1862 in History – What happened in year 1862

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1862 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1862.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1862 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
16 januaryThe beam of a pumping engine broke at the Hartley Colliery Northumberland, England, and fell down the shaft trapping the men below,resulting in the deaths of 204 men.
19 januaryAmerican Civil War-In their first significant victory, Union Forces defeated the Confederates at the Battle of Mill Springs near modern Nancy, Kentucky.
31 januaryAmerican astronomer Alvan Graham Clark first observed the faint white dwarf companion of Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky.
06 februaryUnion forces earned one of their first important victories in the American Civil War at the Battle of Fort Henry in western Tennessee.
10 februaryAmerican Civil War-A Union naval flotilla destroyed the bulk of the Confederate Mosquito Fleet in the Battle of Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River in North Carolina.
16 februaryAmerican Civil War-Union victory in the Battle of Fort Donelson gave General Ulysses S. Grant the nickname 'Unconditional Surrender' Grant.
07 marchAmerican Civil War-Union forces engaged Confederate troops inPea Ridge, Arkansas, fighting to a victory one day later thatessentially cemented their control in Missouri.
23 marchAmerican Civil War-Confederate General Stonewall Jackson Suffered his only defeat during the war in the First Battle of Kernstown In Frederick County, Virginia.
28 marchAmerican Civil War-An invasion of the New Mexico Territory by the Confederate States Army was halted at the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
07 aprilAmerican Civil War-Union forces defeated Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh, the bloodiest battle in U.S. history at the time, in Hardin County, Tennessee.
16 aprilSlavery in Washington, D.C., ended when the District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act became law.
29 aprilAmerican Civil War-Union forces under David Farragut captured New Orleans, securing access into the Mississippi River.
31 mayAmerican Civil War-Confederate forces under Joseph E. Johnstonand G. W. Smith engaged Union forces under George B. McClellan at theBattle of Seven Pines outside Richmond, Virginia.
31 mayAmerican Civil War Confederate forces under Joseph E. Johnston and G. W. Smith engaged Union forces under George B. McClellan at the Battle of Seven Pines outside Richmond, Virginia.
05 juneAs the Treaty of Saigon was signed, ceding parts of southern Vietnam to France, the guerrilla leader Truong Dinh decided to defy Emperor Tu Duc of Vietnam and fight on against the Europeans.
06 juneAmerican Civil War-The Union Army's victory in the First Battle of Memphis virtually eradicated the Confederate naval presence onthe Mississippi River.
09 juneAmerican Civil War-Confederate General Stonewall Jackson concluded his successful Shenandoah Valley Campaign with a victory inthe Battle of Port Republic.
19 juneThe U.S. Congress prohibited slavery in United States territories, nullifying Dread Scott Vs. Stanford. Dred Scott Vs. Stanford was a decision by the US Supreme Court which held that African Americans, whether enslaved or free, could not be American citizens and therefore had no standing to sue in Federal court.
20 juneBarbu Catargiu, the first Prime Minister of Romania, wasassassinated after denying people the right of assembly to commemoratethe Revolutions of 1848.
04 julyIn a rowing boat on the River Thames from Oxford to Godstow,author Lewis Carroll told Alice Liddell and her sisters a story thatwould eventually form the basis for his book Alice's Adventures inWonderland.
12 julyThe Medal of Honour was authorized by US Congress. It is the USA’s highest military honour. It is given to the military personnel only. It has three different versions. One is for navy, one is for army and one for airforce.
16 julyDavid Farragut became the first person to be promoted to therank of rear admiral in the United States Navy.
29 julyAmerican Civil War-Confederate spy Belle Boyd was arrested by Union troops after her lover turned her in.
08 augustAmerican Civil War-After nearly being driven from the field inthe early part of the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Confederate troopscounterattacked and achieved a victory.
30 augustAmerican Civil War-In separate actions, Confederate forceswere victorious in both the Battle of Richmond in Kentucky and the Second Battle of Bull Run in Prince William County, Virginia.
15 septemberAmerican Civil War-Confederate forces captured the Uniongarrison at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, taking more than 12,000 prisoners.
22 septemberU.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued the EmancipationProclamation, declaring the freedom of all slaves in Confederateterritory by January 1, 1863.
08 octoberAmerican Civil War-The Battle of Perryville, one of the bloodiest battles of the war, was fought in the Chaplin Hills west of Perryville, Kentucky.
05 novemberAmerican Civil War-Abraham Lincoln removed George B. McClellanas commander of the Union Army for the second and final time.
12 decemberAmerican Civil War-The USS Cairo was sunk in the Yazoo River,the first armored ship sunk by a naval mine.


Famous birthdays in the year 1862:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
04 March Jacob Robert Emden / Physicist / Switzerland
04 February Édouard Estaunié / Novelist / France
05 AugustJoseph Merrick / Politician / United Kingdom
06 JuneHenry Newbolt / Author / United Kingdom
07 JunePhilipp Lenard / Academic / Germany
11 AprilWilliam Wallace Campbell / Academic / United States of America
11 SeptemberHawley Harvey Crippen / Physician / United States of America
12 DecemberJ. Bruce Ismay / Business Man / United Kingdom
13 OctoberMary Kingsley / Author / United Kingdom
14 JulyGustav Klimt / Painter / Austria
15 NovemberGerhart Hauptmann / Poet / Germany
16 AugustAmos Alonzo Stagg / Baseball Player / United States of America
19 NovemberBilly Sunday / Baseball Player / United States of America
22 JulyCosmo Duff-Gordon / Fencer / Scotland
25 SeptemberLéon Boëllmann / Composer / France
25 NovemberGustaf Söderström / Shot Putter / Sweden
25 AprilEdward Grey / Politician / United Kingdom
29 January Frederick Delius / Composer / United Kingdom
29 AugustMaurice Maeterlinck / Poet / Belgium
30 January Walter Damrosch / Composer / United States of America
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