Egypt History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Egypt has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Egypt and important events related to Egypt history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Egypt Country Profile

CurrencyEgyptian Pound
GroupAfrican Union, Arab League
FormationFebruary 28, 1922
FounderSaad Zaghloul

Egypt History

The history of Egypt is divided into several parts. Ancient civilization developed here, after which it was part of the Greek, Iranian, Roman and Arab empires. Ancient Egypt (BC 3100 to 525 BC), Hakhamani Egypt (BC 525 BC to 332 BC), Ptolemaic Egypt (332 BC to 30 BC), Roman Egypt (30 BC to 639 AD), Arabic Egypt (639) -1517), Osmani Egypt (from 1517 - 1805), modern Egypt has been around since 1882 AD Egypt is recognized for its ancient civilization. Famous monuments such as the Giza Pyramid Complex and the Great Sphinx are located here. The ancient ruins of Egypt such as Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of Kings which lie outside Luxor, the ruler here was known as pharaoh. This title was used in the pre-Christian and Islamic period. It is also written by Pharoah.

Egypt Geography

Egypt is officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, a country most of which however is located in North Africa while its Sinai Peninsula forms a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Thus Egypt is an intercontinental country, and is a major force in Africa, the Mediterranean region, the Middle East and the Islamic world. It has an area of ​​1010000 square kilometers and is located on the Mediterranean Sea in the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel in the northeast, the Red Sea in the east, Sudan in the south and Libya in the west.

Egypt Economy

Egypt's economy mainly depends on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas and tourism; There are also more than three million Egyptians working abroad, mainly in Libya, Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf and Europe. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1970 and the resulting Lake Nassar have replaced the Nile River's time-honored place in Egypt's agriculture and ecology. A rapidly growing population, limited arable land, and dependence on indigo are all dominating resources and emphasizing the economy.

Egypt Language

The official language here is Arabic. Languages spoken are: Egyptian Arabic (68%), Plain Arabic (29%), Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic (1.6%), Sudanese Arabic (0.6%), Domari (0.3%), Naubin (0.3%), Beja (0.1%), Sivi and others. Additionally, Greek, Armenian and Italian and, more recently, African languages such as Amharic and Tigrigna, are the main languages of immigrants.

Egypt Important Facts

  • Egypt Arab Republic is an intercontinental country, located in North Africa while its Sinai Peninsula connects Southwest Asia to the continent of Africa.
  • Egypt gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 28 February 1922, after which it declared itself Arab Republic on 18 June 1953.
  • The total area of ​​Egypt is 1,002,450 sq km. (387,048 square miles).
  • The official language of Egypt is Arabic.
  • The Egyptian currency is named Egyptian Pound.
  • According to the World Bank, its total population in 2016 is 95.69 million of which 90% of the population is Muslim.
  • Egypt is situated on the banks of the Nile River, the world's second largest river, with a length of 4,258 miles.
  • Egypt's largest pyramid is Khufu in Giza. It is also called The Great Pyramid of Giza, its height is 146 meters (479 ft).
  • Egypt receives only 1 inch of rainfall per year.
  • The national bird of Egypt is the steppe eagle.
  • The national dish of Egypt is Koshary.
  • The red color in the Egyptian flag symbolizes the struggle against British occupation, the white color the arrival of the 1952 revolution, the black color the oppression of the Egyptians at the hands of British colonialism, and the eagle of Saladin: power and strength.

Egypt Important History Events

  • 12 august 30 - Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the EgyptianPtolemaic dynasty, committed suicide, allegedly by means of an asp bite.
  • 02 september 47 - Caesarion, possibly the son of Julius Caesar, became the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, ruling jointly with his motherCleopatra.
  • 28 september 48 - Pompey the Great was assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt following a decisive defeat by JuliusCaesar at the Battle of Pharsalus.
  • 30 april 1006 - SN 1006 , the brightest supernova in recorded history, first appeared in the constellation Lupus, and was then seen by observers in Switzerland, Egypt, China, Japan, and possibly North America within the next day.
  • 26 march 1169 - Saladin was inaugurated as Emir of Egypt.
  • 11 february 1250 - Seventh Crusade-After three days of fighting, the Ayyubids successfully defended Al Mansurah, Egypt, from invading crusaders.
  • 06 april 1250 - Seventh Crusade-Egyptian Ayyubids annihilated the crusader army and captured King Louis IX of France as a hostage.
  • 24 october 1260 - Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, was assassinated by a fellow Mamluk leader, Baibars, who then seized power for himself.
  • 31 may 1279 - Ramesses II became Pharaoh of Egypt.
  • 24 april 1479 - Thutmose III became the sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, although during the first 22 years of the reign he wasco-regent with his aunt, Hatshepsut.

Populated Cities of Egypt

Beni Mazar, El Alamein, Salum, Ismailia, Bur Said, Luxor, El Mansura, Sohag, Suez, Damanhur, El Minya, Qasr Farafra, El Kharga, Beni Suef, Asyut, Alexandria, Tanta, Bur Safaga, El Faiyum, Aswan, Kom Ombo, Qena, Dumyat, Zagazig, El Tur, El Giza, Siwa, Mallawi, Rashid, Shibin el Kom, El Arish, El Qasr, Benha, Hurghada, Samalut, Kafr el Sheikh, El Daba, Girga, Cairo, Matruh, Isna, Berenice,

9 Neighbour countries of Egypt

Cyprus [M] , Greece [M] , Israel [LM] , Jordan [M] , Libya [LM] , Palestine [LM] , Saudi Arabia [M] , Sudan [LM] , Turkey [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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