Mauritania History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Mauritania has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Mauritania and important events related to Mauritania history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Mauritania Country Profile

CountryMauritania
CapitalNouakchott
CurrencyMauritanian ouguiya
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union, Arab League
FormationNovember 28, 1960

Mauritania History

The country derives its name from Murutania of the ancient Berber Empire, which existed in modern Morocco and West Algeria from the 3rd century BCE to the 7th century AD. Mauritania was inhabited by nomadic Berbers since the 3rd century, before the Islamization of the country by the Arab conquests in the 8th century. Since independence from France in 1960, Mauritania's independence has been characterized by a period of recurrent coup and military rule, the most recent of which was in 2008 and led by General Mohammed Auld Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military for the presidency in the July 19 election, which he won.

Mauritania Geography

Mauritania is in the western region of the continent of Africa.It has 1,030,700 square kilometers of vast, arid plains sometimes separated by ridges and rock formations. It is in the border of the North Atlantic Ocean between Senegal and Western Sahara, Mali and Algeria. It is considered part of both Sahel and Maghreb. And called the Rihat Structure, the Eye of the Sahara, it is a matching rock concentrating in the Adrar Plateau, near Odaren, near west-central Mauritania. The country's first deepwater port was opened in 1986 near Nouakchott.

Mauritania Economy

Despite being rich in natural resources, Mauritania has low GDP. Most of the population here still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, Mauritania has extensive reserves of iron ore, which is about 50% of the total exports. Gold and copper mining companies are opening mines in the interior. The country's first deepwater port was opened near Nauakot in 1986. In March 1999, the government signed an agreement with the United World Bank-International Monetary Fund Mission on the $ 54 million Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF).

Mauritania Language

Arabic is the official and national language of Mauritania. The local spoken variety, known as Hasaniya, contains many barbaric words and differs greatly from modern standard Arabic used for official communication. Puller, Soninke and Wolf also serve as national languages. Widely used among the French media and the educated classes.

Mauritania Important Facts

  • Mauritania, officially called the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, located in the western part of North Africa, is considered part of the Maghreb region.
  • Mauritania is bordered by Mali to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north, Algeria to the north-east, and Senegal to the southwest.
  • Mauritania was colonized by French in 1904 and declared independent on 28 November 1960.
  • About two-thirds of the land area of ​​Mauritania is covered by the Sahara Desert, which spreads southward each year.
  • The total area of ​​Mauritania is 1,030,000 sq km. (400,000 square miles).
  • The official language of Mauritania is Arabic and the recognized regional languages ​​are Hasnia, Pular, Soninke and Wolof.
  • The name of the currency of Mauritania is Oguia.
  • According to the World Bank, Mauritania had a total population of 4.3 million in 2016.
  • Mauritania is entirely an Islamic country, with most people belonging to the Sunni sect.
  • The highest mountain in Mauritania is Kediot is Jill, which has an elevation of 915 meters.
  • The national animal of Mauritania is the African lion.
  • The national sport of Mauritania is football.

Mauritania Important History Events

  • 02 july 1816 - The French frigate Méduse ran aground off the coast oftoday's Mauritania, with the survivors escaping on a makeshift raft,which was depicted in Théodore Géricault's painting The Raft of theMedusa.
  • 28 November 1960 - Mauritania formally declared its independence.
  • 25 september 2004 - West Africa including Chad, Mali, Gambia, Niger and Mauritania are suffering the worst Plague of Locusts in 40 years. The locusts are clearing hundreds of thousands of acres of the meagre crops these countries can produce. Due to the vast numbers of swarms are so high pesticide control is unable to keep up.
  • 06 august 2008 - Mauritanian President Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi wasousted from power by a group of high-ranking generals that he haddismissed from office several hours earlier.
  • 02 january 2013 - The use of plastic bags in any form has been completely banned in Mauritania.

Populated Cities of Mauritania

Nouadhibou, Aleg, Nouakchott, Kiffa, Fderik, Zouirat, Rosso, Selibaby, Atar, Akjoujt, Timbedra, Nema, Tidjikdja, Ayoun el Atrous, Boutilimit, Bogue, Bir Mogrein, Chegga, Kaedi, Arafat, Dar Naim, Tevragh Zeina,

6 Neighbour countries of Mauritania

Algeria [L] , Cape Verde [M] , Mali [L] , Morocco [LM] , Senegal [LM] , Western Sahara [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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