Central African Republic History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Central African Republic has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Central African Republic and important events related to Central African Republic history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Central African Republic Country Profile

CountryCentral African Republic
CapitalBangui
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationAugust 13, 1960

Central African Republic History

The history of the Central African Republic is broadly composed of four different periods. The earliest phase of settlement began around 10,000 years ago when nomadic people first settled in the region, farming and fishing. The next period began around 1,000 to 3,000 years ago when many non-indigenous groups began migrating from other parts of the continent to the region. The third period included the colonial conquest and rule of the country by France and Germany that spanned from the late 1800s to the 1960s when the Central African Republic became an independent state. The last period has been the era during which the Central African Republic has been an independent state.

Central African Republic Geography

The Central African Republic is the interior of the African continent. It borders Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Congo. The savannah is a flat or rolling plateau at about 1,640 ft (500 m) above sea level in most of the country. There are fertile hills in the northeast, and scattered hills in the southwestern part of the country. To the northwest is the Karre Mountains (also known as Yade Massif), a granite plateau with a height of 3,750 feet (1,143 meters).

Central African Republic Economy

The economy of the Central African Republic is one of the least developed in the world, with an estimated annual per capita income of just $ 805 as measured by purchasing power parity in 2019. Due to the considerable population and landslides, the nation is highly agricultural-dominated. The vast majority of the population engages in subsistence farming and 55% of the country's GDP comes from agriculture. Assisted agriculture, along with forestry, remains the backbone of the Central African Republic (CAR) economy, with more than 70% of the population living in outlying areas. The main food crops include cassava, groundnut, sorbet, millet, maize, sesame and plants. The major cash crops for export include cotton, coffee and tobacco. Timber accounts for about 16% of export earnings and about 54% of the diamond industry.

Central African Republic Language

The two official languages of the Central African Republic are French and Sango (also spelled Sango), a Creole developed as an inter-ethnic lingua franca based on the local Nagabandi language. CAR is one of the few African countries where the African language is their official language.

Central African Republic Important Facts

  • The Central African Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Africa.
  • It is bordered by Sudan in the east, Cameroon in the west, Chad in the north, and Democratic Republic of Congo and Congo in the south.
  • The Central African Republic gained independence from France on 13 August 1960.
  • The total area of ​​the Central African Republic is 622,984 sq km. (240,534 square miles).
  • According to the 2016 census conducted by the World Bank, the total population of the Central African Republic is 45.9 million.
  • The currency of the Central African Republic is named Central African CFA Franc.
  • Sango and French are the official languages ​​of the Central African Republic.
  • The highest mountain in the Central African Republic is the Karre Mountains with an altitude of 1,410 m. (4,630 ft).
  • The Republic of Central Africa flag was officially adopted on 1 December 1958.
  • The climate of the Republic of Central Africa is tropical, with temperatures dropping to about 178 cm (70 in) in the south and about 86 cm (30 in) in the northeast during rainy days.
  • As of 2002, there were 209 species of mammals across the country, including 168 species of birds and 3,600 species of plants.
  • According to the United Nations, as of 2001, around 12.9% of people aged 15–49 were suffering from HIV / AIDS.
  • According to the data for the year 2017, Central African Republic is one of the 10 poorest countries in the world with minimum GDP per capita on purchasing power parity in the world.
  • According to the United Nations estimate, in 2005, 41% of the country's population lived in urban areas and urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 2.81%.
  • In 2008, the Central African Republic was the least light pollution affected country in the world.

Central African Republic Important History Events

  • 31 december 1965 - Jean-Bédel Bokassa, leader of the Central African Republic Army, and his military officers began a coup d'état against the government of President David Dacko.
  • 21 November 1986 - The Central African Republic adopted the constitution.
  • 03 November 1996 - The brutal dictator of the Central African Republic Jan Bedel Bokassa died.
  • 28 november 2006 - Government troops in the Central African Republic, backed by French forces, have launched an offensive to retake the northeast town of Birao from rebels, and have recaptured its airport, a French military spokesman said.
  • 10 november 2012 - François Bozizé, the president of the Central African Republic François Bozizé asks for his son to detain after he refuses to pay a hotel bill.

Populated Cities of Central African Republic

Bangui, Bossembele, Mbaiki, Bossangoa, Bambari, Berberati, Kaga Bandoro, Ouadda, Yakossi, Bozoum, Carnot, Bouar, Sibut, Bangassou, Bria, Nola, Zemio, Mobaye, Obo, Ndele, Birao, Bimbo,

6 Neighbour countries of Central African Republic

Cameroon [L] , Chad [L] , Democratic Republic of the Congo [L] , Republic of the Congo [L] , South Sudan [L] , Sudan [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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