Grenada History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, North America Continent

Grenada has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Grenada and important events related to Grenada history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Grenada Country Profile

CapitalSaint George's
CurrencyEastern Caribbean dollar
ContinentNorth America

Grenada History

Prior to the arrival of Europeans in the Americas, Grenada was inhabited by the indigenous Arvacs and later the island Caribs. Christopher Columbus saw Granada during his third trip to America in 1498. Although it was considered the property of the King of Spain, there is no record to suggest the Spanish ever landed or settled on the island. In 1763 Granada was ceded to the British under the Treaty of Paris. Independence was granted on 7 February 1974 under the leadership of Eric Baldi, who became the first Prime Minister of Grenada. The new country became a member of the Commonwealth, with Queen Elizabeth as head of state.

Grenada Geography

Granada is a sovereign island country located at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea, consisting of the island of Granada and six small islands. Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, north-east of Venezuela and southwest of St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Spread over 344 sq km, the estimated population of this country is 110,000. Its capital is St. George.

Grenada Economy

Grenada has a small economy in which tourism is the major foreign exchange earner. The major short-term concerns are rising fiscal deficits and declining external account balance. Grenada shares a common central bank and a common currency (East Caribbean Dollar) with seven other members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). Granada has suffered from a massive external debt problem, with government debt servicing running around 25% of total revenue in 2017; Granada was listed as ninth from the bottom in a study of 126 developing countries.

Grenada Language

English is the official language of the country but the main spoken language is one of two Creole languages ​​(Grenadian Creole English and, less frequently, Grenadian Creole French) (sometimes called 'pato') which is the nation's African, Refers to European and Native heritage. Creoles include elements from various African languages, French and English. Grenadian Creole French is mainly spoken in small rural areas.

Grenada Important Facts

  • Grenada is a universal state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea with six small islands at the southern end of the island of Grenada and the Grenadines island chain.
  • The island of Granada was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1498, giving it the name Concepcion.
  • Granada gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 7 February 1974 and the Constitution came into force on 4 December 1984.
  • The total area of ​​Granada is 348.5 square km. (134.6 sq mi).
  • The official language of Granada is English.
  • The currency of Granada is named East Caribbean Dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Granada in 2016 was 63.4 lakh.
  • In Granada, the religion of most people is Christian.
  • The most important ethnic group in Granada is African, Mixed and Indian.
  • The highest mountain in Granada is Mount Saint Catherine, which is 840 meters high.
  • The largest lake in Granada is Grand Etang Lake which is spread over an area of ​​36 acres.
  • Grenada is known as the Island of Spice because it produces nutmeg and mace crops as well as some other spices.
  • Grenada has the world's first underwater sculpture park called the molinere underwater sculpture park.
  • Grenada dove is the national bird of Grenada.
  • The national dish of Grenada is Oil down.

Grenada Important History Events

  • 27 May 1717 - Spain united its South American colonies as the viceroyalty of New Grenada.
  • 02 october 1963 - Hurricane Flora a massive storm leads to the death of 6,000 in Haiti, Cuba, Trinidad, and Tobago, Grenada, This was considered to be one of the worst storms recorded for fatalities and destruction.
  • 17 september 1966 - FBI Agents today arrested 13 white men in Grenada, Mississippi. This was done on charges of savage attacks on young Negro school children using sticks, fists and a club on the children earlier this week.
  • 17 September 1974 - Bangladesh, Grenada and Guinea-Bissau joined the United Nations.
  • 25 october 1983 - The United States and Caribbean allies invaded Grenada, sixdays after Bernard Coard seized power in a violent coup d'état.
  • 07 september 2004 - Hurricane Ivan made landfall on Grenada and devastated at least85% of the island.

Populated Cities of Grenada

Saint George's,

3 Neighbour countries of Grenada

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [M] , Trinidad and Tobago [M] , Venezuela [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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