1865 in History – What happened in year 1865

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1865 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1865.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1865 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
15 januaryAmerican Civil War-The Union Army captured Fort Fisher, the last seaport of the Confederacy.
29 marchAmerican Civil War-The Appomattox Campaign opened with the Battle of Lewis's Farm, in which the Confederate States Army was forced into a series of retreats that would culminate in their surrender.
01 aprilOrdered to hold five forks, Confederate General George Pickett Instead lost almost 3,000.
02 aprilAmerican Civil War On the third try, Union Army forces captured Petersburg, Virginia, although Confederate government officials and most of the remaining Confederate army were able to escape.
09 aprilWith their supply trains destroyed by Union troops one day earlier, Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at the McLean House near the Appomattox Court House in Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War.
14 aprilActor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth fatally shot U.S. President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C.
26 aprilU.S. Army soldiers cornered and fatally shot John Wilkes Booth,the assassin of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, in rural northernVirginia, ending a twelve-day manhunt.
27 aprilAn explosion destroyed the steamboat Sultana on the Mississippi River, killing an estimated 1,800 of the 2,400 passengers.
01 mayBrazil, Uruguay and Argentina signed a treaty creating analliance against Paraguay in the War of the Triple Alliance.
12 mayIn the last major clash of arms of the American Civil War, the Union Army engaged the Confederates along the banks of the Rio Grandeeast of Brownsville, Texas.
17 mayThe International Telecommunication Union, an internationalorganization that standardizes and regulates international radio andtelecommunications, was founded as the International Telegraph Union inParis.
26 mayAmerican Civil War-General Edmund Kirby Smith negotiated thesurrender of his army, the only significant Confederate Army forceremaining in the war.
10 juneRichard Wagner's revolutionary Tristan und Isolde received itspremiere in Munich.
05 julyRoyal Assent was given to an Act of Parliament allowing theTalyllyn Railway to carry passengers by steam haulage – the firstnarrow gauge railway in Britain to do so from the start.
14 julyA seven-man team made the first ascent of the Matterhorn, marking the end of the golden age of alpinism.
21 julyIn one of the few recorded instances of a 'quick draw' gun duelin the American Old West, Wild Bill Hickok shot and killed Davis Tuttover a poker debt.
30 julyOff the coast of Crescent City, California, US, the steamshipBrother Jonathan, carrying a large shipment of gold coins that would notbe retrieved until 1996, struck an uncharted rock and sank, killing 225people.
06 novemberMonths after the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse effectively ended the American Civil War, the CSS Shenandoah became the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe ona cruise on which it sank or captured 38 vessels.
18 novemberAmerican author Mark Twain's story 'The Celebrated Jumping Frogof Calaveras County', his first great success as a writer, waspublished.
06 decemberSlavery in the United States was officially abolished when theThirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified.
24 decemberSix Confederate veterans of the American Civil War founded the Ku Klux Klan, which would later become a white supremacist group.
17 MayBahadur Shah was declared the second Mughal emperor.
18 MayCelebration of World Communication Day began.
19 JuneUnion General Graner freed all slaves in Texas.
04 JulyThe famous English novel Alice in Wonderland was published.
10 OctoberJohn Welsey Hyatt acquired a patent for a billiard ball.
28 JanuaryLala Lajpat Rai, a freedom fighter popularly known as Punjab Kesari, was born in Punjab.
08 FebruaryFor the first time, a black Martin Robison Delaney was made major in the US Army.
17 FebruaryThe Columbia Supreme Court was burned during the Civil War in the US.
11 JanuaryIn the Battle of Beverly, West Virginia, the Confederate army attacked the Union post.


Famous birthdays in the year 1865:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 JuneGeorge Lohmann / Cricketer / United Kingdom
02 AugustJohn Radecki / Artist / Australia
03 OctoberGustave Loiseau / Painter / France
04 DecemberEdith Cavell / Nurse / United Kingdom
08 March Frederic Goudy / Designer / United States of America
08 DecemberJacques Hadamard / Academic / France
09 February Mrs. Patrick Campbell / Actress / United Kingdom
09 AprilCharles Proteus Steinmetz / Engineer / United States of America
11 SeptemberRainis / Poet / Latvia
19 SeptemberFrank Eugene / Photographer / United States of America
21 March George Owen Squier / General / United States of America
23 SeptemberPekka Halonen / Painter / Finland
23 MayEpitácio Pessoa / Politician / Brazil
23 AprilAli-Agha Shikhlinski / General / Russia
23 JulyHenry Norris / Politician / United Kingdom
23 SeptemberSuzanne Valadon / Painter / France
25 MayPieter Zeeman / Academic / Netherlands
25 MayJohn Mott / Saint / United States of America
26 MayRobert W. Chambers / Author / United States of America
26 AugustArthur James Arnot / Engineer / Australia

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1865:

YearName / Profession / Country
31 March Anandi Gopal Joshi / Physician / India
28 JanuaryLala Lajpat Rai / Freedom Fighter / India
26 JulyRajanikanta Sen / Poet / India
31 January Shastriji Maharaj / Spiritual Leader / India
13 SeptemberWilliam Birdwood / Field Marshal / India
31 MarchAnandibai Gopalrao Joshi / Doctor / India
28 January Lala Lajpat Rai / Politician / India
31 MarchAnandi Gopal Joshi / Physician / India
28 JanuaryLajpat Rai / Politician / India
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