Burundi History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Burundi has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Burundi and important events related to Burundi history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Burundi Country Profile

CountryBurundi
CapitalBujumbura
CurrencyBurundian franc
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationJuly 1, 1962

Burundi History

Burundi gained independence in 1962 and was initially a monarchy, but the establishment of a republic and a party state in 1966 ended a general climate of murders, coup and regional instability. Ethnic cleansing and eventually two civil wars and genocide during the 1970s and then hundreds of thousands of deaths in the 1990s led to the economy being underdeveloped and leaving the population as one of the world's poorest people. The Hutus, both presidents of Rwanda and Burundi, died when their airplane was shot down in April 1994.

Burundi Geography

One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi has landslides and an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, a western extension of the East African Rift. The country is situated on a rolling plateau in the center of Africa. Burundi has Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and southeast, and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west. Kibira National Park (a small area of rainforest adjacent to Nyangwe Forest National Park in Rwanda) in the north-west, Rububu National Park (on the banks of the Ruruba River, also known as Ruvu or Ruvu) in the north-east . Both were founded in 1982 to conserve wildlife populations.

Burundi Economy

Burundi is a landless, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural, accounting for 50% of GDP in 2017 and employing over 90% of the population. Subsidy agriculture accounts for 90% of agriculture. Burundi's primary exports are coffee and tea, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings, although exports constitute a relatively small share of GDP. Other agricultural products include cotton, tea, maize, sorbet, sweet potato, banana, manifed beef, milk and skins. Even though subsistence farming is very dependent, many people do not have the resources to sustain themselves.

In 2014, the average farm size was approximately one acre. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world, owing to its poor geography, poor legal system, lack of economic freedom, lack of access to education and the spread of HIV / AIDS. About 80% of Burundi's population lives in poverty. Family and food shortages have been the largest in Burundi in the 20th century, and according to the World Food Program, 56.8% of children under the age of five suffer from chronic malnutrition. Burundi's export income - and ability to pay for imports - rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices.

Burundi Language

The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi and French, with Kirundi being officially recognized as the only national language.

Burundi Important Facts

  • Burundi is a landlocked country located near the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, whose official name is Republic of Burundi.
  • It was ruled by both Germany and Belgium as a European colony, popularly known as Ruanda-Urundi.
  • Burundi gained independence in 1962, initially there was a monarchy but due to the murders, imperial coup and territorial instability, the monarchy was abolished in 1966 and Burundi was approved as a republican and one-party nation.
  • Burundi borders Tanzania to the south and east, Rwanda to the north and Congo to the west. Although the country is a landlock, its southwest border is bordered by Lake Tanganyika.
  • The total area of ​​Burundi is 27,830 sq km. (10,745 square miles).
  • According to the 2008 census Burundi has a total population of 8,691,005.
  • Burundi has two official languages: French and Kirundi.
  • The currency of Burundi is the Burundian Franc which was introduced in 1962.
  • Famous tribes of Burundi have lived on Twa, Hutu and Tutsi for nearly 500 years. In Burundi, there was an ethnic conflict between these tribes from 1993 to 2005 in which about 2 lakh people died, but after the year 2005, the country is on the path of progress due to political stability.
  • The highest mountain in Burundi is Mount Heha, which is 2,670 meters (8,759 feet) high.
  • The major rivers of Burundi are Malagasi, Kanyaru, Ruvubu and Rasij and the important lakes here include Ravro, Kohaha and Tanganyika.
  • Burundi's most famous waterfall is named Chutes de la Kagera (Kagera Falls), which is located in Routana, southern Burundi. Its height is 80 meters (262 ft).

Burundi Important History Events

  • 08 july 1966 - King of Burundi Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng was displaced by his son Ntare-V. Burundi is a small landlocked country in African continent. It is one of the five poorest countries of the world. The history of Burundi is marked with genocides and political imbalances before becoming a republic.
  • 20 November 1981 - Adopted the constitution in the African country of Burundi.
  • 07 April 1994 - Rwanda's President Juvenal Heyvarimana and Burundi's President Cipriana Ntamita died in a rocket attack at Kigali Airport.

Populated Cities of Burundi

Muyinga, Cankuzo, Kirundo, Ruyigi, Bujumbura, Gitega, Ngozi, Rutana, Bururi, Makamba, Kayanza, Muramvya, Bubanza, Karusi, Cibitoke, Gitega, Mwaro, Isale, Rumonge,

3 Neighbour countries of Burundi

Democratic Republic of the Congo [L] , Rwanda [L] , Tanzania [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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