Sweden History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Sweden has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Sweden and important events related to Sweden history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Sweden Country Profile

CountrySweden
CapitalStockholm
CurrencySwedish krona
ContinentEurope
FounderGustav I of Sweden, Birger Jarl

Sweden History

Germanic people have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times. In the early 12th century it became an independent Swedish country, after the Black Death in the mid-14th century about a third of the Scandinavian population died, and in the year 1397 the Scandinavian Kalmar Union was formed but left Sweden in the year 1523. When Sweden joined the Thirty Years' War on the reformist side, its territories began to expand and eventually the Swedish Empire was formed. It became one of the great powers of Europe by the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian peninsula were gradually lost during the 189s and 19th centuries, the last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was forced into a personal union, which in 1905 I was disturbed by peace.

Sweden Geography

Situated in northern Europe, Sweden lies west of the Baltic Sea and in the Gulf of Bothonia. On the west side of the country is the Scandinavian mountain range (Scanderna), a category that separates Sweden from Norway. Finland is located to its northeast. It has maritime borders with Denmark, Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. It is also connected to Denmark (southwest) by Bridgeresund Bridge. Its border with Norway (1,619 km long) is the longest uninterrupted border within Europe. Sweden has a total area of ​​449,964 km2 (173,732 sq mi), Sweden is the 55th largest country in the world, the 4th largest in Europe as a whole, and the largest in Northern Europe.

Sweden Economy

Sweden is the seventh richest country in the world in terms of GDP per capita, and its citizens experience high living standards. Sweden has an export-oriented mixed economy. Wood, hydropower and iron ore are the major resources received. Sweden accounts for 50% of production and exports in the engineering sector, while telecommunications, automotive industry and pharmaceutical industries are also important sectors. Sweden is the ninth largest arms exporter in the world. Agriculture accounts for 2% of GDP and employment.

Sweden Language

The official language of Sweden is Swedish, a Northern Germanic language, which is related and similar to Danish and Norwegian, but differs in pronunciation and orthography. Along with Finnish, four other minority languages have also been recognized: Michenkili, Sami, Romani, and Yiddish. Swedish became the official language of Sweden on 1 July 2009.

Sweden Important Facts

  • Sweden is officially called the Kingdom of Sweden. It is a country located in the north of the continent of Europe.
  • Sweden borders Norway to the west and north, Finland to the east and Denmark to the south.
  • The total area of ​​Sweden is 450,295 sq km. (173,860 square miles).
  • Sweden is the third largest country in the European Union by area.
  • Around 65 per cent of Sweden's total land area is covered by jungles.
  • The official language of Sweden is Swedish.
  • The Swedish currency is the Swedish krona.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Sweden in 2016 was 99 million.
  • Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, after the Cold War.
  • The highest mountain in Sweden is Kebnekaise, which has an altitude of 2,111 meters (6,926 ft).
  • Sweden is the ninth largest arms exporter in the world.
  • Sweden is the fourth most competitive economy in the world according to the World Economic Forum in the Global Economic Competitiveness Report 2012-2013.
  • Sweden was the first country in the world to ban smacking of children in 1979.
  • Sweden was the first country in the world to introduce standardized time, which was necessary to make train tables understandable.
  • Pacemakers, ultrasounds, matchbox astronomical lenses, marine propellers, refrigerators, and computer mice were all invented in Sweden or by citizens living in Sweden.

Sweden Important History Events

  • 12 august 1323 - Sweden and the Novgorod Republic signed the Treaty of Nöteborgto temporarily end the Swedish–Novgorodian Wars.
  • 20 april 1535 - The appearance of sun dogs over Stockholm, Sweden, inspired the painting Vädersolstavlan, the oldest colour depiction of the city.
  • 30 October 1611 - Gustaf II Adolf became King of Sweden at the age of 17.
  • 16 November 1632 - Maharaja Adelf of Sweden was killed.
  • 12 September 1635 - Sweden and Poland signed a cease-fire treaty.
  • 30 july 1656 - Led by King Charles X Gustav, the armies of Sweden and Brandenburg defeated the forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth near Warsaw.
  • 08 march 1658 - After a devastating defeat in the Northern Wars, King Frederick III of Denmark–Norway was forced to give up nearly half his Danish territory to Sweden to save the rest.
  • 13 february 1660 - The five-year-old Charles XI became King of Sweden.
  • 03 May 1660 - Sweden, Polar and Austria signed the Olva peace deal. The Treaty or Peace of Oliva was one of the peace treaties that ended the Second Northern War (1655–1660). The Treaty of Oliva in the same year, and the Treaty of Copenhagen, and the Treaty of Cardis in the following year marked the high point of the Swedish Empire.
  • 23 April 1660 - The Oliva Treaty was agreed between Sweden and Poland.

Populated Cities of Sweden

Orebro, Linkoping, Helsingborg, Jonkoping, Norrkoping, Umea, Karlstad, Sundsvall, Gavle, Boras, Vaxjo, Halmstad, Goteborg, Lulea, Ostersund, Trollhattan, Borlange, Falun, Karlskrona, Kalmar, Kristianstad, Skelleftea, Ornskoldsvik, Nykoping, Malmo, Visby, Vannersborg, Kiruna, Harnosand, Mariestad, Bollnas, Uppsala, Stockholm, Vasteraas, Uppsala,

9 Neighbour countries of Sweden

Denmark [M] , Estonia [M] , Finland [LM] , Germany [M] , Latvia [M] , Lithuania [M] , Norway [LM] , Poland [M] , Russia [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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