Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Cape Verde has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Cape Verde and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
The archipelago remained uninhabited until the 15th century, when Portuguese explorers discovered and colonized the islands, establishing the first European settlement in the tropics. The 16th and 17th centuries prospered, attracting merchants, privateers and pirates. The suppression of the Atlantic slave-trade in the 19th century led to economic decline and migration. Incorporated as a foreign department of Portugal in 1951, the islands continued to campaign for independence, after which they gained independence in 1975.
The Cape Verde Archipelago is about 570 kilometers (350 mi) off the west coast of the African continent, near Senegal, Gambia and Mauritania, in the Atlantic Ocean, the largest island in both size and population, Santiago, which is the country's capital, Priya hosts the major urban agglomeration in the archipelago.
Despite the scarcity of natural resources Cape Verde's remarkable economic growth and improved living conditions have achieved international recognition, with development aid often provided by other countries and international organizations. Since 2007, the UN has classified it as a developing nation rather than a least developed country.
The official language of Cape Verde is Portuguese. It is the language of education and government. It is also used in newspapers, television and radio. Cape Verdean Creole is used colloquially and is the mother tongue of almost all Cape Words.
The Republic of Cape Verde or Cabo Verde is an island country, an archipelago located in the Macronosian Ecological Zone in the North Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Africa, consisting of ten large islands and eight islands (small islands).
The total area of Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) is 4,033 sq km. (1,557 square miles).
The total population of Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) is 503,000 as of 2008 and according to the World Bank it has a total population of 5.4 lakh in 2016.
The official language of Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) is Portuguese.
The name of the currency of Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) is Cape Verdean escudo.
The national dish of Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) is cachupa and the main food is maize.
Its Santiago island is the largest in both population and size and the smallest island is Brava, its greenest island.
It was first discovered by the Portuguese in the 15th century and ruled until 1975. It was later made independent on 5 July 1975.
The Portuguese made it the center of the African slave trade during their rule, but in 1876 the slave trade was abolished on the island.
Sugarcane wine is a very popular drink among men on the island of Cape Verde and is famous as the national wine of the country. It is called grog. It is made by farmers on the islands.
The flag of Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) whose rectangle shape is in the form of a large blue field symbolizing the infinite space of the sea and sky with its ten yellow stars representing the ten islands.
Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau were united countries until 1980 but in 1980 there was an uprising in Guinea-Bissau, which affected the two countries and they were separated.
Railway facilities are not available in Cape Verde.