Rwanda History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Rwanda has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Rwanda and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
Hunter-gatherers settled the region in the Stone and Iron Ages, later followed by the Bantu people. The population first accumulated in the clans and then in the states. The state of Rwanda was dominated by the middle of the eighteenth century, the Tutsi kings militarily conquered others, in 1916 during World War I, Belgium invaded this country. Both European countries ruled through kings and implemented Tutsi policy. The Hutu population revolted in 1959. He massacred many Tutsi. After this, Belgium invaded this country in 1916 during the First World War. An independent, Hutu-dominated republic was eventually established in 1962.
Rwanda has a total area of 26,338 sq km of the country, making it the 149th largest country in Nia, and the fourth smallest country on the mainland of Africa after Gambia, Eswatini and Djibouti (Gambia, Eswatini, and Djibouti). The lowest point of this country is the Rasaji River located at an altitude of 950 meters (3,117 ft) above sea level. Wanda is located in Central / East Africa, and is bounded by the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Uganda in the north, Tanzania in the north and Burundi in the south. The capital Kigali is located near the center of Rwanda.
Per Capita Gross Domestic Product (PPP) in 2019 is estimated at per capita gross domestic product (PPP) compared to $ 444 in 2019, with $ 416. The major export markets include China, Germany and the United States. The economy of this country is managed by the Central National Bank of Rwanda. The currency here is the Rwanda Franc. In December 2019, the exchange rate was 910 francs for one United States dollar. The largest radio and television stations are operated by the state, and most newspapers are owned by the government. This country is growing at a slow pace in technology because in October 2019, Mara Corporation launched the first African-made smartphone in Rwanda.
The main language of the country is Kinnarwanda, which is spoken by almost all Rwandans. The major European languages during the colonial era were German, though it was never taught or widely used, and then French, introduced by Belgium from 1916 and an official and widely spoken after independence in 1962 Known language remained. Dutch was also spoken. The return of English-speaking Rwandan refugees in the 1990s added a new dimension to the linguistic diversity of the country. Kinnarwanda, English, French and Swahili are all official languages. Kinnarwanda is the national language while English is the primary medium of instruction in secondary and tertiary education.
Rwanda is officially a sovereign state in the Republic of Rwanda in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
Rwanda borders Uganda in the north, Democratic Republic of Congo in the northwest, Burundi in the south and Tanzania in the east.
Rwanda was granted complete independence by Belgium on 1 July 1962.
The total area of Rwanda is 26,338 sq km. (10,169 square miles).
The official languages of Rwanda are French, Kinyarwanda, English and Swahili.
The currency of Rwanda is named Rwanda Franc.
According to the World Bank, in 2016 the total population of Rwanda was 1.19 crore.
The religion of most people in Rwanda is Christian.
Rwanda has a predominantly temperate tropical climate that is lower than normal temperatures.
The highest mountain in Rwanda is Mount Karisimbi, which has a height of 4,507 meters.
The national animal of Rwanda is leopard.
The national bird of Rwanda is the Shoebill.
07 April 1994 - Rwanda's President Juvenal Heyvarimana and Burundi's President Cipriana Ntamita died in a rocket attack at Kigali Airport.
07 April 1994 - Rwanda massacre began, a few hours after the murder, President Juvenile Habrimana; An estimated 500,000–1,000,000 Rwanda was killed in the next 100 days.
05 June 2000 - A six -day war began in Kishangani. Kishangani is the capital of the Congo. The war was fought between Rwanda and Congo. The city was destroyed due to this war. As a result, Rwanda won. Congo faced more than a thousand casualties.
02 March 2010 - Agathe Habyarimana, the widow of Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana is arrested in France. She has been accused of helping plan the 1994 genocide.
14 July 2010 - Andre Kagwa, Senior Rwanda Opposition politician Raviska has been found. His disappearance was reported. He was found almost closed with his head.