Chad History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Chad has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Chad and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
France conquered the region by 1920 and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. In 1960, Chad gained independence under the leadership of François Tomblé. The prolonged civil war in 1965 brought an end to the resentment of his policies in the Muslim North. In 1979, the rebels conquered the capital and ended the hegemony of the South. In 1990, Hisain Habe was overthrown by his general, Idris Debbie. With French support, the modernization of the Chadian Armed Forces was initiated in 1991. Since 2003, the Darfur crisis in Sudan has spread across the border and destabilized the nation. The poor, already, nation and people struggled to accommodate the thousands of Sudanese refugees living in and around camps in eastern Chad.
At 1,284,000 square kilometers, Chad is the 20th largest country in the world. It is slightly smaller than Peru and slightly larger than South Africa. Chad is bounded on the north by Libya, on the east by Sudan, on the west by Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon, and on the south by the Central African Republic. The country's nearest capital, Doula, is 1,060 kilometers from Cameroon. Because of this distance from the sea and the country's largely desert climate, Chad is sometimes referred to as the "Dead Heart of Africa". The region's long grass and extensive marshes are suited to birds, reptiles and large mammals. The major rivers of Chad - Chari, Logon and their tributaries - flow from the south to the lake flowing southward.
The United Nations' Human Development Index ranks Chad as the seventh poorest country in the world, with 80% of its population living below the poverty line. In 2009, per capita gross domestic product (purchasing power parity) was estimated as US $ 1,651. Chad is a part of the Bank of Central African States, the Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa (UDEAC) and the Organization of Business of Harmonization of Business Law of Africa. As of 2013, Chad had 59 airports, of which only 9 had runways. Is an international airport serving the capital and Paris and regular nonstop flights to several African cities.
The official languages of Chad are Arabic and French, but more than 100 languages and dialects are spoken. Due to the important role played by itinerant Arab traders and merchants settled in local communities, Chadian Arabic has become a lingua franca.
Chad, also known as Tshad, is a landlock country located in Central Africa, bordered by the Central African Republic to the south, Libya to the north, Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon to the west, and Sudan to the east.
The country of Chad is named after Chad, the world's 17th largest lake, which is 1,350 km long. Spreads over.
Chad is also called the dead heart of Africa because it is located in the largest desert Sahara.
On August 11, 1960, Chad gained his independence from France.
The total area of Chad is 1,284,000 square kilometers (495,755 square miles).
The official languages of Chad are Arabic and French.
The currency of Chad is the Central African CFA Franc.
According to the World Bank, the total population of Chad in 2016 is 1.45 million.
The main foods of Chad are millet, jowar and rice.
The Emi Koussi Mountain is the highest mountain in the Chad and Sahara Desert, with a height of 3,445 meters.
Chad is also called the Babel Tower of the world.
The University of Chad was established in 1971.
Billy Billy (millet beer) and fruit juices are traditional drinks of Chad.
Jakouma National Park is Chad's first national park and has been designated by the Chadian government to be a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The design of the flag of Chad is inspired by the flag of France, in which the blue color symbolizes hope, the sky and the southern part of agricultural power, the yellow color symbolizes the country's northern desert and sun, and the red color for prosperity, unity and blood flow for freedom Is a symbol of
The civil war in Chad began in December 2005 and lasted until 2010.
29 May 1900 - N 'Djamena, now the capital of Chad, was established as Fort-Lammy Buffren's Commander .Mile Mentil.
08 August 1950 - Florence Chadwick set a 13-hour, 22-minute swim in the English Channel.
11 September 1951 - Florence Chadwick became the first woman to swim across the English Channel. It took him 16 hours and 19 minutes to reach France from England.
11 August 1960 - The African country of Chad gained independence from France.
14 November 2003 - Astronomers Michael E. Brown, Chad Truzilo and David L. Rinbovitz discovered the Trans-Neptunian Object 90377 Sedna.
25 September 2004 - Chad, Mali, Gambia, Niger and Mauritania, including West Africa, suffer from the worst plague of locusts in 40 years. The grasshoppers are cleaning thousands of acres of land. Due to the vast number of Swar, such high pesticides are unable to keep control.
18 December 2005 - The most recent Chadian civil war began when rebel groups, allegedly supported by neighbor Sudan, began attacking in Adre.
17 October 2013 - Lithuania, Saudi Arabia, Chad, Chile and Nigeria have been selected by the United Nations Security Council for a two -year term, which begins on 1 January 2014.