Liberia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Liberia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Liberia and important events related to Liberia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Liberia Country Profile

CountryLiberia
CapitalMonrovia
CurrencyLiberian dollar
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationJuly 26, 1847
FounderJoseph Jenkins Roberts

Liberia History

The country declared its independence on July 26, 1847. Liberty of Liberia was not recognized until February 5, 1862, during the American Civil War. Between January 7, 1822, and the American Civil War, more than 15,000 free and free-born black people, who faced the legislative frontier in the US border, and 3,198 Afro-Carbobins were transferred to the settlement. On January 3, 1848, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a wealthy, free-born African American from Virginia who settled in Liberia, was elected the first President of Liberia after all people declared independence. Liberia was the first African republic to declare its independence, and Africa's first and oldest modern republic.

Liberia Geography

Liberia is located in West Africa and is located in the southwest of the country from the North Atlantic Ocean. The three largest rivers in Liberia are St. Paul, which passes out of Monrovia, the St. John River in Buchanan and the Cestos River, all of which flow into the Atlantic. But Cavalla ) The longest river in the country is 515 kilometers (320 mi). Liberia is divided into fifteen counties cities, which in turn are divided into a total of 90 districts and further divided into clans.

Liberia Economy

The Central Bank of Liberia prints and maintains the Liberian Dollar, Liberia's primary currency. Liberia is one of the poorest countries in the world with a formal employment rate of 15%. Per capita GDP peaked at US $ 496 in 1980, when it was equal to Egypt's (at the time). The country's GDP in 2011 was US $ 1.154 billion, while the per capita GDP was US $ 297, the third lowest in the world. Historically, the Liberian economy relies heavily on foreign aid, foreign direct investment, and the export of natural resources such as iron ore, rubber, and timber.

Liberia Language

English is the official language of Liberia and serves as the lingua franca. There are 31 indigenous languages spoken in Liberia, but each is the first language for only a small percentage of the population. Liberians also speak a variety of creolized dialects, known as Liberian English.

Liberia Important Facts

  • Liberia is officially called the Republic of Liberia, it is located on the west coast of Africa.
  • Liberia borders Guinea to the north, Ivory Coast to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to the south.
  • Liberia was founded by the American Colonization Society in 1821–22 for slaves rescued from the United States, after which the people declared themselves independent on 26 July 1847.
  • Liberia is the only country in Africa whose history is not linked to Europeans.
  • The total area of ​​Liberia is 111,369 sq km. (43,000 square miles).
  • The official language of Liberia is English.
  • The currency of Liberia is named Liberian Dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Liberia in 2016 was 46.1 million.
  • Christianity is the main religion of most people in Liberia.
  • The two largest ethnic groups in Liberia are the Kpell and the Bassa.
  • The weather in Liberia is tropical, with most of the rainfall occurring during the summer season.
  • The national animal of Liberia is the lion.
  • The national bird garden of Liberia is the bulbul.

Liberia Important History Events

  • 06 february 1820 - Sponsored by the American Colonization Society, the first African American migrants departed New York to establish a settlement in present-day Liberia.
  • 03 january 1848 - Joseph Jenkins Roberts began his term as the first President of Liberia.
  • 16 August 1890 - Alexander Clarke, journalist and lawyer, became Liberia's designated minister.
  • 23 march 1991 - The Sierra Leone Civil War began when the Revolutionary UnitedFront, with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor's NationalPatriotic Front of Liberia, invaded Sierra Leone in an attempt tooverthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh.
  • 07 march 1994 - The President of Liberia, Charles Taylor has resigned from his post.
  • 23 november 2005 - Ellen Johnson Sirleaf won the Liberian general election, making her the first democratically elected female head of state in Africa.
  • 10 december 2010 - Somali pirates hijack a Liberian ship 80 nautical miles east of the border between Tanzania and Mozambique, in their most southerly attack yet.
  • 26 august 2013 - All 25,000 applicants that applied to the University of Liberia fail their entrance exams.
  • 01 august 2014 - Liberia and Sierra Leone declare a state of emergency in response to the Ebola virus disease by sending in troops and ordering the closure of schools and markets and the quarantining of affected communities.
  • 17 august 2014 - Picketers rob an Ebola quarantine center in the Liberian capital of Monrovia, causing the 17 patients to flee, and also the stealing of bloodstained bedding and medical equipment.

Populated Cities of Liberia

Buchanan, Gbarnga, Bensonville, Kakata, Harper, Barclayville, Voinjama, Rivercess, Zwedru, Robertsport, Sanniquellie, Monrovia, Greenville, Buchanan, Fish Town, Tubmanburg, Bopolu,

3 Neighbour countries of Liberia

Guinea [L] , Ivory Coast [LM] , Sierra Leone [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of Liberia

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
19392017Ruth Perry / Female / Politician / Liberia
1938Ellen Johnson Sirleaf / Female / Politician / Liberia
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