1953 in History – What happened in year 1953

✅ Published on April 8th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1953 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1953.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1953 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
06 januaryThe first Asian Socialist Conference, an organization of socialist political parties in Asia, opened in Rangoon, Burma, with 177 delegates, observers and fraternal guests.
13 januaryAn article published in Pravda accused some of the most prestigious physicians in the Soviet Union, mostly Jews, of taking part in a vast plot to poison members of the top Soviet political and military leadership.
14 januaryJosip Broz Tito was inaugurated as the first President of Yugoslavia.
26 marchJonas Salk announces the successful test of his polio vaccine on a small group of adults and children.
25 aprilMolecular Structure of Nucleic Acids by molecular biologistsJames Watson and Francis Crick was first published in the scientificjournal Nature, describing the discovery of the double helix structureof DNA.
15 mayDon Murphy organized the first pinewood derby, an event for CubScouts of the Boy Scouts of America where wooden cars built by thescouts are raced.
18 mayAmerican Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman pilot to go supersonic on May 18, 1953 when she flew Canadair F-86 Sabre jet aircraft and broke the sound barrier.
18 mayAt Rogers Dry Lake, California, in her Canadair Sabre, AmericanJackie Cochran became the first female pilot to break the sound barrier.
29 mayEdmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay become the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest, on Tenzing Norgay's (adopted) 39th birthday. Sir Edmund Percival Hillary was a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer and philanthropist. Tenzing Norgay born Namgyal Wangdi and often referred to as Sherpa Tenzing, was a Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer.
08 juneThe Supreme Court of United States ruled that restaurants in Washington D.C. could not refuse to serve black patrons. Earlier, blacks in America were denied of basic human rights due to racism.
18 juneA Douglas C-124 Globemaster II aircraft crashed just aftertakeoff from Tachikawa, Japan, killing all 129 people on board in thefirst aviation accident with over 100 fatalities.
19 juneAmericans Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed as spies whopassed U.S. nuclear weapons secrets to the Soviet Union.
23 juneDr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, great social reformer, politician, national leader and founder of JanSangh Party, died at Srinagar while in detention. Syama Prasad Mukherjee was an Indian politician, barrister and academician, who served as Minister for Industry and Supply in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. After falling out with Nehru, Mukherjee quit the Indian National Congress and founded the nationalist Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
26 julyFidel Castro and his brother Raúl led a group of approximately 160 rebels in an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, thus beginning the Cuban Revolution.
27 julyAn armistice was signed to end hostilities in the Korean War,officially making the Division of Korea indefinite by creating anapproximately 4 km (2.5 mi) wide demilitarized zone running across theKorean Peninsula.
10 augustFirst Indo china War-The French Union withdrew its forces from Operation Camargue against the Viet Minh in central modern-day Vietnam.
19 augustThe intelligence agencies of the United Kingdom and the United States orchestrated a coup d'état of Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh and restored the absolute monarchy of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
21 septemberNorth Korean No Kum-Sok defected with his MiG-15, inadvertentlymaking Operation Moolah, an American effort to bribe Communist pilots, asuccess.
15 octoberBritish nuclear test Totem 1 is exploded at Emu Field, South Australia.
23 octoberAlto Broadcasting System in the Philippines made the firsttelevision broadcast in Southeast Asia on DZAQ-TV.
05 novemberAccording to a revelation, Israel and Arab states had been previously cautioned that the United States could not financially support the Middle East forever. The cause of this burden was mainly because of the plans to build the Jordan River, and to aid 800,000 Israeli refugees.
13 novemberRepresentatives of the United Nation have suggested urgent direct talks to be arranged between Jordan and Israel. The underlying objective of these talks was to avoid further border clashes between these two provinces.
14 novemberU.S. President Eisenhower called in a speech to Canadian Parliament. The objective of this was to address the making of a U.S.-Canadian preventive alliance against Russia since it was reported that Russia might attack with atomic weapons.
17 novemberA collision between the Italian steamer, Vittoria Claudia and the French ore carrier, The Peroin the English Channel sinks the Vittoria Claudia leading to the death of 20 Italian seamen.
06 decemberVladimir Nabokov completed his controversial novel Lolita, fiveyears after starting it.
24 decemberOn New Zealand's North Island, at Tangiwai, a railway bridge was damaged by a lahar and collapsed beneath a passenger train, killing 151 people.
29 MayEdmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay became the first to reach Mount Everest.
02 JuneQueen Elizabeth II was crowned on the British throne.
21 JuneThe only Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, who was elected twice consecutively in the history of Pakistan, was born. She was also the first Prime Minister of any Islamic country.
26 JulyThe successful revolution began in Cuba under the leadership of Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro.


Famous birthdays in the year 1953:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 AugustHoward Kurtz / Author / United States of America
01 JulyLawrence Gonzi / Politician / Malta
04 OctoberAndreas Vollenweider / Harp Player / Switzerland
04 SeptemberFatih Terim / Footballer / Turkey
04 JunePaul Samson / Producer / United Kingdom
05 OctoberRoy Laidlaw / Rugby Player / Scotland
05 JulyCaryn Navy / Scientist / United States of America
06 MayAlexander Akimov / Chernobyl Worker / Ukraine
06 JulyRobert Ménard / Politician / France
08 MayBilly Burnette / Writer / United States of America
12 DecemberRafael Septién / Footballer / United States of America
13 March Andy Bean / Golfer / United States of America
15 OctoberTito Jackson / Writer / United States of America
15 March Richard Bruton / Politician / Ireland
16 MayDavid Maclean / Politician / Scotland
20 AugustGerry Bertier / Footballer / United States of America
21 DecemberBetty Wright / Writer / United States of America
25 March Haroon Rasheed / Cricketer / Pakistan
26 MayDan Roundfield / Basketball Player / United States of America
27 AugustTom Berryhill / Politician / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1953:

YearName / Profession / Country
18 MarchDevaragunda Venkappa Sadananda G / Politician / India
27 MayPreeti Ganguly / Actress / India
07 NovemberSuresh Prabhu / Politician / India
20 FebruarySrikantadatta Narasimharaja Wadiyar / Emperor / India
11 JulySuresh Prabhu / Politician / India
27 SeptemberMata Amritanandamayi / Spritual Leader / India
14 DecemberVijay Amritraj / Tennis Player / India
18 MarchD. V. Sadanand Gowda / Politician / India
13 MayMahesh Manjrekar / Actor / India
04 MayTinnu Anand / Actor / India
08 NovemberNand Kumar Patel / Politician / India
23 March Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw / Zoologist / India
23 JanuaryAchal Kumar Jyoti / Civil Servant / India
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