List of world's major countries and their national monuments

What are the monuments called? 

A monument is a structure built to remind people of a famous person or event.

Which monument is called the National Monument of India?

India Gate, originally called the All India War Memorial, is the national monument of India. It is a memorial built in memory of 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died during 1914-21 and is located in New Delhi. A national monument of a country is a monument that has been erected in memory of a very important event (eg: a war or the founding of a country) favorable to the history, politics or people of that country. Often depicted as a monumental symbol of the entire nation, its people, its culture and its national ideology. The national monument is considered a symbol of the country's culture, honor and ideology and an integral part of the national identity. Let us know about the national monuments of major countries:-

List of countries of the world and their national monuments:


National Memorial Where Country Name
Christ the Redeemer Statue Rio de Janeiro Brazil
Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, believed to be the second largest Art Deco statue in the world. And it is one of the tallest statues of its kind in the world. As a symbol of Christianity, this statue has become an identity of Rio and Brazil. It was constructed between 1922 and 1931.
Kremlin Moscow Russia
The fortresses that were built in various cities of Russia during the feudal era are called Kremlin. These forts were made of wooden or stone walls and bastions were made on top for the purpose of protection. These forts were the religious and administrative centers of Russian citizens in the medieval period, as a result, palaces, churches, government buildings and markets were built within these forts. It was built around 492 AD with pink colored bricks. Inside it there are many buildings made of different periods.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa Pisa Italy
The 'Leaning Tower of Pisa' in Italy is considered a wonderful piece of architecture. Since its construction, the tower has been continuously leaning downwards and because of this bending, it has been famous all over the world. Bonebras was the architect of the eight-storied Leaning Tower of Pisa, built in 1173 AD.
The Great Wall North China China
The Great Wall of China is a fortification wall made of mud and stone that was built by various rulers of China from the 5th century BC to the 16th century to protect against northern invaders.  This man-made structure can also be seen from space. This wall is 6,400  spread over an area of kilometres. It is believed that around 20 to 30 lakh people had given their lives in this Great Wall construction project.
Parthenon Athens Greece
The Parthenon is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena, whom the Athenians considered their patron deity. Its construction began in 447 BC. And like Greek temples, the Parthenon was used as a treasury.
Imperial Palace Tokyo Japan
The Tokyo Imperial Palace is the main residence of the Emperor of Japan. It is a large park-like area located in the Chiyoda district of the Chiyoda ward of Tokyo and contains several buildings including the main palace, some of the residences of the imperial family, an archive, museum, and administrative offices.< /td>
Statue of Liberty New York United States of America
The Statue of Liberty is a giant statue located in New York Harbor. This copper statue is 151 feet tall, but together with the post and the foundation stone, it is 305 feet high. One has to climb 354 spiral stairs to reach the crown of the 22-storeyed idol. Every day 12 to 14 thousand people come to see this idol.
Opera House Sydney Australia
Performance center located at the Sydney Opera House, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia The Laos have a multi-spatial center. It was conceived by the Danish architect Jorn Utzon and he also got most of its construction done. For this, Jorn Utzon was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, architecture's highest honor, in 2003.
Pyramid Giza Egypt
Egyptian pyramids are memorial sites built for the erstwhile pharaohs (emperors) in which the bodies of the kings were buried and kept safe. These dead bodies are called mummies. Food, drink, clothing, jewelry, utensils, musical instruments, weapons, animals, and sometimes even female servants were buried with their bodies.
Eiffel Tower Paris France
Eiffel Tower  There is an iron tower located in Paris, the capital of France. It was built in 1887-1889 in Champs-de-Mars on the banks of the Seine River in Paris.  The tower is one of the remarkable constructions in the world and a symbol of French culture. The Eiffel Tower is designed by Gustave Eiffel. When the Eiffel Tower was built, it was the tallest building in the world.
Windmill Kinderdijk Denmark
Wind mill is the device by which motion energy is converted into electrical energy, the use of which is called wind energy. This energy is a renewable energy. Denmark was a leader in developing commercial wind power during the 1970s, and today a large proportion of wind turbines around the world are produced by Danish manufacturers.
Taj Mahal Agra India
The Taj Mahal is a World Heritage mausoleum located in the city of Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is an excellent example of Mughal architecture. Its architectural style is a unique fusion of elements from Persian, Ottoman, Indian and Islamic architecture. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Along with this, it was described as one of the best human works of world heritage, which has been praised everywhere. The Taj Mahal has also been declared the jewel of Islamic art in India.


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  Last update :  Mon 29 May 2023
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