1942 in History – What happened in year 1942

✅ Published on April 8th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1942 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1942.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1942 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
16 januaryTWA Flight 3 crashes into Potosi Mountain in Nevada, killing actress Carole Lombard and all of the other 21 people on board.
31 januarySecond World War: Allied forces retreated from British Malaya to Singapore, ceding control of the country to Japan.
01 februaryVoice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States federal government, began broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers during World War II.
18 februaryWorld War II-The Imperial Japanese Army began the systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among Chinese Singaporeans.
19 februarySecond World War-In the largest attacks mounted by a foreign power against Australia, more than 240 bombers and fighters of the Imperial Japanese Navy bombed Darwin, Northern Territory.
19 februaryWorld War II: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, authorizing the forcible relocation of over 112, 000 Japanese Americans and Japanese people residing in the United States to nternment camps.
28 marchSecond World War-In occupied France, British naval force successfully disabled the key port of Saint-Nazaire.
05 aprilSecond World War-Carrier-based aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy conducted the Easter Sunday Raid on Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)and the British Eastern Fleet in an attempt to drive the Commonwealth naval force from the Indian Ocean.
09 aprilWorld War II-Japanese forces defeated Allied troops at the Battle of Bataan on the Bataan Peninsula in the Philippines before beginning to forcibly transfer more than 90,000 prisoners of war to prison camps in the Bataan Death March.
17 aprilWorld War II-Captured French General Henri Giraud escaped from German captivity in the Königstein Castle.
23 aprilSecond World War-In retaliation for the Royal Air Force Bombing of Lübeck several weeks prior, the Luftwaffe began a series of bombing raids in England, starting with Exeter.
02 mayOn May 2, 1942 1st Burma Division attacked Japanese 33rd Infantry Division at Monywa in the World War II, which was a unsuccessful attempt and push it back towards Alon. After two days Japanese troops occupied Bhamo, Burma.
03 maySecond World War-Japanese forces began invading Tulagi and nearby islands in the Solomon Islands, enabling them to threaten and interdict the supply and communication routes between the United States and Australia and New Zealand.
04 mayWorld War II-The Imperial Japanese Navy engaged Allied navalforces at the Battle of the Coral Sea, the first fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other.
12 mayWorld War II-Soviet forces under Marshal Semyon Timoshenkolaunched a major offensive in the eastern Ukraine, only to be encircledand destroyed by German troops two weeks later.
23 mayMexico President Manuel Avila Camacho declared war on the Axis powers on May 22, 1942 as a part of World War II, following the attacks on Mexican oil tankers by German submarines.
27 mayCzech fighters resisting Nazis in Prague ambushed and mortally wounded Reinhard Heydrich, the chief of Reich Security Main Office and the Protector of Bohemia and Moravia.
29 mayBing Crosby recorded his version of the song 'White Christmas',which went on to become the best-selling single of all time, with over50 million copies sold.
30 mayWorld War II: One thousand British bombers launched a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany. The German city of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II. A total of 34,711 long tons of bombs were dropped on the city by the RAF.
01 juneSecond World War-The crews of three Japanese Ko-hyoteki classsubmarines scuttled and committed suicide after entering Sydney Harbourand launching a failed attack.
05 juneUSA announced war on Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary during World War 2. The declaration of war was a response to the tripartite pact signed by these three nations. Tripartite pact was a military alliance pact mainly comprised of Germany, Italy and Japan during World War 2. These countries were already indulged in war with USA and its allies.
07 juneBattle of midway ended. It was a naval battle on the pacific between japan and USA. This battle is listed among the best naval battles of history. USA defeated the Japan causing many irreparable damages. It was a decisive victory of USA.
12 juneOn her thirteenth birthday, Anne Frank began keeping her diaryduring the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
28 juneWorld War II-The German Wehrmacht launched Case Blue, astrategic summer offensive intended to knock the Soviet Union out of thewar.
10 julyAn American naval airman discovered a downed Mitsubishi A6MZero on Akutan Island, Alaska, US, which was used to devise aerialtactics against it.
18 julyGerman engineers test flew the Messerschmitt Me 262 with jetengines for the first time.
23 julyThe Holocaust-The gas chambers at Treblinka extermination campbegan operation, killing 6,500 Jews who had been transported from the War saw Ghetto the day before.
07 augustWorld War II-U.S. Marines initiated the first Americanoffensive of the Guadalcanal campaign with landings on Guadalcanal andTulagi in the Solomon Islands.
08 augustFollowing a speech by Mohandas K. Gandhi, the All IndiaCongress Committee passed the Quit India Resolution, calling for theimmediate independence of India from the United Kingdom.
11 augustActress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil received apatent for their 'Secret Communications System', an early technique offrequency-hopping spread spectrum that later became the basis for manyforms of today's wireless communication systems.

Famous birthdays in the year 1942:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 NovemberMarcia Wallace / Actress / United States of America
01 OctoberDavid Stancliffe / Scholar / United Kingdom
02 AprilRoshan Seth / Actor / United Kingdom
04 DecemberBob Mosley / Writer / United States of America
05 NovemberPierangelo Bertoli / Writer / Italy
07 March Michael Eisner / Business Man / United States of America
08 March Dick Allen / Baseball Player / United States of America
08 JulyPhil Gramm / Politician / United States of America
09 March John Cale / Writer / United Kingdom
10 JuneChantal Goya / Actress / France
11 January Clarence Clemons / Actor / United States of America
15 JuneJohn E. McLaughlin / Diplomat / United States of America
19 MayRobert Kilroy-Silk / Politician / United Kingdom
20 JulyPete Hamilton / Race Car Racer / United States of America
20 AugustFred Norman / Baseball Player / United States of America
21 MayJohn Konrads / Swimmer / Australia
25 DecemberBarry Goldberg / Writer / United States of America
26 AprilSharon Carstairs / Politician / Canada
29 OctoberBob Ross / Painter / United States of America
30 JuneRobert Ballard / Lieutenant / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1942:

YearName / Profession / Country
19 MayLal Thanhawla / Politician / India
09 FebruaryRajkumar Jayachandra Singh / Politician / India
01 JanuaryBaleshwar Yadav / Singer / India
14 JanuaryYogesh Kumar Sabharwal / Lawyer / India
29 DecemberRajesh Khanna / Actor / India
23 MayKovelamudi Raghavendra Rao / Writer / India
21 JulyMallikarjun Kharge / Politician / India
24 DecemberIndra Bania / Actor / India
01 MarchRamesh Upadhyay / Writer / India
21 March Patcha Ramachandra Rao / Educator / India
11 OctoberAmitabh Bachchan / Actor / India
07 AprilJitendra / Actor / India
14 NovemberMamoni Raisom Goswami / Writer / India
11 OctoberAmitabh Bachchan / Actor / India
27 DecemberAlbert Ekka / Soldier / India
24 February Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak / Philosopher / India
11 MarchAmarinder Singh / Politician / India
17 JuneBhagat Singh Koshyari / Politician / India
02 OctoberAsha Parekh / Actress / India
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