Senegal History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Senegal has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Senegal and important events related to Senegal history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Senegal Country Profile

CurrencyWest African CFA franc
GroupAfrican Union
FormationApril 4, 1960

Senegal History

Senegal was inhabited in prehistoric times and has been continuously occupied by various ethnic groups. Some kingdoms were built around the 7th century: Takur in the 9th century, Namandiru and the Jolof Empire during the 13th and 14th centuries. Eastern Senegal was once part of the Kingdom of Ghana. In the middle of the 15th century, the Portuguese landed on the Senegal coast, followed by representing merchants from other countries, including the French. European missionaries introduced Christianity to Senegal and Casamance in the 19th century. It was only in the 1850s that the French began to expand on the mainland of Senegal, as they abolished slavery. On 4 April 1959, Senegal and the French Sudan merged to form the Mali Federation, Which became completely independent on 20 June 1960 as a result of the transfer of power agreement signed with France on 4 April 1960.

Senegal Geography

Senegal is located to the west of the African continent. Senegal is externally surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Bissau to the south. The landscape of Senegal consists mainly of the sandy plains of the Western Sahel, rising to the foothills in the southeast. The northern border is formed by the Senegal River. Other rivers include the Gambia and Casamance rivers. The capital Dakar is located on the Cap-Vert peninsula, the westernmost point in continental Africa.

Senegal Economy

Primarily rural, and with limited natural resources, Senegal's economy makes the most of its foreign exchange from fish, phosphates, peanuts, tourism, and services. As one of the major segments of the economy, Senegal's agricultural sector is highly sensitive to environmental conditions, such as changes in rainfall and climate change and changes in world commodity prices. Senegal is also one of the best developed tourist industries in Africa. Senegal relies heavily on foreign aid. It is a member of the World Trade Organization.

Senegal Language

French is the official language of this country, spoken at least by all those who have spent many years in the educational system, and who are of French descent. During the 15th century, many European regions started doing business in Senegal. done. By the 19th century, French powers also strengthened their roots in Senegal, and thus the number of French-speaking people steadily increased manifold. French was confirmed as the official language of Senegal in 1960 when the country gained independence.

Senegal Important Facts

  • Senegal, officially called the Republic of Senegal, is located in the west of Africa and is named after the Senegal River.
  • Senegal was officially colonized by France in 1677 and became independent on 4 April 1960.
  • The total area of ​​Senegal is 196,712 sq km. (75,951 square miles).
  • The official language of Senegal is French.
  • The currency of Senegal is CFA Franc.
  • According to the World Bank, Senegal had a total population of 1.54 crore in 2016.
  • In Senegal, the religion of most people is Islam which belongs to the Sunni community.
  • Senegal has a tropical climate that is both hot, humid, and the rainy season has strong southeast winds. The dry season is dominated by hot, dry, and noxious winds.
  • The main ethnic groups in Senegal are Wolof and Phula.
  • The highest mountain in Senegal is Sambaya Kedougou (Sambaya, Kédougou), whose elevation is 395 meters.
  • The largest river of Senegal is the Senegal River, which has a length of 1,086 km.
  • The national animal of Senegal is the lion.
  • The national dish of Senegal is fish simmered.

Senegal Important History Events

  • 31 December 1758 - The British Expeditionary Army occupied Gore Dakar) Senegal.
  • 20 june 1960 - The Mali Federation gained independence from France. The Mali Federation was a country in West Africa linking the French colonies of Senegal and the Sudanese Republic for a period of only two months. It was founded as a territory with self-rule within the French Community and became independent after negotiations with France. It was later split into Mali and Senegal.
  • 20 june 1960 - The Mali Federation gained independence from France, but lastedonly two months before dividing into Senegal and Mali.
  • 20 June 1960 - The Mali Federation later split into Mali and Senegal) gained independence from France.
  • 04 April 1960 - The African country of Senegal declared independence from France.
  • 04 April 1960 - Senegal signed a power deal with France, leading to the country's independence.
  • 27 april 1993 - Members of the Zambia national football team were killed in plane crash en route to play a 1994 World Cup qualifying match against Senegal.
  • 29 august 2014 - Ebola spreads to Senegal when a 21-year-old man becomes the first reported case, due to his recent contact with Ebola victims from Guinea.
  • 17 october 2014 - As per the World Health Organization, Senegal is now free of the Ebola virus.
  • 05 September 2014 - According to an estimate by the World Health Organization (WHO), 1900 out of 3,500 people infected with the Ebella virus died in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone.

Populated Cities of Senegal

Tambacounda, Louga, Kolda, Thies, Kaolack, Dakar, Fatick, Kaedi, Ziguinchor, Kedougou, Diourbel, Sedhiou, Saint-Louis, Kaffrine, Matam,

6 Neighbour countries of Senegal

Cape Verde [M] , Gambia [LM] , Guinea [L] , Guinea-Bissau [LM] , Mali [L] , Mauritania [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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