Chad History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Chad has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Chad and important events related to Chad history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Chad Country Profile

CurrencyCentral African CFA franc
GroupAfrican Union
FormationAugust 11, 1960

Chad History

France conquered the region by 1920 and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. In 1960, Chad gained independence under the leadership of François Tomblé. The prolonged civil war in 1965 brought an end to the resentment of his policies in the Muslim North. In 1979, the rebels conquered the capital and ended the hegemony of the South. In 1990, Hisain Habe was overthrown by his general, Idris Debbie. With French support, the modernization of the Chadian Armed Forces was initiated in 1991. Since 2003, the Darfur crisis in Sudan has spread across the border and destabilized the nation. The poor, already, nation and people struggled to accommodate the thousands of Sudanese refugees living in and around camps in eastern Chad.

Chad Geography

At 1,284,000 square kilometers, Chad is the 20th largest country in the world. It is slightly smaller than Peru and slightly larger than South Africa. Chad is bounded on the north by Libya, on the east by Sudan, on the west by Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon, and on the south by the Central African Republic. The country's nearest capital, Doula, is 1,060 kilometers from Cameroon. Because of this distance from the sea and the country's largely desert climate, Chad is sometimes referred to as the "Dead Heart of Africa". The region's long grass and extensive marshes are suited to birds, reptiles and large mammals. The major rivers of Chad - Chari, Logon and their tributaries - flow from the south to the lake flowing southward.

Chad Economy

The United Nations' Human Development Index ranks Chad as the seventh poorest country in the world, with 80% of its population living below the poverty line. In 2009, per capita gross domestic product (purchasing power parity) was estimated as US $ 1,651. Chad is a part of the Bank of Central African States, the Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa (UDEAC) and the Organization of Business of Harmonization of Business Law of Africa. As of 2013, Chad had 59 airports, of which only 9 had runways. Is an international airport serving the capital and Paris and regular nonstop flights to several African cities.

Chad Language

The official languages of Chad are Arabic and French, but more than 100 languages and dialects are spoken. Due to the important role played by itinerant Arab traders and merchants settled in local communities, Chadian Arabic has become a lingua franca.

Chad Important Facts

  • Chad, also known as Tshad, is a landlock country located in Central Africa, bordered by the Central African Republic to the south, Libya to the north, Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon to the west, and Sudan to the east.
  • The country of Chad is named after Chad, the world's 17th largest lake, which is 1,350 km long. Spreads over.
  • Chad is also called the dead heart of Africa because it is located in the largest desert Sahara.
  • On August 11, 1960, Chad gained his independence from France.
  • The total area of ​​Chad is 1,284,000 square kilometers (495,755 square miles).
  • The official languages of Chad are Arabic and French.
  • The currency of Chad is the Central African CFA Franc.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Chad in 2016 is 1.45 million.
  • The main foods of Chad are millet, jowar and rice.
  • The Emi Koussi Mountain is the highest mountain in the Chad and Sahara Desert, with a height of 3,445 meters.
  • Chad is also called the Babel Tower of the world.
  • The University of Chad was established in 1971.
  • Billy Billy (millet beer) and fruit juices are traditional drinks of Chad.
  • Jakouma National Park is Chad's first national park and has been designated by the Chadian government to be a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The design of the flag of Chad is inspired by the flag of France, in which the blue color symbolizes hope, the sky and the southern part of agricultural power, the yellow color symbolizes the country's northern desert and sun, and the red color for prosperity, unity and blood flow for freedom Is a symbol of
  • The civil war in Chad began in December 2005 and lasted until 2010.

Chad Important History Events

  • 16 march 597 - Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II captured Jerusalem andinstalled Zedekiah as King of Judah.
  • 09 july 1896 - Politician William Jennings Bryan made his Cross of Gold speechadvocating bimetallism, considered one of the greatest politicalspeeches in American history.
  • 29 may 1900 - N'Djamena, now the capital of Chad, was founded as Fort-Lamy byFrench commander Émile Gentil.
  • 08 August 1950 - Florence Chadwick set a 13-hour, 22-minute swim in the English Channel.
  • 11 September 1951 - Florence Chadwick became the first woman to swim across the English Channel. It took him 16 hours and 19 minutes to reach France from England.
  • 11 August 1960 - The African country of Chad gained independence from France.
  • 14 november 2003 - Astronomers Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L.Rabinowitz discovered the trans-Neptunian object 90377 Sedna.
  • 25 september 2004 - West Africa including Chad, Mali, Gambia, Niger and Mauritania are suffering the worst Plague of Locusts in 40 years. The locusts are clearing hundreds of thousands of acres of the meagre crops these countries can produce. Due to the vast numbers of swarms are so high pesticide control is unable to keep up.
  • 18 June 2004 - Chad's troops killed 69 Sudanese militias.
  • 15 September 2004 - Woman of the Year honor to British citizen Gurinder Chadha.

Populated Cities of Chad

Ndjamena, Kelo, Fada, Pala, Bol, Am Timan, Doba, Mongo, Ati, Zouar, Bongor, Lai, Oum Hadjer, Mao, Sarh, Abeche, Moundou, Faya Largeau, Biltine, Am Djarass, Goz Beida, Moussoro, Bardai, Massakory, Massenya, Koumra, Pala,

6 Neighbour countries of Chad

Cameroon [L] , Central African Republic [L] , Libya [L] , Niger [L] , Nigeria [L] , Sudan [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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