Poland History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Poland has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Poland and important events related to Poland history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Poland Country Profile

CountryPoland
CapitalWarsaw
CurrencyPolish złoty
ContinentEurope
FounderMieszko I

Poland History

Poland was founded as a nation under Duke Mizko I, who converted the country to Christianity in 966 AD. In 1025, the first king of Poland was crowned and in 1569, Poland established a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, thus establishing the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. But this Commonwealth could not last for many years and Poland was divided between Austria, Russia and Prussia. Poland became independent again in 1918 after World War I.World War II began in 1939 when Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union invaded Poland. More than six million Polish civilians were killed during World War II, including Polish Jews. After the war, Poland emerged as a communist republic in the "Eastern Bloc". In 1989, Communist rule fell, and Poland emerged as a new nation, constitutionally called the "Third Polish Republic".

Poland Geography

Poland is bounded on the east by Germany, on the south by the Czech Republic and Slovakia, on the southwest by Ukraine, on the west by Belarus, on the northwest by Lithuania and Russia's Kalinigrad Province, and on the north by the Baltic Sea. Forests cover about 30.5% of Poland's land area based on international standards. Its overall percentage is still increasing.

Poland Economy

Poland's economy has been the fastest growing in Europe for over a decade. Poland had a GDP of $ 1.2 trillion in 2018, making it the 8th largest economy in Europe. Poland has a large number of private farms in its agricultural sector, with the potential to become the leading producer of food in the European Union. Smoked and fresh fish, Polish chocolate, dairy products, meat and bread produce the highest financial profits. Poland is a member nation of the European Union, NATO and the OECD. Poland is a highly developed country with a high quality of life. It is one of the largest economies in Europe. Poland also has a very rich history and architecture.

Poland Language

Polish is the only official and major spoken language in Poland, but it is also used in other countries by Polish minorities worldwide as well as being one of the official languages of the European Union. बThe Dhir communities use the Polish sign language related to the German sign language sign language. Polish is also a second language in Lithuania, where it is taught in schools and universities.

Poland Important Facts

  • Poland is officially called the Republic of Poland. It is a country located in Central Europe.
  • Poland is bordered by Germany to the west, Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east, and the Baltic Sea to the north and Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia.
  • On November 3, 1939, the first death sentence of World War II was passed by the Nazis on two Polish women who broke Nazi placards.
  • Poland was the only European country to never officially cooperate with the Nazis at any stage and fought several Polish units with the Nazi army.
  • The total area of ​​Poland is 312,679 sq km. (120,726 sq mi).
  • The official language of Poland is Polish.
  • Poland's currency is named Poland Zloty.
  • According to the World Bank, in 2016, Poland had a total population of 3.79 crore.
  • Poland's tallest mountain is the Rysy mountain point, which is 8,199 feet (2,499 m) high.
  • Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
  • In 1922, Gabriel Narutowicz became the first democratically elected President of Poland.
  • Located in Wroclaw, Pianica Swidnik is the oldest restaurant in Europe, open since 1275.
  • The Jagiellonian University of Kraków was founded in 1364 by King Casimir III the Great and is the oldest university in Poland and the second oldest in Central Europe.
  • The 380,000-acre (150,000 ha) Białowieża primeval forest in Poland is Europe's last ancient forest.
  • The last Polish king Stanisław Poniatowski died in prison in 1798 in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Poland Important History Events

  • 30 january 1018 - The German–Polish War ended with the signing of the Peace of Bautzen between Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor and the First ruler of Poland Boleslaw II.
  • 24 november 1227 - High Duke of Poland Leszek the White was assassinated during adiet of the Piast dukes.
  • 18 march 1241 - Mongol invasion of Poland-Mongols overwhelmed the Polisharmies of Sandomierz and Kraków provinces in the Battle of Chmielnikand plundered the abandoned city of Kraków.
  • 18 march 1241 - First Mongol invasion of Poland-Mongols overwhelmed the Polisharmies of Sandomierz and Kraków provinces in the Battle of Chmielnikand plundered the abandoned city of Kraków.
  • 05 june 1257 - Kraków in Poland received city rights based on the Magdeburg Law.
  • 26 june 1295 - Przemysl II was crowned King of Poland, the first coronationof a Polish ruler in 219 years.
  • 12 may 1364 - King of Poland Casimir III issued a royal charter to establish Jagiellonian University, the nation's oldest university.
  • 04 march 1386 - Grand Duke of Lithuania Jogaila was crowned Wladyslaw IIJagiello, King of Poland, beginning the Jagiellonian dynasty.
  • 15 july 1410 - The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights in the Battle of Grunwald,the decisive engagement of the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War.
  • 01 july 1569 - The Union of Lublin was signed, merging the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, thePolish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Populated Cities of Poland

Inowroclaw, Lodz, Krakow, Gdansk, Bytom, Wroclaw, Poznan, Elk, Gliwice, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Gdynia, Bialystok, Katowice, Rzeszow, Kielce, Olsztyn, Warsaw, Opole, Elblag, Zielona Gora, Koszalin, Grudziadz, Gorzow Wielkopolski,

9 Neighbour countries of Poland

Belarus [L] , Czech Republic [L] , Denmark [M] , Germany [LM] , Lithuania [L] , Russia [LM] , Slovakia [L] , Sweden [M] , Ukraine [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of Poland

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
18671934Marie Curie / Female / Scientist / Poland

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