Gambia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Gambia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Gambia and important events related to Gambia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Gambia Country Profile

CurrencyGambian dalasi
GroupAfrican Union
FormationFebruary 18, 1965

Gambia History

The present-day Gambia was once part of the Ghana Empire and the Songhai Empire. The first written documents of this region were written by Arab traders in the ninth and tenth centuries. Arab traders had established the Trans-Sahara trade route to trade slaves, gold and elephants in the region. In the fifteenth century, Portugal established maritime trade routes. The Gambia at that time was part of the Mali Empire. The Gambia was a colony of the United Kingdom and gained independence on 18 February 1965. On 24 April 1970, the country became a republic.

Gambia Geography

The Gambia (officially the Islamic Republic of Gambia) is a country located in West Africa. The Gambia is the smallest country on the African mainland, with its northern, eastern and southern borders meeting Senegal, a small coastal area bordering the West Ocean. The country derives its name from the Gambia River, which has its boundary through its flow. The river passes through the middle of the country and joins it in the dark ocean. With an area of ​​about 10,500 sq km, the estimated population of this country is 17,00,000. The Gambia is a very small and narrow country whose borders are reflective of the eroding Gambia River. Even at the widest place, the country is less than 48 km wide and the total area of ​​the country is 11,300 km square. About 13,00 sq km or 11% of the Gambia is waterlogged. The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal and has an entire 740 km border with Senegal. It is the smallest country on the African continent.

Gambia Economy

The Gambia is a liberal, market-based economy in which the country's agricultural sector contributes greatly. The agriculture sector contributes 30% to the country's economy and 70% percent of the country's population is engaged in agriculture. The country's GDP contributes 6.9% of peanut production, 8.3% of other crops, 5.3% of cattle, 1.8% of fisheries and 0.5% of forestry. Industry accounts for 8% of the economy and employs 58% percent of the sector. The limited manufacturing sector of the country is mainly agro-based like peanut processing, nanbai (bakery), liquor workshop (bruri) and tanning plant etc.

Gambia Language

English is the official language of the Gambia due to British colonialism. Additionally, here are many other languages spoken by the natives here are: Aku, Kanjin Languages, puffed, Karon, Wolof and so on.

Gambia Important Facts

  • The Gambia is located in the western of Africa, officially called the Islamic Republic of Gambia.
  • The Gambia derives its name from the Gambia River, which borders northern, eastern and southern, and meets Senegal and bounds the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
  • The Gambia was colonized by Europeans on 25 May 1765, after which Britain was granted independence by Gambia on 18 February 1965 and joined the Gambia Commonwealth.
  • The Gambia was colonized for the slave trade, ruled first by the Portuguese and later by the British.
  • The total area of ​​the Gambia is 10,380 square kilometers. (4,007 square miles).
  • The official language of the Gambia is English but other languages ​​such as Phula, Karon, Wolof and Aku, Canzin are spoken by the natives.
  • According to the World Bank, Gambia had a total population of 20.4 million in 2016.
  • The main religion of the Gambia is Islam 90% percent of the population is a follower of the religion of Islam which is of Sunni sect and the rest are Christianity.
  • The currency of the Gambia currency is Dalasi.
  • The Gambia economy is a moderate, market-based economy in which the agricultural sector contributes greatly.
  • The climate of Gambia is tropical, with the season lasting from June to November, and also during the rainy season. From November to May, the temperature drops but the climate is dry.
  • The Gambia's national sport is football.
  • The national flower of Gambia is white variety.
  • The national animal of the Gambia is spotted hyena.
  • The Gambia flag was officially adopted on February 18, 1965, with the red color symbolizing the savanna grasslands, the blue color of the Gambia River and the green symbolizing the forests.

Gambia Important History Events

  • 10 october 1913 - The Panama Canal formally linked the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean when the Gambia dike was destroyed with charges of dynamite.
  • 18 February 1965 - The country of Gambia gained independence from Britain and today was declared the national day of this country.
  • 18 February 1965 - Great Britain granted independence to Gambia city
  • 25 september 2004 - West Africa including Chad, Mali, Gambia, Niger and Mauritania are suffering the worst Plague of Locusts in 40 years. The locusts are clearing hundreds of thousands of acres of the meagre crops these countries can produce. Due to the vast numbers of swarms are so high pesticide control is unable to keep up.

Populated Cities of Gambia

Bansang, Banjul, Georgetown, Kerewan, Brikama, Mansa Konko, Basse Santa Su, Kanifing,

2 Neighbour countries of Gambia

Cape Verde [M] , Senegal [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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