Burkina Faso History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Burkina Faso has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Burkina Faso and important events related to Burkina Faso history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Burkina Faso Country Profile

CountryBurkina Faso
CurrencyWest African CFA franc
GroupAfrican Union
FormationAugust 5, 1960

Burkina Faso History

The northwestern part of present-day Burkina Faso was populated by predatory animals from 14000 BCE to 5000 BCE. Their equipment, including scraper, chisel and arrowhead, was discovered in 1973 through archaeological excavations. Proto-Mosi arrived in the far eastern part of Burkina Faso sometime between the 8th and 11th centuries, the Samo arrived around the 15th century, the regions north and north of Dogan Burkina Faso until the time in the 15th or 16th century Use to live. During the Middle Ages the Mosi established a number of different kingdoms, including Tenkodogo, Yatenga, Jhandoma, and Augadougou. Sometime between 1328 and 1338 the Mossi warriors attacked Timbuktu, but in 1483 Mossi was defeated by Sonni Ali of Songhai at the Battle of Kobi in Mali.

Burkina Faso Geography

Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) is a Zamindar Sahel country that shares a border with six countries. It lies between the Sahara Desert and the Gulf of Guinea to the south of the Gulf of Guinea. The land is green with forests and fruit trees in the south and deserts in the north. The total area of ​​Burkina Faso is 274,200 km 2, of which 273,800 km 2 is land and 400 km 2 km is water. It has a total range of 3,611 km: Benin 386 km, Ivory Coast 545 km, Ghana 602 km, Mali 1,325 km, Niger 622 km and Togo 131 km. It has no beach or maritime claim.

Burkina Faso Economy

Burkina Faso's economy is primarily based on material farming and livestock raising. Burkina Faso has an average income of purchasing power parity of $ 1,900 per person and nominal per capita in 2014 of $ 790. More than 80% of the population is dependent on subsistence agriculture, with only a small fraction directly involved in industry and services. Highly variable rainfall, poor soils, lack of adequate communication and other infrastructure, a low literacy rate, and a stable economy are all long-term problems in this country. The export economy was also subject to world price fluctuations. The Burkinabe financial system represents 30% of the country's GDP and is dominated by the banking sector, which accounts for 90% of the total financial system's assets. There are eleven banks and five non-bank financial institutions in the country.

Burkina Faso Language

Burkina Faso is a multilingual country. The official language is French, introduced during the colonial period. French is the principal language of administrative, political and judicial institutions, public services and the press. It is the only language for laws, administration and courts. In total, an estimated 69 languages ​​are spoken in the country, of which around 60 are indigenous. The Mosi language is the most spoken language in Burkina Faso, spoken by about half the population.

Burkina Faso Important Facts

  • On 11 July 1960, Burkina Faso was liberated by France, its ancient name was Upper Volta but in 1984 it changed its name to Burkina Faso.
  • The official language of Burkina Faso is French and the recognized regional languages ​​are More and Dioula.
  • The total area of ​​Burkina Faso is 274,000 sq km. (105,792 square miles).
  • According to the 2005 census Burkina Faso has a total population of 13,228,000.
  • The currency of Burkina Faso is named West African CFA Franc.
  • Burkina Faso is a landlocked nation in West Africa. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Côte d'Ivoire to the southwest.
  • Burkina Faso is the largest producer of cotton in Africa, but it mainly exports gold.
  • The highest mountain in Burkina Faso is Mount Tenacouro, which is 747 meters (2,451 ft) in height.
  • The Early National Park of Burkina Faso is a national park located in the southeast. It is connected to Pendjari National Park in Benin in the south and Singu Reserve in the west. The park is home to 200 elephants, 200 hippos and 100 lions.
  • Burkina Faso hosts the largest craft market in Africa and also brings African art and culture famous in the world.
  • The red color in the flag of Burkina Faso symbolizes the recent revolution, the green symbolizes the multiplicity of natural wealth, the yellow color symbolizes the guiding light of the revolution.

Burkina Faso Important History Events

  • 04 august 1983 - A coup d'état organised by Blaise Compaoré and supported byLibya made Thomas Sankara President of the Republic of Upper Volta (nowBurkina Faso).
  • 04 august 1984 - Exactly a year after he came to power in the Republic of UpperVolta through a military coup, President Thomas Sankara changed its nameto Burkina Faso.
  • 15 January 2016 - The terrorist attack at the hotel in Ogadogu in the West African country of Burkina Faso killed 28 people and injured 56 people.

Populated Cities of Burkina Faso

Bogande, Koudougou, Ouahigouya, Gorom Gorom, Banfora, Dedougou, Kaya, Sapouy, Tenkodogo, Dori, Reo, Bobo Dioulasso, Fada Ngourma, Sebba, Koupela, Kombissiri, Nouna, Gaoua, Leo, Diapaga, Zorgo, Yako, Djibo, Orodara, Po, Tougan, Boulsa, Manga, Diebougou, Ziniare, Ouagadougou, Solenzo, Gaoua,

6 Neighbour countries of Burkina Faso

Benin [L] , Ghana [L] , Ivory Coast [L] , Mali [L] , Niger [L] , Togo [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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