Sierra Leone History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Sierra Leone has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Sierra Leone and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
The name of the country is derived from Mount Serra Leoa near Freetown. The name Serra Leão (Portuguese for the Lioness Mountains), originally by the Portuguese explorer Pedro de Sintra in 1462, is derived from the modern spelling of the Italian name, introduced by Venetian explorer Alvis Cadmasto and later by other European mapmakers Was copied. Archaeologists suggest that Sierra Leone has been inhabited continuously for at least 2,500 years. But Sierra Leone gained independence from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961 under the leadership of Milton Maragai, who became the country's first Prime Minister.
Sierra Leone is located on the southwest coast of West Africa. The country is bounded by Guinea to the north and east, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west and southwest. Sierra Leone has a total area of 71,740 km2, divided into a water area of 71,620 km2 and 120 km2. There are four different geographical regions of the country. The plateau in eastern Sierra Leone is surrounded by high mountains, where Mount Bintumani reaches 1,948 meters (6,391 ft), the highest point in the country. The upper part of the Moa River drainage basin lies to the south of the region.
The country's currency is Leone, and the central bank is Sierra Leone's bank. Sierra Leone operates a floating exchange rate system, and foreign currencies can be exchanged at any commercial bank, accredited foreign exchange bureau and most hotels. Credit card use is limited in Sierra Leone. Two-thirds of Sierra Leone's population is directly involved in subsistence agriculture. Agriculture accounted for 58 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2007.
English is the official language used in schools and government administration, however, cryo is the most spoken language in Sierra Leone, and is spoken by 98% of the country's population. The Krio language unites all the ethnic groups in the country.
Sierra Leone, officially called the Republic of Sierra Leone, is located in the west of Africa.
Sierra Leone is bordered by Liberia to the southeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest, and Guinea to the northeast.
Sierra Leone has a warm climate and the tropical region has dense forests.
Sierra Leone was made independent by the United Kingdom (UK) on 27 April 1961.
Sierra Leone has a total area of 71,740 sq km. (27,700 square miles).
The official language of Sierra Leone is English and the other recognized languages are Temne, Mende and Krio.
The currency of Sierra Leone is Leon.
According to the World Bank, Sierra Leone had a total population of 74 million in 2016.
In Sierra Leone, the religion of most people is Islam.
There are 16 ethnic groups in Sierra Leone, with Temne and Mende being the two largest and most influential ethnic groups.
A planetary war broke out in Sierra Leone from 23 March 1991 to 18 January 2002, in which more than 50,000 people died.
In 1972, Sierra Leone found the world's third-largest gem-quality diamond, called the Star of Sierra Leone.
The highest mountain in Sierra Leone is Mount Bintumani or Loma Mansa, which is 1,945 meters (6,381 ft) high.
The national animal of Sierra Leone is the lion.
The largest river in Sierra Leone is the Rokel River, with a length of 386 km.
28 June 1882 - The Anglo-French convention of 1882 marks regional boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone. The treaty was confirmed by the treaty and the boundaries of the treaty between Guinea and Sierra Leone around Fetherown. However, it was never completely certified by the French Chamber of Deputy, although it was officially recognized by the British Foreign Office.
09 April 1961 - Joseph Gand got status as the first native Roman Catholic priest in Sierra Leone.
23 March 1991 - The Sierra Leone Civil War began when the revolutionary UnitedFront invaded Sierra Leone in an attempt by Joseph Said Momoa, with the support of special forces from Charles Taylor's National Democratic Front of Liberia.
06 August 2014 - The World Health Organization has announced that 932 died of a recent explosion of the Ebola virus with a person who was allegedly dying of disease in Jeddah, Saudi after Sierra Leone's business visit.
29 July 2014 - Dr. Sheikh Omar Khan, the lead doctor of Sierra Leone, who was fighting the Ebola virus, died. He died after suffering from the disease.
29 December 2014 - Scottish health officials reported the first case of Ebola after diagnosing a health care worker returning from Sierra Leone; The worker did not reveal the symptoms until he reached Scotland and is currently in a stable position.
05 September 2014 - According to an estimate by the World Health Organization (WHO), 1900 out of 3,500 people infected with the Ebella virus died in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone.
01 August 2014 - Liberia and Sierra Leone announced emergency status to send soldiers in response to the disease of the Ebola virus and to close schools and markets and to calm the affected communities.
28 October 2014 - Australia banned all visas of countries affected by Ebola virus, such as Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone. Although the country's officials said that it was necessary to maintain public health, medical and health experts strongly criticized this policy.