Canada History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, North America Continent

Canada has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Canada and important events related to Canada history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Canada Country Profile

CurrencyCanadian dollar
ContinentNorth America

Canada History

The word Canada is derived from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word Kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement". In 1535, the village of Stadacona in the present-day Quebec city area was discovered by Zac Kartiye. Karthiyi later referred to the word Canada for the entire region related to Donkna (head of the Stadakona), and from 1545 onwards the region was referred to as Canada in the European books and maps. American independence was recognized by the Treaty of Paris of 1783 and the territories south of the Great Lakes were ceded to the new United States.

Canada Geography

Canada is home to the world's largest northern settlement, the Canadian Forces station alerts at the northern tip of Ellsmere Island. Much of northern Canada is covered by snow and permafrost, however, the future of permafrost is uncertain because Canada's Arctic has been three times warmer than the global average as a result of climate change. Canada's three Arctic islands - Beffin Island, Victoria Island and Ellesmere Island - are one of the ten largest islands in the world. Canada is geologically active, with numerous earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes, notably Mount Meiger Massif, Mount Garibaldi, Mount Kelly Massif, and Mount Egeja Volcano.

Canada Economy

Canada, the world's tenth largest economy as of 2018, has a GDP of approximately US $ 1.73 trillion. It is one of the least corrupt countries in the world, and one of the top ten trading countries in the world with a highly global economy. Canada's mixed economy ranks above the US and most Western European countries on the Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom, and faces a relatively low level of income inequality. The country's average household disposable income is well above the per capita OECD average. The Toronto Stock Exchange is the ninth largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization, with a market capitalization of over US $ 2 trillion in a list of over 1,500 companies.

Canada Language

Many languages ​​are used by Canadians, approximately 56 percent and 21 percent of Canadians have mother tongues in English and French (official languages), respectively. According to the 2016 census, only over 7.3 million Canadians listed a non-official language as their mother tongue. Some of the most common non-official first languages ​​include Chinese (1,227,680 first-language speakers), Punjabi (501,680), Spanish (458,850), Tagalog (431,385), Arabic (419,895), German (384,040), and Italian (375,645). Huh.

Canada Important Facts

  • Canada is a country with a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy located to the north of the continent of North America.
  • Canada borders the United States with Alaska to the northwest, Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
  • Canada was discovered in 1534 by Jacques Cartier (or Quartier), a pirate from St. Malo, a small French port.
  • Canada was colonized by France in 1608 and ceded to Britain with the Treaty of Paris in 1763 and the United Kingdom (UK) made it independent on 1 July 1867.
  • The total area of ​​Canada is 9,984,670 sq km. (3,855,100), making it the first continent of North America and the second largest country in the world.
  • The official languages ​​of Canada are English and French.
  • The Canadian currency is named Canadian Dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Canada in 2016 was 3.63 crore.
  • In Canada, the religion of most people is Christian and the second is Islam.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Canada are European, North American, Asian, indigenous North American and Caribbean and Central and South American etc.
  • The highest mountain in Canada is Mount Logan, which has a height of 5,959 meters.
  • The longest river in Canada is the Mackenzie River, with a length of 1,738 km.
  • Canada won the most gold medals at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
  • Canada ranks first in terms of lakes as it has 187,888 lakes and its largest lake is named Great Bear Lake which is 31,153 sq km. Spreads over the area.
  • The national animal of Canada is the North American Beaver.

Canada Important History Events

  • 21 october 1520 - The islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon were discovered by Portuguese explorer João ÁlvaresFagundes near Canada, who named them 'Islands of the 11,000 Virgins'.
  • 09 june 1534 - Jacques Cartier became the 1st European to map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River. He was a French explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France.
  • 29 june 1534 - Jacques Cartier was the first European to reach Prince Edward Island. Prince Edward Island is a province of Canada consisting of the island of the same name, as well as several much smaller islands.It is one of the three Maritime Provinces and is the smallest province in both land area and population. It is the only province of Canada to have no land boundary.
  • 05 august 1583 - Explorer Humphrey Gilbert established the first English colonyin North America at what is now St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador,Canada.
  • 02 june 1615 - The first Recollect missionaries arrived in Quebec City in NewFrance (now in Quebec, Canada) from Rouen.
  • 04 july 1634 - The city of Trois Rivieres was founded in New France (present day Canada). Trois Rivieres is a city of the Mauricie administrative area of Quebec, Canada. It is located at the merging point of the Saint Lawrence Saint and Maurice Rivers, on the north edge of the Saint Lawrence River opposite to the city of Becancour.
  • 05 september 1697 - War of the Grand Alliance-A French warship captured YorkFactory, a trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company in present-day Manitoba, Canada.
  • 23 June 1713 - The French residents of Assadia were given one year to declare their allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • 10 February 1763 - The Treaty of Paris ended the French-Indian War, with Canada surrendering to Britain.
  • 17 july 1771 - Dene men, acting as guides to Samuel Hearne on his explorationof the Coppermine River in present-day Nunavut, Canada, massacred agroup of about 20 Copper Inuit.

Populated Cities of Canada

Selkirk, Thunder Bay, Steinbach, Weyburn, Amherst, Tuktoyaktuk, Kapuskasing, Dauphin, Moncton, Berens River, Uranium City, Saint John, Shamattawa, Baddeck, Nanaimo, Peterborough, Coral Harbour, La Scie, Watson Lake, Dryden, St.-Jerome, Taloyoak, Revelstoke, Happy Valley - Goose Bay, Banff, Yarmouth, Red Deer, Burwash Landing, Natashquan, Hamilton, La Sarre, Parry Sound, Lethbridge, Stephenville, Kamloops, Buchans, Antigonish, Prince George, Hall Beach, Flin Flon, Winnipeg, Fort Nelson, Medicine Hat, Smithers, Quebec, Iqaluit, Bathurst, The Pas, Arctic Bay, Norway House, Fort Good Hope, Drummondville, Meadow Lake, Mingan, Vegreville, Stettler, Kangirsuk, Chicoutimi, Sandspit, Peace River, Doline, Fredericton, Toronto, New Liskeard, Chilliwack, Fort Smith, Cartwright, Hearst, North Bay, Holman, Shawinigan, Cornwall, Lynn Lake, Creston, Schefferville, Marathon, Sioux Lookout, Joliette, Trout River, Oshawa, Fort Resolution, Forteau, Cochrane, Hopedale, Belleville, Kindersley, Liverpool, Pukatawagan, Melville, Charlottetown, Channel-Port aux Basques, Kitchener, Deer Lake, Victoriaville, Grand Prairie, Trepassey, St-Augustin, Digby, Jasper, Hay River,

3 Neighbour countries of Canada

Denmark [M] , France [M] , United States of America [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of Canada

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
1947Kim Campbell / Female / Politician / Canada
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