1948 in History – What happened in year 1948

In history, year 1948 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1948.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1948:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
07 januaryAir National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell fatally crashed hisP-51 Mustang while in pursuit of a UFO near Fort Knox, Kentucky.
30 januaryNathuram Godse fatally shot Mahatma Gandhi, thepolitical and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement, at Birla House in Delhi.
21 februaryBill France, Sr. and several other race car drivers founded NASCAR, the governing body of stock car racing in the United States.
25 februaryFearful of civil war and Soviet intervention in recent unrest,Czechoslovakian president Edvard Beneš ceded control over thegovernment to the Communist Party.
25 marchMeteorologist at Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma City issued the world's first tornado forecast after noticing conditions similar to another tornado that had struck five days earlier.
03 aprilAn uprising began on Jeju Island, eventually leading to thedeaths of between 14,000 and 30,000 individuals due to fighting betweenits various factions, and the violent suppression of the rebellion by the South Korean army.
03 aprilThe Marshall Plan, an economic recovery program established by US Secretary of State George Marshall to assist the post-World War II re-building of Europe, was signed into law.
07 aprilThe United Nations established the World Health Organization to act as a coordinating authority on international public health.
09 aprilFighters from the Irgun and Lehi Zionist paramilitary groups attacked Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, killing over 100.
22 aprilCivil War in Mandatory Palestine-The Jewish paramilitary group Haganah captured Haifa from the Arab Liberation Army.
30 aprilTwenty-one countries signed a charter in Bogotá, Colombia,establishing the Organization of American States.
13 mayFifteen Jewish residents of Kibbutz Kfar Etzion were massacredfollowing their surrender after a two-day battle with the Arab Legionand Arab settlers.
14 mayDavid Ben-Gurion publicly read the Israeli Declaration ofIndependence at the present-day Independence Hall in Tel Aviv,officially establishing a new Jewish state in parts of the formerBritish Mandate of Palestine.
15 mayThe Australian cricket team set a first-class world record thatstill stands by scoring 721 runs in a day against Essex.
21 mayChiang Kai-shel became the first President of the Republic of China on May 20, 1948. He was the member of Kuomintang (KMT), The Chinese Nationalist Party, and served as the chairman of the National Military Council of the Republic of China for 20 years.
24 mayArab–Israeli War-After five days of fighting, Egyptianforces finally captured the Israeli community of Yad Mordechai after thedefenders had abandoned it.
29 mayCreation of the United Nations peacekeeping force -the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization. The United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) is an organization founded for peacekeeping in the Middle East. Its primary task was providing the military command structure to the peace keeping forces in the Middle East to enable the peace keepers to observe and maintain the cease-fire, and as may be necessary in assisting the parties to the Armistice Agreements.
30 mayA dike holding the Columbia River broke, causing a flood thatdestroyed Vanport, Oregon, US, only five years after it was built.
07 juneRather than sign the Ninth-of-May Constitution making hisnation a Communist state, Edvard Beneš chose to resign as President of Czechoslovakia.
09 juneInternational Council on Archives was founded under the auspices of UNESCO. It is an international N.G.O. which promotes international cooperation for archives and archivists.
20 juneLord Mountbatten resigns as the Governor General of Indian Union. He was the last Viceroy of India and the first Governor-General of the independent Dominion of India (1947–48), from which the modern Republic of India was to emerge in 1950.
21 juneThe Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine, the world'sfirst stored-program computer, ran its first computer program.
08 julyUnited States first time recruited women in United States air force. The female recruits were given limited roles to play in USAF. This program was ended in 1976 when the women were given equal rights to the men in the armed forces.
12 julyIsraeli PM ordered to expel all Palestinians from Israeli cities Lod and Ramla. This event occurred during the Israel- arab war. Around 70000 Palestinians were expelled from the region. The operation was done after the invasion of cities by Israeli Defence Forces.
12 julyArab–Israeli War-Israeli Defense Force officer Yitzhak Rabinsigned the order to expel Palestinians from the towns of Lod and Ramla.
31 julyNew York City's John F. Kennedy International Airport wasdedicated as New York International Airport.
03 augustBefore the House Un-American Activities Committee of the UnitedStates House of Representatives, former spy turned government informerWhittaker Chambers accused U.S. State Department official Alger Hiss ofbeing a communist and a Soviet spy.
18 augustAustralia completed a 4–0 Ashes series win, earning them thenickname of 'The Invincibles' for being the first Test cricket matchside to play an entire tour of England without losing a match.
11 septemberIndian troops have attacked Hyderabad in Pakistan, they surrounded the area and attacked from all sides in a quick and decisive planned attack.
12 septemberThe spread of Infantile Paralysis (Polio) is continuing to increase in many US states only in the worst affected areas will schools continue to stay closed for public health reasons.


Famous birthdays in the year 1948:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 JulyJohn Ford / Writer / United States of America
04 February Mienoumi Tsuyoshi / Wrestler / Japan
05 NovemberWilliam Daniel Phillips / Academic / United States of America
08 March Sam Lacey / Basketball Player / United States of America
08 MaySteve Braun / Baseball Player / United States of America
08 February Dan Seals / Writer / United States of America
09 AprilPatty Pravo / Singer / Italy
09 MaySteven W. Mosher / Author / United States of America
12 SeptemberSteve Turre / Educator / United States of America
13 DecemberLester Bangs / Author / United States of America
16 NovemberHorst Bertram / Footballer / Germany
17 OctoberMargot Kidder / Actress / United States of America
18 DecemberLaurent Voulzy / Writer / United Kingdom
18 AprilRégis Wargnier / Producer / France
20 JuneLudwig Scotty / Politician / Nauru
20 DecemberAlan Parsons / Producer / United Kingdom
21 JulyCat Stevens (Yusuf Islam) / Writer / United Kingdom
24 MayRichard Dembo / Writer / France
26 SeptemberOlivia Newton-John / Actress / United Kingdom
31 AugustRudolf Schenker / Writer / Germany

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1948:

YearName / Profession / Country
04 SeptemberAnant Nag / Actor / India
02 OctoberPersis Khambatta / Actress / India
11 JuneLalu Prasad Yadav / Politician / India
18 March Eknath Solkar / Cricketer / India
19 JuneOkram Ibobi Singh / Politician / India
02 JulyAlok Dhanwa / Writer / India
24 February Jayalalithaa / Politician / India
15 JanuaryBal Govind Dwivedi / Writer / India
01 JuneAruna Shanbaug Case / Nurse / India
06 NovemberLalu Prasad Yadav / Politician / India
24 FebruaryJayalalithaa / Politician / India
18 JulyArun Prakash / Writer / India
27 AprilHarish Rawat / Politician / India
14 MayBob Woolmer / Cricketer / India
09 JulyRadhabinod Koijam / Politician / India
05 JanuaryParthasarathy Sharma / Player / India
02 JuneAnjjan Shrivastav / Actor / India
25 FebruaryDanny Denzongpa / Actor / India
16 OctoberHema Malini / Politician / India
12 AugustSiddaramaiah / Politician / India

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