Democratic Republic of the Congo History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Democratic Republic of the Congo has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and important events related to Democratic Republic of the Congo history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Country Profile

CountryDemocratic Republic of the Congo
CapitalKinshasa
CurrencyCongolese franc
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationJune 30, 1960
FounderPatrice Lumumba

Democratic Republic of the Congo History

Centered on the Congo Basin, the DRC region first settled in the Central African forests around 90,000 years ago and reached the Bantu expansion about 3,000 years ago. The Congo gained independence from Belgium on 30 June 1960 under the name of the Republic of Congo. Congo nationalist Patrice Lumba was elected the first Prime Minister, while Joseph Casa-Vubu became the first President.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Geography

The Democratic Republic of Congo is a country located in the middle of the continent of Africa, some of its territory meets the dark ocean. In terms of area, this country is the third largest country in the continent of Africa. The country is often called DR Congo, DRC, or the capital Kinshasa, after the name of Congo-Kinshasa, to distinguish it from the neighboring country of the Republic of Congo. The name Congo is named after the Congo River, also known as the Zaire River. Congo may be located in Central Africa, but it is economically and regionally connected to South Africa thanks to an organization called the South African Development Community (SADC). It is bordered on the north by the Central African Republic and Sudan, on the east by Uganda, Rwanda and Angola, on the west by the Republic of Congo. Formerly the Tanganyika Lake separates this country from Tanzania.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Economy

The central bank of the Congo serves as the primary form of currency in the Democratic Republic of Congo. In 2007, the World Bank decided to grant up to $ 1.3 billion to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in aid funds over the next three years. The citizens of Congo are among the poorest people on earth. DR Congo has one of the lowest or almost per capita GDP per capita in the world. The DRC is also one of the twenty lowest ranked countries on the Corruption Perception Index.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Language

French is the official language of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is culturally accepted as the lingua franca facilitating communication between the Congo's many different ethnic groups. According to the 2014 OIF report, 33 million Congo people (47% of the population) could read and write in French. In the capital city of Kinshasa, 67% of the population can read and write French, and 68.5% can speak and understand it.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Important Facts

  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a country located in the middle of Africa, some of its land derives from the Atlantic Ocean, it got the name Congo from the Congo River, also known as the Zaire River.
  • It is bordered by Uganda, Rwanda and Angola in the east, Republic of Congo in the west and Central African Republic and Sudan in the north. Formerly the Tanganyika Lake separates this country from Tanzania.
  • The Democratic Republic of Congo became independent on 30 June 1960.
  • Just four days after independence, the army uprising began, due to the anger of the African soldiers that despite independence, the officers of the Congo army are white people without exception.
  • The Democratic Republic of Congo is the third largest country in the continent of Africa by area, with a total area of ​​2,344,858 sq km. (905,355 sq mi).
  • The official language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is French and some regional languages ​​recognized there as Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili, Shiluba are also spoken.
  • The name of the currency of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is Congolis Franc.
  • Congo's national dish is Chicken in a Moambe Sauce.
  • The highest mountain in the Congo is Mount Stanley, which has a height of 5,109 meters (16,763 ft).
  • The Democratic Republic of Congo is also known as DR Congo, DRC, Congo-Kinshasa which separates it from the neighboring country of Republic of Congo.
  • Virunga National Park of Congo is the oldest national park in Africa, home to rare mountain gorillas, lions and elephants.
  • In the Congo flag, the blue color symbolizes hope and the sky, the red stripe symbolizes the blood of the logo, the yellow stripe symbolizes prosperity and the star symbolizes unity.
  • The most famous Congo rainforest tribe is the Pygmy tribe and the Luba people, also known as the Balaba, are the largest ethnic group in the Congo.
  • The people of Congo enjoy the rainy season from March to June in a tropical climate.
  • The First Congo War in Congo lasted from 1996 to 1997 and the Second Congo War lasted from August 1998 to July 2003.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Important History Events

  • 27 october 1971 - The DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo) has been rechristened Zaire.
  • 08 november 2008 - Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations arranges a meeting with the leaders of Africa to discuss and deliberate resolutions to the current Kivu conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 18 november 2008 - War crimes are conveyed in the Nord-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo after a truce is broken and fighting recommences, leading to the death of at least 100 civilians.
  • 09 december 2008 - The peace talks between the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the National Congress for the Defense of the People that are to be arbitrated by the United Nations have begun.
  • 24 december 2008 - The Lord's Resistance Army, a Ugandan rebel group, began attacks on several villages in Haut-Uele District, Democratic Republic Of the Congo, resulting in at least 400 deaths and numerous atrocities.
  • 27 january 2012 - The main opposition leader of the Democratic Republic of the Congo condemns parliamentary election as rigged. He calls for a strike in protest of his house arrest.

9 Neighbour countries of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Angola [LM] , Burundi [L] , Central African Republic [L] , Republic of the Congo [LM] , Rwanda [L] , South Sudan [L] , Tanzania [L] , Uganda [L] , Zambia [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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