Burundi is a landless, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural, accounting for 50% of GDP in 2017 and employing over 90% of the population. Subsidy agriculture accounts for 90% of agriculture. Burundi's primary exports are coffee and tea, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings, although exports constitute a relatively small share of GDP. Other agricultural products include cotton, tea, maize, sorbet, sweet potato, banana, manifed beef, milk and skins. Even though subsistence farming is very dependent, many people do not have the resources to sustain themselves.
In 2014, the average farm size was approximately one acre. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world, owing to its poor geography, poor legal system, lack of economic freedom, lack of access to education and the spread of HIV / AIDS. About 80% of Burundi's population lives in poverty. Family and food shortages have been the largest in Burundi in the 20th century, and according to the World Food Program, 56.8% of children under the age of five suffer from chronic malnutrition. Burundi's export income - and ability to pay for imports - rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices.