Cameroon History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Cameroon has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Cameroon and important events related to Cameroon history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Cameroon Country Profile

CountryCameroon
CapitalYaounde
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationJanuary 1, 1960

Cameroon History

The history of the country of Cameroon is very interesting and connected to the world war. Cameroon became an independent republic on January 1, 1960, and gained membership of the United Nations on September 20, 1960. Before World War I, most of the country was under a German colony, at that time it was known as Cameroon.

Cameroon Geography

At 475,442 square kilometers (183,569 sq mi), Cameroon is the 53rd largest country in the world. It is slightly larger than the nation of Sweden and the state of California; Cameroon is comparable in size to Papua New Guinea. The country is located in Central and West Africa, known as the Kaj of Africa, which is part of the Gulf of Boni, the Gulf of Guinea and part of the Atlantic Ocean. Cameron controls the ocean 12 miles of the Atlantic Ocean

Cameroon Economy

Cameroon's per capita gross domestic product (purchasing power parity) was estimated as US $ 3,700 in 2017. Major export markets include the Netherlands, France, China, Belgium, Italy, Algeria and Malaysia. During the period 2004–2008, public debt decreased from 60% to 10% of GDP and official reserves exceeded US $ 4 billion with the Cameroon Bank of Central African States (of which it is the major economy), the border of Central Africa Is a part of the Charge and Economic Association (UDEAC) and the Organization for the Harmonization of Trade Law (OHADA) in Africa. Its currency is CFA Franc.

Cameroon Language

English and French are both official languages, although French is by far the most understood language (over 80%). German, the language of the original colonists, has long been displaced by French and English. The Cameroonian pidgin is the lingua franca in the pre-English territories. Since the mid-1970s a mixture of English, French, and Pidgins called camphangrolis has been gaining popularity in urban centers.

Cameroon Important Facts

  • Cameroon is a country located in Central and West Africa, bordered by the Central African Republic to the east, Nigeria to the west, Chad to the north-east, and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Congo to the south.
  • Due to the culture, geographical location and natural features of Cameroon, it is called Africa in Minicher (small Africa).
  • Cameroon gained independence from France on 1 January 1960 and the United Kingdom (UK) on 1 October 1961.
  • Cameroon was officially named the United Republic in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984.
  • The total area of ​​Cameroon is 475,442 sq km. (183,568 sq mi).
  • Cameroon has a total population of 17,795,000 according to the 2005 census.
  • The official languages ​​of Cameroon are French and English.
  • Cameroon's currency is named Central African CFA Franc.
  • Mount Cameroon is the highest mountain, with an elevation of 13,500 feet. It is also the only active volcano in the country, which last erupted in 2012.
  • The longest river of Cameroon is the Sanaga River. However, it is not navigable. Other important rivers are Benue and Nyong.
  • Cameroon is the first African country to enter the quarter-finals of the FIFA World Cup in the year 1990.
  • Cameroon is famous for its main crop of coffee, cotton, banana, oilseeds and cocoa.
  • The legal age of marriage for girls in Cameroon is 15, while for boys it is 18 years.
  • Cameroon is inhabited by more than 200 tribes and linguistic groups.

Cameroon Important History Events

  • 19 May 1885 - The German Chancellor Bispark captured the African countries of Cameroon and Tongoland.
  • 01 June 1961 - The northern part of the British Cameroon Trust Territory was incorporated into the Union of Nigeria according to a referendum.
  • 21 august 1986 - Fatal gas from the volcanic Lake Nyos in Cameroon, West Africa destroyed every living thing within a 15-mile radius, including 1,500 people. The gas was so harmful because it contained high levels of carbon dioxide, hydrogen and sulphur.
  • 21 august 1986 - A limnic eruption of a cloud of carbon dioxide from Lake Nyosin Cameroon killed up to 1,700 people and 3,500 livestock in nearbyvillages.
  • 21 August 1986 - 2000 killed by poisonous gases from the volcano eruption in Cameroon.
  • 13 June 2006 - Nigeria and Cameroon compromise on border dispute.
  • 12 January 2015 - 143 militants of the terrorist organization Boko Haram were killed in an encounter with security forces in Cameroon.

Populated Cities of Cameroon

Bafang, Foumban, Buea, Ebolowa, Guider, Mbalmayo, Kontcha, Meiganga, Bafia, Wum, Eyumojok, Kribi, Bamenda, Batouri, Garoua, Mbe, Tibati, Maroua, Bafoussam, Ngaoundere, Belabo, Eseka, Bertoua, Limbe, Edea, Douala, Yaounde, Abong Mbang, Kumba, Kumbo, Nkongsamba,

6 Neighbour countries of Cameroon

Central African Republic [L] , Chad [L] , Equatorial Guinea [LM] , Gabon [L] , Nigeria [LM] , Republic of the Congo [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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