Guinea History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Guinea has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Guinea and important events related to Guinea history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Guinea Country Profile

CountryGuinea
CapitalConakry
CurrencyGuinea Franc
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationOctober 2, 1958
FounderAhmed Sékou Touré 

Guinea History

The land that is now Guinea belonged to a series of African kingdoms, until France colonized it in the 1890s, and made it part of French West Africa. Guinea declared her independence from France on 2 October 1958. From independence until the 2010 presidential election, Guinea was ruled by several autocratic rulers.

Guinea Geography

Guinea to the north-west with Guinea-Bissau, Senegal to the north, Mali to the north-east, Ivory Coast to the east, Sierra Leone to the south-west, and Liberia to the south is surrounded. The highest point in Guinea is Mount Nimba at 1,752 m (5,748 ft). The sources of the Niger River, the Gambia River and the Senegal River are all found in the Guinea Highlands. The population of Conakry, the capital of Guinea, is 1,667,864.

Guinea Economy

Guinea has abundant natural resources, with 25% or more of the world's known bauxite reserves. Guinea also has diamonds, gold and other metals. There is a lot of potential for hydroelectric energy in the country. Bauxite and alumina are currently the only major exports. Other industries include beer, juice, soft drinks and tobacco processing plants. Agriculture accounts for 80% of the country's labor force.

Guinea Language

The Republic of Guinea is a multilingual country, with more than 40 languages ​​spoken. The official language is French, inherited from colonial rule. The official language of Guinea is French. The most widely spoken language is Pular. Many native languages ​​have been given the status of national languages, which include Fula (or Puller), Malinke (or Maninka), Susu, Keppel (known as Gurje in French) and Loma. Are included.

Guinea Important Facts

  • Guinea is officially called the Republic of Guinea, located in West Africa, it stretches from east to south.
  • Guinea is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and Guinea-Bissau, Senegal to the north and Mali to the north-east, Cot Divas to the southeast, Liberia to the south and Sierra to the southwest.
  • Guinea colonized France in the 1890s and named it French Guinea.
  • Guinea gained independence from France on 2 October 1958.
  • The total area of ​​Guinea is 245,857 sq km. (94,926 sq mi).
  • The official language of Guinea is French and the main languages ​​are Mandingo, Fula and Susu.
  • Guinea's currency is named Guinean Franc.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Guinea in 2016 is 1.24 crore.
  • Guinea's population is about 85 percent Muslim, 8 percent Christian, with 7 percent of indigenous religious beliefs. Most of Guinea's Muslims are Sunni sects of Islam.
  • The highest mountain in Guinea is named Mount Nimba, which is 1,752 meters (5,748 ft) in height.
  • The largest city and capital of Guinea is Conakry which is a port city on the Atlantic Ocean and serves as the economic, financial and cultural center of Guinea.
  • The highest point in Guinea is Mount Nimba at 1,752 m (5,748 ft).
  • The national animal of Guinea is the African forest elephant which is the largest land mammal on Earth.
  • Football is the most popular sport in Guinea and its national football team is called Syli Nationale which literally means National Elephant.
  • The red color in the Guinea flag symbolizes the struggle for independence, the yellow symbolizes the wealth of the sun and the land, and the green symbolizes the country's flora.

Guinea Important History Events

  • 28 june 1882 - The Anglo-French Convention of 1882 marks the territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone. The treaty confirmed the territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone around Conakry and Freetown. However, it was never fully ratified by the French Chamber of Deputies although was officially recognized by the British Foreign Office.
  • 11 september 1914 - During the First World War, the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force invaded German New Guinea, winning the Battle of Bita Paka.
  • 06 august 1935 - In Hollywood, California Dr. Ralph Willard, a doctor from the state of Georgia in Russia, has effectively frozen a monkey named Jekal and brought it back to life. The doctor has also frozen guinea pigs and revived them. However, the human societies protested when he wanted to experiment on dogs and howls.
  • 20 september 1943 - World War II-Australian troops defeated Imperial Japaneseforces at the Battle of Kaiapit in New Guinea.
  • 01 march 1944 - World War II-American and Australian troops won the Battle of Sio in New Guinea.
  • 31 December 1962 - The Netherlands left New Guinea, an island in the Southwest Pacific Ocean.
  • 12 October 1968 - Equatorial Guinea, a country located in Central Africa, gained independence from Spain and this day was declared the national day of this country.
  • 12 October 1968 - Spain declared Equatorial Guinea as its independent.
  • 10 September 1974 - The Republic of Guinea, a country in West Africa, gained independence from Portugal.
  • 17 September 1974 - Bangladesh, Grenada and Guinea-Bissau joined the United Nations.

Populated Cities of Guinea

Catio, Kundiawa, Hoskins, Luba, Evinayong, Rabaul, Gaoual, Mamou, Kieta, Farim, Kissidougou, Mongomo, Dalaba, Calatrava, Madang, Dinguiraye, Mt. Hagen, Lorengau, Kerema, Mali, Siguiri, Macenta, Bissau, Arawa, Goroka, Wabag, Yomou, Kamsar, Telimele, Bafata, Port Moresby, Popondetta, Mendi, Tongue, Wewak, Fria, Sohano, Boffa, Abau, Gueckedou, Pita, Kavieng, Faranah, Kimbe, Bata, Nzerekore, Malabo, Kerouane, Daru, Conakry, Gabu, Kouroussa, Labe, Koundara, Beyla, Fulacunda, Lae, Dabola, Forecariah, Kindia, Boke, Alotau, Kankan, Vanimo, Bolama, Cacheu, Buba, Pale, Ebebiyin, Quinhamel,

6 Neighbour countries of Guinea

Guinea-Bissau [LM] , Ivory Coast [L] , Liberia [L] , Mali [L] , Senegal [L] , Sierra Leone [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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