Guatemala History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Guatemala has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Guatemala and important events related to Guatemala history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Guatemala Country Profile

CountryGuatemala
CapitalGuatemala City
CurrencyGuatemalan quetzal
ContinentNorth America

Guatemala History

The name Guatemala is derived from the word 'Quatemallan' in Nahuati or Nahuati language which means the location of many trees, which is the prevalent term for many trees in the Kish Maya society. From the mid to late 19th century, Guatemala faced chronic instability and civil strife. In the early 20th century, it was ruled by a series of dictators supported by the United Fruit Company and the United States Government. In 1944, the totalitarian leader, Georg Ubiko, was overthrown by a pro-democratic military coup, triggering a decade-long revolution that led to social and economic reforms. An American-backed military coup in 1954 ended the revolution and established a dictatorship.

Guatemala Geography

Guatemala is a country located in Central America, with Mexico to the northwest, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast. With a population of just 1,10,000 sq km, this country has a population of about 140,000,000. The capital of this representative democratic country is Guatemala City. Guatemala's rich biology and unique ecology make it important in terms of biodiversity.

Guatemala Economy

Guatemala is the largest economy in Central America, with a US $ 5,200 per capita GDP (PPP). However, Guatemala faces many social problems and is one of the poorest countries in Latin America. Income distribution is highly uneven, with more than half the population below the national poverty line and just 400,000 (3.2%) unemployed. The CIA World Fact Book considers 54.0% of Guatemala's population to be living in poverty in 2009.

Guatemala Language

Spanish is the only official language of Guatemala, spoken by 93 percent of the population as the first or second language. Twenty-one languages ​​are spoken, especially in rural areas, as well as two non-Mayan Amerindian languages: Cinca, which is indigenous to the country, and Garifuna, the Aravan language spoken on the Caribbean coast. According to the language law of 2003, these languages ​​are recognized as national languages. There are also significant numbers of German, Chinese, French and English speakers.

Guatemala Important Facts

  • Guatemala is officially called the Republic of Guatemala. It is located in Central America.
  • Guatemala borders Honduras, Salvador to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, the Caribbean to the east, Mexico to the northwest, and Belize to the northeast.
  • Guatemala gained independence first from Spain on 15 September 1821 and then from the first Mexican Empire on 1 July 1823, and on 31 May 1985 it implemented the constitution.
  • The total area of ​​Guatemala is 108,889 sq km. (42,042 square miles).
  • The official language of Guatemala is Spanish.
  • Guatemala's currency is named Quetzal.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Guatemala in 2016 was 1.66 crore.
  • The majority of the people in Guatemala are Christian and 40% of the population is atheist.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Guatemala are the Mestizo, the indigenous people, the Kitche, the Cacchikale, the Maya, and the white.
  • The highest mountain in Guatemala is the Volcán tajumulco which is a volcanic mountain with a height of 4,220 meters.
  • The longest river in Guatemala is the Motagua River, which has a length of 486 km.
  • The largest lake in Guatemala is Lake Izabal which is 589.6 sq km. Spreads over an area of.
  • There was a civil war in Guatemala from 1960 to 1996 which was fought between the government of Guatemala and various left-wing rebel groups that killed 200,000 civilians.
  • The national bird of Guatemala is Quetzal.
  • The national flower of Guatemala is Lycaste Skinneri Alba.

Guatemala Important History Events

  • 13 march 1697 - Nojpetén, capital of the Itza Maya kingdom, fell to Spanishconquistadors, the final step in the Spanish conquest of Guatemala.
  • 30 April 1754 - Guatemalan Sergeant Mayor Melchor de Mencos y Vron and his army defeated the British pirates at the Battle of San Felipe and the Coba Lagoon.
  • 15 September 1821 - Central American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua gained independence.
  • 19 January 1921 - Central American countries Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador signed the agreement.
  • 01 june 1929 - The 1st Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America was held in Buenos Aires. The First Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America was in Buenos Aires, Argentina, June 1–12, 1929. 38 delegates, representing Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Cuba, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela, took part in the meeting. The only established communist party in the region that did not participate was the Communist Party of Chile, which at time suffered a period of harsh repression under the Ibáñez government.
  • 27 june 1952 - The Congress of Guatemala passed Decree 900, redistributingunused lands of sizes greater than 224 acres (0.9 km2) to localpeasants and having a major effect on the nation's land reform movement.
  • 14 july 1960 - Fire has raged through a Guatemala City, Guatemala. It killed 225 in insane asylum kills 225. 300 people were severely injured.
  • 04 February 1976 - A massive earthquake in the American countries of Guatemala and Honduras killed 22,000 people.
  • 14 january 1991 - Jorge Serrano Elias sworn in as President of Guatemala.
  • 06 may 1996 - Guatemala’s leftist guerrillas signed Peace accord with government on May 6, 1996. The Guatemalan Civil War fought between the government of Guatemala and various leftist groups from 1960 to 1996. About 200,000 civilians were killed or disappeared during the conflict.

Populated Cities of Guatemala

La Libertad, Huehuetenango, Chimaltenango, Totonicapan, Coban, Mazatenango, Quetzaltenango, Puerto Barrios, Jutiapa, Jalapa, Solola, Chiquimula, Salama, Antigua Guatemala, Flores, Retalhuleu, Zacapa, San Marcos, Santa Cruz Del Quiche, San Jose, Cuilapa, El Progreso, Livingston, San Luis, Escuintla, Guatemala,

4 Neighbour countries of Guatemala

Belize [LM] , El Salvador [LM] , Honduras [LM] , Mexico [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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