of Chile

Argentina [L] , Bolivia [L] , Peru [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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