Guinea-Bissau History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Guinea-Bissau has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Guinea-Bissau and important events related to Guinea-Bissau history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Guinea-Bissau Country Profile

CurrencyWest African CFA franc
GroupAfrican Union
FormationSeptember 24, 1973

Guinea-Bissau History

Guinea-Bissau was once part of the Kabu Kingdom, as well as part of the Mali Empire. Parts of this state remained until the 18th century, while some others had been under some rule of the Portuguese Empire since the 16th century. In the 19th century, it was colonized as Portuguese Guinea. At independence, declared in 1973 and in 1974, the name of its capital Bissau was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with Guinea (formerly French Guinea). Guinea-Bissau has a history of political instability since independence, and only one elected president (Jose Merio Vaz) has successfully completed a full five-year term. The new chairman is Umaro Sisoko Iambalo, who was elected on December 29, 2019.

Guinea-Bissau Geography

At 36,125 square kilometers (13,948 sq mi), the country is larger in size than Taiwan or Belgium. The highest point is 300 meters (984 ft). This area has many coastal coastal plain where formerly Guinea forest-savanna mosaic of growing Guinea mangrove swamp side. Its monsoon-like rainy season is accompanied by a period of hot, dry Harmattan winds blowing from the Sahara. The Bijagos Archipelago is far from the mainland.

Guinea-Bissau Economy

Guinea-Bissau has the lowest per capita GDP in the world, and its Human Development Index is the lowest on Earth. More than two-thirds of the population lives below the poverty line. The economy mainly depends on agriculture; Fish, cashew nuts, and ground nuts are its major exports.

Guinea-Bissau Language

The ethno-linguistic structure of Lesotho almost completely Bsotho, Bantu-speaking people: an estimated 99.7 percent of people identified as Bsotho. In this regard, Lesotho is part of a handful of sub-Saharan African countries with the same major cultural ethnic group and language as the main language, with Sesotho also being the first official and administrative language, and that is Basotho.

Guinea-Bissau Important Facts

  • Guinea-Bissau is officially a sovereign state in the Republic of Guinea-Bissau West Africa.
  • Guinea-Bissau borders the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Gambia in the north and Guinea from east to south.
  • The independence of Guinea-Bissau was declared on 24 September 1973 and gained national recognition on 10 September 1974.
  • The total area of ​​Guinea-Bissau is 36,125 sq km. (13,948 sq mi).
  • The official language of Guinea-Bissau is Portuguese and the recognized national language is Appar Ginicreole.
  • The currency of Guinea-Bissau is named West African CFA Franc.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Guinea-Bissau was 1.8 million in 2016.
  • Most of the people of the country of Guinea-Bissau are currently Muslims, who belong to the Sunni sect.
  • The two largest ethnic groups in Guinea-Bissau are Fula and Ballant.
  • The weather in Guinea-Bissau is warm throughout the year and the temperature fluctuates, with an average temperature of 26.3 ° C.
  • The national bird of Guinea-Bissau is the Autochthonous Bird.
  • The national animal of Guinea-Bissau is the African Elephant.
  • The flag of Guinea-Bissau was officially adopted on 24 September 1973.
  • The black star in the flag of Guinea-Bissau is a symbol of African unity, yellow of the sun, green of hope and red of blood flowing during independence from Portugal.

Guinea-Bissau Important History Events

  • 17 September 1974 - Bangladesh, Grenada and Guinea-Bissau joined the United Nations.
  • 14 september 2003 - Kumba Ialá, the President of Guinea-Bissau, was deposed in abloodless coup.
  • 02 march 2009 - President of Guinea-Bissau, Joao Bernardo Vierira was killed during an armed attack on his house in Bissau.

Populated Cities of Guinea-Bissau

Catio, Farim, Bissau, Bafata, Gabu, Fulacunda, Bolama, Cacheu, Buba, Quinhamel,

2 Neighbour countries of Guinea-Bissau

Guinea [LM] , Senegal [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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