Lesotho History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Lesotho has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Lesotho and important events related to Lesotho history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Lesotho Country Profile

CountryLesotho
CapitalMaseru
CurrencyLesotho loti
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationOctober 4, 1966

Lesotho History

Every year World Tourism Day is celebrated on 27 September in different countries of the world. The natives of that region, now known as Lesotho, were San people. Examples of his rock art can be found in the mountains throughout the region. In 1822, under King Moshose I emerged as a single polity. Lesotho was previously the British Crown Colony of Basutoland, but it declared independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966. It is now a fully sovereign state that is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth and Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Lesotho Geography

Lesotho covers 30,355 km 2 (11,720 sq mi). It is the only independent state in the world that lies completely above 1,000 meters (3,281 ft) in height. Its lowest point is 1,400 meters (4,593 ft). This type is the highest in the world. Lesotho is geographically surrounded by South Africa and is economically integrated.

Lesotho Economy

The economy of Lesotho is basically based on agriculture, livestock, manufacturing and mining. Approximately 50 percent of the population earns about two-thirds of the country's income through informal crop farming or animal husbandry through income earned in agriculture.

Lesotho Language

The main language, Sesotho first official and administrative language, and it is what Bsotho speak on an ordinary basis.

Lesotho Important Facts

  • Lesotho is officially called the Kingdom of Lesotho, a landlocked country. Lesotho is surrounded by the Republic of South Africa from all sides.
  • Lesotho is surrounded by the Republic of South Africa from all sides.
  • Lesotho was colonized by the British in 1868, at that time it was called Basutoland, which gained independence on 4 October 1966.
  • The current king of Lesotho is named Letsie III.
  • The total area of ​​Lesotho is 30,355 sq km. (12,727 square miles).
  • Lesotho's official languages ​​are Sisotho and English.
  • The currency of Lesotho takes its name.
  • According to the World Bank, in 2016 Lesotho had a total population of 2.2 million.
  • Christianity is the main religion of most people in Lesotho.
  • The largest ethnic group in Lesotho is the Sotho.
  • Lesotho, being at altitude, remains cooler throughout the year than other regions of the latitude, with an elevation of 2161 meters.
  • The national animal of Lesotho is the black rhinoceros.
  • The highest mountain in Lesotho is Thabana Ntlenyana, which has a height of 3,482 meters.
  • The largest river in Lesotho is the Orange River, which has a length of 2,200 km (1,367 mi).

Lesotho Important History Events

  • 04 October 1966 - The country of Lesotho declared its independence from Britain and today is celebrated as National Day in this country.
  • 29 november 2005 - The Government of Lesotho offers all its citizens a free HIV test. Aimed at stopping and reversing the spread of AIDS, this is believed to be the first program of its kind in the world.
  • 30 August 2014 - Prime Minister Tom Thabane of the South African country of Lesotho fled to South Africa following alleged coup attempts by the military.

Populated Cities of Lesotho

Mokhotlong, Mafetang, Teyateyaneng, Hlotse, Maseru, Mohales Hoek, Moyeni, Butha-Buthe, Qacha's Nek, Thaba-Tseka,

1 Neighbour countries of Lesotho

South Africa [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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