Tanzania History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Tanzania has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Tanzania and important events related to Tanzania history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Tanzania Country Profile

CurrencyTanzanian shilling
GroupAfrican Union
FormationApril 26, 1964
FounderJulius Nyerere

Tanzania History

Many important hominid fossils were found in Tanzania, including 6 million-year-old Pliocene hominid fossils (Pliocene hominid fossils), such as the 6 million-year-old Pliocene hominid fossils. The genus Australopithecus was all over Africa 4 to 2 million years ago; And the remains of Old Homo have been found near Oldudai Lake. This shows that the history of humans here is 1.8 million years old.

It also once inhabited eastern Cushitic peoples, who migrated from Tanzana north to Tanzania about 2,000 and 4,000 years ago, and southern Nilots, including Datoog humans, who lived between 2,900 and 2,400 years ago in South Sudan. - Ethiopia came from the border region. But later they migrated to the rest of Tanzania.

German rule finally began in mainland Tanzania during the late 19th century when Germany formed German East Africa. This was followed by British rule after the First World War. The mainland was governed as Tanzanika, with the Zanzibar Islands remaining a separate colonial jurisdiction. After their respective independence in 1961 and 1963, in 1964 the two institutions merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania. The country joined the British Commonwealth in 1961 and Tanzania is still a member of the Commonwealth as a republic.

Tanzania Geography

Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa and the 31st largest in the world, situated between Egypt and small Nigeria. It borders Kenya and Uganda to the north. Tanzania is located in the Congo Democratic Republic to the west of the country, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. Tanzania is located on the eastern coast of Africa and the Indian Ocean coastline is approximately 1,424 kilometers long. It also includes many offshore islands. Kalombo Falls, located in the southwestern region of Rukwa, is Africa's second highest uninterrupted waterfall, and is located near the southeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika, bordering with Zambia.

Tanzania Economy

As of 2018, Tanzania's gross domestic product (GDP) was estimated at $ 56.7 billion, or $ 176.5 billion based on a purchasing power parity (PPP), according to the IMF. But from 2009 to 2013, Tanzania's per capita GDP grew (on a constant local currency basis) by an average of 3.5% per year, and more than any other member of the East African Community (EAC). The largest trading partners of US $ 5.3 billion in exports to Tanzania in 2017 were India, Vietnam, South Africa, Switzerland and China. In 2020, the World Bank announced the rise of the Tanzanian economy from low income to low middle income country.

Tanzania Language

More than 100 languages are spoken in Tanzania, making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. The languages spoken are all four families in Africa: Bantu, Cushitic, Nilotic, and Khoisan. There is no de jure official language in Tanzania.

Tanzania Important Facts

  • The United Republic of Tanzania is located in the east of Africa.
  • Tanzania borders Kenya, Uganda to the north, Rwanda to the west, Burundi, Congo, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south.
  • The total area of ​​Tanzania is 945,087 sq km. (364,898 sq mi).
  • The official language of Tanzania is Swahili.
  • The currency of Tanzania is named Tanzanian Shilling.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Tanzania in 2016 was 5.56 crore.
  • The religion of most people in Tanzania is Islam.
  • The climate of Tanzania is tropical and the coastal areas are hot and humid, while the northwestern highlands are cool and temperate.
  • The highest mountain in Tanzania is Mount Kilimanjaro, which has a height of 5,895 meters.
  • The longest river in Tanzania is the Rufiji River, which has a length of 600 km.
  • The largest lake in Tanzania is Victoria which is spread over an area of 26,828 miles.
  • The national animal of Tanzania is the Masai Giraffe.

Tanzania Important History Events

  • 10 november 1871 - Journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley located missingmissionary and explorer David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyikain present-day Tanzania.
  • 04 november 1960 - At the Kasakela Chimpanzee Community in Tanzania, Dr. JaneGoodall observed a chimpanzee using a grass stalk toextract termites from a termite hill, the first recorded case of tool use by animals.
  • 26 april 1964 - Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form Tanzania with JuliusNyerere as its first president.
  • 29 October 1964 - The African country Tangayika-Zanzibar United Republic was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.
  • 11 april 1979 - Uganda–Tanzania War-The Uganda National Liberation Army and Tanzanian forces captured Kampala, forcing Ugandan President Idi Amin tofler.
  • 21 may 1996 - The Lake Victoria ferry MV Bukoba sank on May 21, 2015 in Tanzania waters on Lake Victoria. 1000 People were killed in the disaster including Abu Ubaidah al-Banshiri who was the second in command of Al-Qaeda.
  • 07 august 1998 - The Islamic terrorist organization al-Qaeda is accused for the bombings of two United States Embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, where at least 200 people died and more than 5,000 injured. US President Bill Clinton has made a statement saying, 'We will use all the means at our disposal to bring those responsible to justice.”
  • 07 august 1998 - Car bombs exploded simultaneously at the American embassies inthe East African capital cities of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi,Kenya, killing more than 200 people and injuring more than 4,500 others.
  • 24 June 2002 - 281 people died in train accident in African country Tanzania.
  • 10 december 2010 - Somali pirates hijack a Liberian ship 80 nautical miles east of the border between Tanzania and Mozambique, in their most southerly attack yet.

Populated Cities of Tanzania

Mtwara, Kilosa, Mbamba Bay, Sumbawanga, Bagamoyo, Uvinza, Oldeani, Mpanda, Moshi, Singida, Tunduru, Korogwe, Chake Chake, Ifakara, Mwanza, Njombe, Lindi, Zanzibar, Kasulu, Tunduma, Masasi, Kahama, Babati, Arusha, Biharamulo, Manyoni, Kibiti, Dar es Salaam, Mbeya, Sikonge, Nzega, Wete, Mkokotoni, Morogoro, Kakonko, Kibaha, Kanyato, Tanga, Dodoma, Mpwapwa, Itigi, Same, Ngara, Mikumi, Kigoma, Karema, Nyahanga, Geita, Kipili, Tabora, Mbulu, Musoma, Tukuyu, Songea, Kilindoni, Iringa, Ngorongoro, Shinyanga, Bukoba, Vwawa, Bariadi, Mahonda, Koani,

10 Neighbour countries of Tanzania

Burundi [L] , Comoros [M] , Democratic Republic of the Congo [L] , Kenya [LM] , Malawi [L] , Mozambique [LM] , Rwanda [L] , Seychelles [M] , Uganda [L] , Zambia [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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