Cuba has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Cuba and important events related to Cuba history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Cuba Country Profile
|Founder||Carlos Manuel de Céspedes|
The area that is now Cuba was inhabited by the Sibanye Taino people from the 4th millennium BCE to the Spanish colony in the 15th century. From the 15th century, it was a colony of Spain until the Spanish-American War of 1898, when Cuba was held by the United States and in 1902 gained nominal independence as a United States defense zone. As a fragile republic in 1940, Cuba attempted to strengthen its democratic system. Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba. The country was the subject of controversy during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and nearly a nuclear war ensued during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Cuba is one of the few Marxist-Leninist socialist states, where the role of the Vanguard Communist Party is enshrined in the Constitution.
Cuba is an archipelago of islands located in the northern Caribbean Sea at the confluence with the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. The United States is located 150 kilometers (93 mi) north and northwest (to the nearest tip of Key West, Florida) and the Bahamas 21 km (13 mi) north of the Straits of Florida. Mexico is 210 kilometers (130 mi) west of the Yucatan Channel.
The state of Cuba claims to follow socialist principles in organizing its largely state-controlled planned economy. Most of the means of production are owned and operated by the government and most of the labor force is employed by the state. Recent years have seen a trend towards more private sector employment. As of 2006, public sector employment was 78% and private sector 22%, compared to 91.8% in 1981 to 8.2%. Government expenditure is 78.1% of GDP.
The official language of Cuba is Spanish, and the majority of Cubans speak it. Spanish spoken in Cuba is known as Cuban Spanish and is a variant of Caribbean Spanish. Lusumi, a dialect of the West African language Yoruba, is also used as a prevalent language by physicians in Santaria, and therefore only as a second language. Haitian Creole is the second most spoken language in Cuba, and is spoken by Haitian immigrants and their descendants. Other languages spoken by immigrants include Galician and Corsican.
Cuba Important Facts
- Cuba is officially called the Republic of Cuba, located in the northern Caribbean Sea near the Gulf of Mexico.
- Cuba became its colony after 1492, which it ceded to the United States on 10 December 1898, and the US liberated Cuba on 20 May 1902.
- Cuba revolution took place in Cuba from 26 July 1953 to 1 January 1959, after which it enacted its constitution on 24 February 1976.
- The total area of Cuba is 109,884 sq km. (42,426 sq mi).
- The official language of Cuba is Spanish.
- Cuban currencies are peso and convertible pesoa.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Cuba in 2016 was 11.5 million.
- The religion of most people in Cuba is Christian.
- The most important ethnic group in Cuba is White, Mulatto, Mestizo, Zambo, or Pardo and Black.
- Cuba's highest peak is Pico Turquino, which is 1,974 meters high.
- The longest river of Cuba is the Cauto River, which has a length of 343 km.
- The largest lake in Cuba is Laguna de Leche, which is 67.2 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
- The Cuban government is a Marxixt-Leninist single party headed by a member of the Castro family for many years.
- The smallest bird in the world in Cuba is the Bee Hummingbird which is only 2 inches long.
- There is a statue of John Lennon in Cuba, which was declared revolutionary of Cuban music, was built in the year 2000 by Fidel Castro.
Cuba Important History Events
- 28 October 1492 - The great sailor Christopher Columbus discovered the eastern coast of Cuba, after which the Spanish forces arrived in the region.
- 24 July 1715 - 1715 Treasure Fleet: A Spanish treasure on 10 ships under General Don Juan Ubila went from Spain to Havana, Cuba, seven days later, nine of them sank in a storm off the coast of Florida and some treasure was later found.
- 08 november 1822 - USS Alligator engaged three piratical schooners off the coastof Cuba in one of the West Indies anti-piracy operations of the UnitedStates.
- 07 October 1886 - Spain ended slavery with Cuba.
- 15 february 1898 - The United States Navy battleship USS Maine exploded and sank in Havana, Cuba, killing more than 260 people and precipitating the Spanish–American War.
- 22 April 1898 - US President McKinley Cuba ordered blockade of ports.
- 12 August 1898 - Spanish-American War: American and Spanish Forces Abolished in Cuba.
- 20 May 1902 - Cuba gained independence from the United States.
- 23 february 1903 - The Cuban–American Treaty was finalized, allowing the UnitedStates to lease Guantánamo Bay from Cuba in perpetuity for the purposesof operating coaling and naval stations.
- 23 August 1906 - Unable to stop the rebellion, Cuban President Tomas Estrada Palma requested intervention from the United States.
Populated Cities of Cuba
Guines, Artemisa, Moron, Colon, Sagua la Grande, Santiago de Cuba, Placetas, Nuevitas, Banes, San Antonio de los Banos, Caibarien, Camaguey, Holguin, Guantanamo, Nueva Gerona, Santa Clara, Havana, Las Tunas, Bayamo, Pinar del Rio, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Ciego de Avila, Manzanillo, Sancti Spiritus, Palma Soriano, San Jose de las Lajas,
7 Neighbour countries of Cuba
Bahamas [M] , Haiti [LM] , Honduras [M] , Jamaica [M] , Mexico [M] , United Kingdom [M] , United States of America [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)