Lithuania has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Lithuania and important events related to Lithuania history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Lithuania Country Profile
Lithuania used to be the largest country in Europe in the 14th century. Modern Belarus and Ukraine, as well as several parts of Poland and Russia, were part of the Lithuania Mahaduke State. But gradually the Russian Empire took over most of the territory of Lithuania. During the First World War, there was an October Socialist revolution in Russia in 1917, which broke the Russian Empire and gave birth to the Soviet Union. Taking advantage of this upheaval, on 16 February 1918, the Lithuanian political Numindo signed the "Liberty Bill of Lithuania" and declared Lithuania a free nation. But when the Soviet Union weakened in the year 1990, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare its separate independence on 11 March 1990. And currently modern Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the European Council and NATO.
Lithuania is situated on the edge of the North European Plain. Its landscape was smoothed by glaciers of the last ice age, and is a combination of medium lowland and highland. Its highest point is Aukštojas Hill at a distance of 294 meters in the eastern part of the country. The area has many lakes and wetlands, and a mixed forest area is over 33% of the country. Dr iskšiai is the largest, Tauragnas is the deepest and Asveja is the longest lake in Lithuania.
Lithuania is an advanced, high-income economy, has a very high human development index, a very high standard of living and performs favorably in the measurement of civil liberties, press freedom, internet freedom, democratic governance and peace. Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, the Eurozone, the Schengen Agreement, NATO and the OECD. It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, part of the Nordic-Baltic Cooperation of Northern European Countries, and is classified as a Northern European country by the United Nations.
The Lithuanian language (lietuvių kalba) is the official state language of Lithuania and is recognized as one of the official languages of the European Union. There are approximately 2.96 million native Lithuanian speakers in Lithuania and about 0.2 million abroad.
Lithuania Important Facts
- Lithuania, officially called the Republic of Lithuania, is a country located along the Baltic Sea in the northern part of the continent of Europe.
- Lithuania used to be the largest country in Europe in the 14th century. Modern Belarus and Ukraine, as well as parts of Poland and Russia, were part of Lithuania.
- Lithuania borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest.
- When the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics began to fall, Lithuania was the first country to break away from this union.
- Lithuania gained independence from the Soviet Union on 06 September 1991. Lithuania had also been under several countries before.
- Lithuania has a total area of 65,300 km2 (25,200 sq mi).
- The official language of Lithuania is Lithuanian.
- The name of the currency of Lithuania is Euro.
- According to the World Bank, Lithuania had a total population of 28.7 million in 2016.
- Lithuania has been a member of the European Union since 2004.
- Lithuania is known as the land of the stork, the national bird for a country of about 13,000 pairs.
- Lithuanian was the last country in Europe to convert to Christianity.
- Making vodka from corn was first discovered by Lithuanians.
- Lithuania is the only country in the world with its official fragrance, which is called the fragrance of Lithuania.
- Vilnius University located in Lithuania was the first university in Eastern Europe.
Lithuania Important History Events
- 09 march 1009 - The first known record of the name of Lithuania appeared in an entry in the annals of the Quedlinburg Abbey in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
- 06 july 1253 - Mindaugas, the first known Grand Duke of Lithuania, was crownedas King of Lithuania, the only person to ever hold that title.
- 13 july 1260 - The Livonian Order suffered its greatest defeat in the 13thcentury in the Battle of Durbe against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
- 16 february 1270 - Livonian Crusade: In the Battle of Karuse, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania achieved a decisive victory over the Livonian Order on the frozen surface of the Baltic Sea.
- 01 june 1298 - Residents of Riga and Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Livonian Order in the Battle of Turaida. he Battle of Turaida or Treiden was fought on June 1, 1298 on the banks of the Gauja River near the Turaida Castle . The Livonian Order was decisively defeated by the residents of Riga allied with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania under command of Vytenis.
- 01 february 1329 - The Teutonic Knights succeeded in their siege of a fortress in Samogitia, Lithuania, and baptized the defenders in the Catholic rite.
- 17 February 1370 - Germany defeated Lithuania at the Battle of Rudeau.
- 04 march 1386 - Grand Duke of Lithuania Jogaila was crowned Wladyslaw IIJagiello, King of Poland, beginning the Jagiellonian dynasty.
- 12 october 1398 - The Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the GrandMaster of the Teutonic Knights Konrad von Jungingen signed the Treaty ofSalynas, the third attempt to cede Samogitia to the Knights.
- 15 july 1410 - The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights in the Battle of Grunwald,the decisive engagement of the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War.
Populated Cities of Lithuania
Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda, Siauliai, Panevezys, Ukmerge, Kaisiadorys, Jonava, Varena, Elektrenai, Prienai, Alytus, Kedainiai, Druskininkai, Birstonas, Mazeikiai, Joniskis, Skuodas, Sirvintos, Kalvarija, Jurbarkas, Pagegiai, Raseiniai, Pakruojis, Pasvalys, Vilkaviskis, Akmene, Kazlu Ruda, Radviliskis, Utena, Ignalina, Zarasai, Visaginas, Silale, Plunge, Rietavas, Silute, Taurage, Kretinga, Nida, Svencionys, Rokiskis, Sakiai, Lazdijai, Marijampole, Kelme, Telsiai, Anyksciai, Birzai, Trakai, Kupiskis, Salcininkai, Moletai, Palanga,