Japan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Japan and important events related to Japan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Japan Country Profile
Japan has been inhabited since the Palaeolithic period (30,000 BCE), although the first mention of the archipelago is found in Chinese chronology from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan were integrated into Heian-ki under an emperor and his royal court. Started in the 12th century, political power was held by a series of military dictators (Shagun) and feudal lords (Damayyo), and exerted by a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long civil war, the country was reunited in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which implemented a separatist foreign policy. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to trade for the West, leading to the end of the Shogunate in 1868 and the restoration of imperial power. In the Meiji period, the Empire of Japan adopted and extended a Western-style constitution.In 1937, Japan invaded China. In 1941, it entered World War II as an axis power. After the defeat in the Pacific War and two nuclear bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under the occupation of the Allied Powers for seven years, during which it adopted a new constitution. Since 1947, Japan has maintained a bicameral legislature, a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a national diet.
Japan consists of 6,852 islands spread along the Pacific coast of Asia. It stretches 3,000 km north-east-south-west from the Okhotsk Sea to the East China Sea. The five main islands of the county, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okavawa. The Ryukyu Islands, which includes Okinawa, are a chain south of Kyushu. Nanpu Islands are to the south and east of Japan's main islands. Together they are often known as the Japanese Archipelago. As of 2019, the area of Japan is 377,975.24 km2. Japan has the sixth longest coastline in the world at 29,751 km. Due to its many remote islands, Japan has the eighth largest Special Economic Zone in the world covering 4,470,000 km2.
Japan is the third largest national economy in the world after the United States and China in terms of GDP, and the United States, after China and India, is the fourth largest national economy in the world in terms of purchasing power parity. By 2017, Japan's public debt was estimated to exceed 230 percent of its annual GDP, the largest of any country in the world. The services sector accounts for three quarters of GDP. As of 2017, Japan's labor force consisted of approximately 65 million workers. The unemployment rate in Japan is around three percent. In 2013, about 16 percent of the population was below the poverty line. Housing in Japan is characterized by limited land supply in urban areas.
More than 99 percent of the population speaks Japanese as their first language. Japanese writing uses two sets of kanji (Chinese characters) and kana (the script based on the script and the root of kanji), as well as the Latin alphabet and Arabic numerals. Public and private schools typically require students to take Japanese-language classes as well as English-language courses.
Japan Important Facts
- Japan is an archipelagic country of 6,852 islands located in the Pacific Ocean of the continent of Asia, with its immediate neighbors being Korea, China and Russia.
- The citizens of Japan address it as Nippon which means sunrise.
- The total area of Japan is 377,972 sq km. (145,936 sq mi) 97% of Japan is made up of only four islands which are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku.
- The main language of Japan is Japanese.
- The currency of Japan is named Yen and its economy is the second largest in Asia and the third largest in the world.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Japan in 2016 was 127 million.
- The religion of most people in Japan is Folk Shinto and Buddhism.
- The significant ethnic group in Japan is Japanese and Korean.
- The highest peak in Japan is Mount Fuji (Mount Hermon), which has a height of 3,776 meters.
- The longest river in Japan is the Shinano River, which has a length of 367 km.
- The largest lake in Japan is Lake Biwa which is 670.4 square kilometers. Spreads over.
- Japan's climate is predominantly temperate, but varies greatly from north to south, with average temperatures of 5.1 ° C in winter and 25.2 ° C in summer.
- Japan's tallest tower, Tokyo Skytree, has a height of 634 meters.
- Japan is the third largest automobile manufacturer in the world and Japan's Toyota Automobiles Company ranks first in the world.
- Japan has the world's highest earthquake four times a day, due to the 2011 earthquake, the Earth's rotation speed increased by 1.8 micro-seconds.
Japan Important History Events
- 11 february 660 - According to tradition, Emperor Jimmu founded Japan and established his capital in Yamato.
- 26 june 699 - En no Gyoja, the founder of the Japanese Buddhist sect known asShugendo, was exiled to Izu Oshima for witchcraft.
- 08 july 869 - An earthquake and subsequent tsunami struck the area aroundSendai, Japan, leaving sand deposits up to 4 km (2.5 mi) inland.
- 09 july 869 - An estimated magnitude 8.6 Ms earthquake and subsequent tsunamistruck the area around Sendai, Japan, leaving sand deposits up to 4 km(2.5 mi) inland.
- 30 april 1006 - SN 1006 , the brightest supernova in recorded history, first appeared in the constellation Lupus, and was then seen by observers in Switzerland, Egypt, China, Japan, and possibly North America within the next day.
- 06 August 1180 - Emperor Go Toba of Japan was born.
- 28 april 1253 - Nichiren, a Japanese monk, expounded Nam Myo?ho? Renge Kyo? for the first time and declared it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
- 11 January 1320 - Emperor Komayo of Japan was born.
- 20 september 1498 - A tsunami caused by the Meio Nankaido earthquake washed awaythe building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kotoku-in inKamakura, Japan.
- 20 july 1592 - During the first Japanese invasion of Korea, Japanese forcesled by Toyotomi Hideyoshi captured Pyongyang, although they wereultimately unable to hold it.
Populated Cities of Japan
Tsuruoka, Kitakyushu, Hamamatsu, Maizuru, Naha, Okayama, Kanoya, Kumamoto, Shizuoka, Utsunomiya, Nagano, Hachioji, Niigata, Kagoshima, Kanazawa, Otsu, Matsuyama, Tsu, Oita, Tokushima, Wakayama, Nagasaki, Gifu, Yokohama, Iwaki, Tokyo, Asahikawa, Mito, Maebashi, Koriyama, Kawagoe, Kochi, Takamatsu, Toyama, Miyazaki, Nagoya, Akita, Hakodate, Aomori, Morioka, Fukushima, Fukuoka, Yamagata, Sapporo, Fukui, Shimonoseki, Hachinohe, Sasebo, Sendai, Matsumoto, Hiroshima, Kushiro, Kofu, Kure, Nagaoka, Kyoto, Hirosaki, Tomakomai, Obihiro, Takaoka, Matsue, Muroran, Tottori, Kobe, Otaru, Kawasaki, Kitami, Osaka, Sakata, Nara, Saga, Saitama, Yamaguchi, Chiba, Tottori,
6 Neighbour countries of Japan
China [M] , Philippines [M] , Russia [M] , South Korea [M] , Taiwan [M] , United States of America [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)