Congo History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Congo has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Congo and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
Centered on the Congo Basin, the DRC region first settled in the Central African forests around 90,000 years ago and reached the Bantu expansion about 3,000 years ago. The Congo gained independence from Belgium on 30 June 1960 under the name of the Republic of Congo. Congo nationalist Patrice Lumba was elected the first Prime Minister, while Joseph Casa-Vubu became the first President.
The Democratic Republic of Congo is a country located in the middle of the continent of Africa, some of its territory meets the dark ocean. In terms of area, this country is the third largest country in the continent of Africa. The country is often called DR Congo, DRC, or the capital Kinshasa, after the name of Congo-Kinshasa, to distinguish it from the neighboring country of the Republic of Congo. The name Congo is named after the Congo River, also known as the Zaire River. Congo may be located in Central Africa, but it is economically and regionally connected to South Africa thanks to an organization called the South African Development Community (SADC). It is bordered on the north by the Central African Republic and Sudan, on the east by Uganda, Rwanda and Angola, on the west by the Republic of Congo. Formerly the Tanganyika Lake separates this country from Tanzania.
The central bank of the Congo serves as the primary form of currency in the Democratic Republic of Congo. In 2007, the World Bank decided to grant up to $ 1.3 billion to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in aid funds over the next three years. The citizens of Congo are among the poorest people on earth. DR Congo has one of the lowest or almost per capita GDP per capita in the world. The DRC is also one of the twenty lowest ranked countries on the Corruption Perception Index.
French is the official language of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is culturally accepted as the lingua franca facilitating communication between the Congo's many different ethnic groups. According to the 2014 OIF report, 33 million Congo people (47% of the population) could read and write in French. In the capital city of Kinshasa, 67% of the population can read and write French, and 68.5% can speak and understand it.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a country located in the middle of Africa, some of its land derives from the Atlantic Ocean, it got the name Congo from the Congo River, also known as the Zaire River.
It is bordered by Uganda, Rwanda and Angola in the east, Republic of Congo in the west and Central African Republic and Sudan in the north. Formerly the Tanganyika Lake separates this country from Tanzania.
The Democratic Republic of Congo became independent on 30 June 1960.
Just four days after independence, the army uprising began, due to the anger of the African soldiers that despite independence, the officers of the Congo army are white people without exception.
The Democratic Republic of Congo is the third largest country in the continent of Africa by area, with a total area of 2,344,858 sq km. (905,355 sq mi).
The official language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is French and some regional languages recognized there as Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili, Shiluba are also spoken.
The name of the currency of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is Congolis Franc.
Congo's national dish is Chicken in a Moambe Sauce.
The highest mountain in the Congo is Mount Stanley, which has a height of 5,109 meters (16,763 ft).
The Democratic Republic of Congo is also known as DR Congo, DRC, Congo-Kinshasa which separates it from the neighboring country of Republic of Congo.
Virunga National Park of Congo is the oldest national park in Africa, home to rare mountain gorillas, lions and elephants.
In the Congo flag, the blue color symbolizes hope and the sky, the red stripe symbolizes the blood of the logo, the yellow stripe symbolizes prosperity and the star symbolizes unity.
The most famous Congo rainforest tribe is the Pygmy tribe and the Luba people, also known as the Balaba, are the largest ethnic group in the Congo.
The people of Congo enjoy the rainy season from March to June in a tropical climate.
The First Congo War in Congo lasted from 1996 to 1997 and the Second Congo War lasted from August 1998 to July 2003.
23 November 1892 - Belgium defeated Arabia in the Battle of Lomani Congo. About 3000 people died in the war.
04 November 1911 - The agreement between France and Germany on the African countries of Morocco and Congo was signed.
11 July 1960 - The Congo state separated from the Congo during the Congo crisis. This was a period that included many types of civil war. This happened just after the independence of Congo from Belgium. The opposite parties who were fighting in the war had the support of both the US and the Soviet Union during the Cold War period.
17 January 1961 - Former Congolese Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba was murdered in circumstances suggesting the support and complicity of the government of Belgium and the United States.
21 January 1963 - Following a period of chaos in Congo-Léopoldville and United Nations intervention, the secession of Katanga came to an end.
15 August 1963 - After the three -day rebellion in the President Fulbert YouLOU capital, the Republic of Congo was overthrown.
24 November 1966 - The first TV station opened in Kinsasa, the capital of Congo.
27 October 1971 - DRC (Congo Democratic Republic) Zaire has been re -organized.
08 February 1979 - Denis Sassou Nguesso was chosen as the new President of the Republic of the Congo after Joachim Yhombi-Opango was forced from power.