Greece History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Greece has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Greece and important events related to Greece history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Greece Country Profile

FounderAlexander the Great

Greece History

Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilization, the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, history, political science, major scientific and mathematical theories, Western drama, and the Olympic Games. From the eighth century BCE, the Greeks were organized into various independent city-states in the late eighteenth century, the diaspora of the notion of a Greek nation tracing its existence in ancient Greece due to an increase in secular education during the modern Greek Enlightenment. The Greeks had a revival, different from other Orthodox people, and an authority.

Greece Geography

Located in southern and southeast Europe, Greece has a mountainous, peninsular mainland that flows into the sea at the southern end of the Balkans, ending on the Peloponnese peninsula. Eighty percent of Greece has mountains or hills, which makes the country the most mountainous in Europe. Makes one of the localities. Mount Olympus, the mythological abode of the Greek gods, is the highest peak in the country at 2,918 meters, the Myticus peak. Greece has a predominantly Mediterranean climate, with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. This climate occurs at all coastal locations, including Athens, the Cyclades, Dodecani, Crete, Peloponnese, the Ionian Islands, and parts of the central continental Greece region.

Greece Economy

According to 2013 World Bank data, Greece's economy is the 43rd largest by nominal GDP at $ 242 billion and the 52nd largest by purchasing power parity (PPP) at $ 284 billion. Additionally, Greece is the 15th largest economy in the 27-member European Union. In terms of per capita income, Greece ranks 38th or 40th in the world at $ 21,910 respectively and $ 25,705 for nominal GDP and PPP. The Greek economy is classified as advanced and high-income.

Greece Language

The Greek language has given many words to modern English and other European languages. Because of their superiority in technical fields, many European words in the technical field are derived from Greek language roots. Due to this they have come in other languages also.

Greece Important Facts

  • Greece, officially called the Greek Republic, is a country in the continent of Europe.
  • Greecegained independence from the Ottoman Empire on 25 March 1821.
  • The total area of ​​Greeceis 131,957 sq km. (50,949 square miles).
  • The official language of Greeceis Greek.
  • The name of the currency of Greeceis Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Greecein 2016 was 1.07 crore.
  • Greeceranks third in the world in olive production. The Greeks have cultivated olive trees since ancient times. Olive trees planted in the thirteenth century still produce olives.
  • Greeceranks first among sea sponge producing countries.
  • The first Olympic Games were held in Olympia near Greece's southwest coast in 776 BC.
  • About 7% of all marble produced in the world comes from Greece.
  • About 16.5 million tourists visit Greece every year, which is more than the entire population of the country. Tourism constitutes about 16% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Greece has more archaeological museums than any other country in the world.
  • Greece has the largest number of wildlife species in the continent of Europe, including 116 species of mammals, 18 amphibians, 59 reptiles, 240 birds and 107 fish.
  • No point in Greece is more than 85 miles (137 kilometers) above water. Greece has 9,000 miles of coastline, the 10th longest in the world.
  • Greek workers get at least one month of paid vacation every year.

Greece Important History Events

  • 02 august 338 - A Macedonian army defeated the combined forces of Athens andThebes at the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony over themajority of Ancient Greece.
  • 12 september 490 - Greco-Persian Wars-Athenians and their Plataean alliesturned back the first Persian invasion of Greece in the Battle of Marathon.
  • 15 march 1311 - The Catalan Company defeated Walter V, Count of Brienne in theBattle of Halmyros and took control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusaderstate in Greece.
  • 22 february 1316 - The forces of the infante Ferdinand of Majorca fought againstthose loyal to Princess Matilda of Hainaut in the Battle of Picotin onthe Peloponnese peninsula in Greece.
  • 13 january 1822 - The design of the current flag of Greece was adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus for their naval flag.
  • 13 January 1822 - The design of the country's modern flag was adopted by the National Assembly of Greece for their first naval flag in Epidador.
  • 04 March 1823 - In the war between the Osmani regime and Greece, the Greek army massacred 12 thousand Muslims in the city of Tripoliza.
  • 03 February 1830 - Greece's sovereignty was confirmed in the London Protocol.
  • 24 may 1832 - The First Kingdom of Greece was declared in the London Conference. The Kingdom of Greece was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers, the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire. It was internationally recognized by the Treaty of Constantinople, where it also secured full independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 07 May 1832 - Greece gained independence, Bavaria was elected emperor.

Populated Cities of Greece

Sitia, Ioanina, Thessaloniki, Hania, Agrinio, Chalkida, Kalamata, Kavala, Rodos, Seres, Katerini, Alexandroupoli, Polygyros, Xanthi, Lamia, Piraievs, Komatini, Kerkira, Athens, Mitilini, Tripoli, Hios, Pirgos, Kos, Patra, Sparti, Iraklio, Larissa, Ermoupoli, Volos, Kozani,

8 Neighbour countries of Greece

Albania [LM] , Bulgaria [L] , Cyprus [M] , Egypt [M] , Italy [M] , Libya [M] , Macedonia [L] , Turkey [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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