Haiti History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, North America Continent

Haiti has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Haiti and important events related to Haiti history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Haiti Country Profile

CurrencyHaitian gourde
ContinentNorth America
FounderJean-Jacques Dessalines

Haiti History

In the midst of the French Revolution (1789–99), slaves and free people of color launched the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), led by a former slave and the first black commander of the French army, Toussaint Louisure. After 12 years of conflict, Napoleon Bonaparte's armies were defeated by Louisvert's successor, Jean-Jacques Dassalin (later Emperor Jacques I), who declared Haiti's sovereignty on 1 January 1804 — Latin America's first independent nation and the Caribbean Second Republic. America became the first country to end slavery, and the only country in history established by a successful slave revolt. All of Haiti's former leaders were slaves, except for Alexandre Peption, the first president of the Republic of the country. After a brief period in which the country was divided into two parts, President Jean-Pierre Boer unified the country and then attempted to bring the entire Hypapenola under Haitian control, a long series of wars that ended in 1870 Starting when Haiti formally gained independence from the Dominican Republic

Haiti Geography

Haiti forms the western three-eighths of Hisanciola, the second largest island in the Greater Antilles. 27,750 sq km is the third largest country in the Caribbean, behind Cuba and the Dominican Republic in Haiti, which joins 360 kilometers (224 mi) of border with Haiti. The northern region consists of the Massif du Nord (northern mass) and the Plain du Nord (northern plain). The Massif du Nord is an extension of the Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic. It begins north of the Guamauk River, on the eastern border of Haiti, and extends northwest through the northern peninsula. The Terai region of the Plain du Nord lies between the Massif du Nord and the North Atlantic Ocean, along the northern border with the Dominican Republic.

Haiti Economy

Haiti has a predominantly free market economy, with GDP of $ 19.97 billion and GDP per capita of $ 1,800 (2017 estimate). The country uses the Haitian gourd as its currency. Despite its tourism industry, Haiti is one of the poorest countries in America, with poverty, corruption, political instability, poor infrastructure, lack of health care and lack of education cited as the main reasons. Unemployment is high and many Haitians want to evacuate. Following the 2010 earthquake and the subsequent trade with cholera, there was a small decline, with the country's purchasing power parity GDP falling by 8% (US $ 12.15 billion to US $ 11.18 billion). Haiti was ranked 145 out of 182 countries in the 2010 United Nations Human Development Index, with 57.3% of the population being deprived of at least three measures of HDI.

Haiti Language

The two official languages ​​of Haiti are French and Haitian Creole. French is the predominant and administratively authorized language (as well as the main language of the press) and is spoken by 42% of Haitian. It is spoken by all educated Haitian, is the medium of instruction in most schools, and is used in the commercial sector. It is also used in ceremonies such as weddings, bachelors and church Masses. Haiti is one of two independent countries in the US (along with Canada) to designate French as an official language; Other French-speaking regions are all of France's foreign settlement, or collection centers.

Haiti Important Facts

  • Haiti is officially called the Republic of Haiti. It is located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles Islands in the Caribbean region.
  • Haiti shares Hispaniola island with the former Dominican Republic nation.
  • Haiti declared the Republic of Haiti by implementing the Constitution on 29 March 1987.
  • The total area of ​​Haiti is 27,750 sq km. (10,710 square miles).
  • The official languages ​​of Haiti are Haitian Creole and French.
  • The name of the currency of Haiti is Haitian Gourde.
  • According to the World Bank, Haiti had a total population of 1.08 crore in 2016.
  • The religion of most people in Haiti is Christian and Voodoo.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Haiti are Afro-Haitian, Mullatto and White.
  • The highest mountain in Haiti is Mount Pic la Selle, a volcanic mountain with a height of 2,680 meters.
  • The longest river in Haiti is the Artibonite River, with a length of 320 km.
  • The largest lake in Haiti is Etang Saumâtre which is 170 square kilometers. Spreads over an area.
  • The national bird of Haiti is Hispaniolan Trogon.
  • The national tree of Haiti is the Royal Palm.
  • The national dish of Haiti is rice.

Haiti Important History Events

  • 22 august 1791 - A slave rebellion erupted in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, starting the Haitian Revolution.
  • 18 November 1803 - Battle of Verteres: Haiti forces defeated Napoleon's army led by Jean-Jacques Desalines.
  • 01 January 1804 - Haiti gained independence from France and became the first black republic, which led to the only successful slave revolt.
  • 17 February 1807 - Henry Christopher was elected the first President of the State of Haiti.
  • 01 July 1889 - Frederick Douglass became ministerial nominee for Haiti.
  • 08 February 1905 - 10,000 people died due to the severe cyclonic storm that struck Haiti and its surrounding islands.
  • 25 october 1935 - A huge hurricane killing more than two thousand people and leaving many homeless and hungry hit Haiti.
  • 02 october 1937 - Under the orders of President Rafael Trujillo, Dominican troops began mass killings of approximately 20,000 Haitians living in the Dominican Republic.
  • 22 september 1957 - François 'Papa Doc' Duvalier was elected President of Haiti asa populist before consolidating power and ruling as a dictator for therest of his life.
  • 02 october 1963 - Hurricane Flora a massive storm leads to the death of 6,000 in Haiti, Cuba, Trinidad, and Tobago, Grenada, This was considered to be one of the worst storms recorded for fatalities and destruction.

Populated Cities of Haiti

Port-De-Paix, Jacmel, Jeremie, Cap-Haitien, Port-au-Prince, Hinche, Les Cayes, Gonaives, Fort-Liberte, Miragoane,

7 Neighbour countries of Haiti

Bahamas [M] , Colombia [M] , Cuba [M] , Dominican Republic [LM] , Jamaica [M] , United Kingdom [M] , United States of America [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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