Costa Rica History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Costa Rica has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Costa Rica and important events related to Costa Rica history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Costa Rica Country Profile

CountryCosta Rica
CapitalSan José
CurrencyCosta Rican colón
ContinentNorth America
FounderJosé María Castro Madriz

Costa Rica History

Costa Rica was inhabited by indigenous people before coming to Spanish rule in the 16th century. It first remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of the United States, from where it was formally declared independence in 1847. After the brief Costa Rican civil war in 1948, it began permanently. Abolished his army in 1949, becoming one of the few sovereign nations without a standing army.

Costa Rica Geography

Costa Rica borders the Caribbean Sea in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua in the north and Panama in the south. The highest point in the country is Cerro Chirippo, which is 3,819 meters (12,530 ft). The highest volcano in the country is the Erazu volcano (3,431 m or 11,257 ft) and the largest lake is Arnell Lake. There are 14 known volcanoes in Costa Rica, and six of them have been active in the last 75 years.

Costa Rica Economy

Costa Rica has free trade agreements with several countries including the US. There are no significant trade barriers that affect imports and the country is reducing its tariffs according to other Central American countries. The country's free trade zones provide incentives to manufacturing and service industries to operate in Costa Rica. In 2015, sectors supported 82 thousand direct jobs and in 2015 43 thousand indirect jobs and the average wage in the FTZ was 1.8 times higher than the average for private enterprise work in the rest of the country. For example in 2016, Amazon.com hired some 3,500 employees in Costa Rica and planned to increase it to 1,500 in 2017, making it an important employer.

Costa Rica Language

The primary language spoken in Costa Rica is Spanish, a feature typical of the country, a form of Central American Spanish. Costa Rica is a linguistically diverse country and at least five living vernacular languages that are spoken by descendants of pre-Columbian people Maleku, Kabkr, Bribri, Gumi, and Buglere.

Costa Rica Important Facts

  • Costa Rica is officially called the Republic of Costa Rica which is located in the Caribbean region in Central America.
  • Costa Rica is bordered by Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Ecuador and Cocos Islands to the south, and Nicaragua to the north.
  • Costa Rica was colonized in 1502 and became independent on September 15, 1821.
  • Costa Rica gained recognition from Spain on 10 May 1850 and made its constitution on 7 November 1949.
  • The total area of ​​Costa Rica is 51,100 sq km. (19,700 square miles).
  • The official language of Costa Rica is Spanish.
  • The currency of Costa Rica is named Costa Rican colon.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Costa Rica in 2016 was 48.6 million.
  • The religion of most people in Costa Rica is Christian.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Costa Rica are White / Castijo or Mulatto, Amerindian and Middle and Black (of African descent).
  • The highest mountain in Costa Rica is Mount Chirripó, which has a height of 3,820 meters.
  • The longest river in Costa Rica is the San Juan River, which has a length of 616 km.
  • The largest lake in Costa Rica is Lake Arenal, which is 85 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
  • Costa Rica's national animal is the white-tailed deer and the national aquatic animal is the West Indian manatee.
  • Costa Rica is the national bird Yigüirro and the national dish is Gallo pinto.

Costa Rica Important History Events

  • 15 September 1821 - Central American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua gained independence.
  • 05 May 1835 - Bryulio Carrillo was sworn in as head of state of Costa Rica.
  • 28 May 1838 - Broulio Carrillo was sworn in as head of state of Costa Rica, thus beginning his second term in office.
  • 19 January 1921 - Central American countries Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador signed the agreement.
  • 14 March 1926 - 248 people died and 93 were injured in a train accident in the Latin American country of Costa Rica.
  • 12 March 1948 - Costa rican civil war started
  • 16 april 1989 - Costa Rica beat US in the rd round of Soccer World Cup to win the tournament.
  • 16 october 1996 - At least 83 people were killed and more than 140 injured whenan excessive number of fans attempted to squeeze into Guatemala City'sEstadio Mateo Flores to see the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification matchbetween Guatemala and Costa Rica.
  • 08 January 2009 - A 6.1 magnitude earthquake in the northern region of Costa Rica left 15 dead and 32 others injured.

Populated Cities of Costa Rica

Puerto Limon, Golfito, Puntarenas, Liberia, La Cruz, Alajuela, Ciudad Cortes, Quesada, Heredia, Canas, Cartago, Sixaola, San Jose,

4 Neighbour countries of Costa Rica

Colombia [M] , Ecuador [M] , Nicaragua [LM] , Panama [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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