1871 in History – What happened in year 1871

In history, year 1871 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1871.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1871:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
18 januaryA number of independent German states unified into the German Empire, with Prussian King Wilhelm I being proclaimed as its first Emperor.
07 marchJosé Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco, became Prime Ministerof the Empire of Brazil, starting a four-year rule, the longest in thestate's history.
18 marchFrench President Adolphe Thiers ordered the evacuation of Parisafter an uprising broke out as the result of France's defeat in theFranco-Prussian War, leading to the establishment of the Paris Commune government.
21 marchFounder of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck was proclaimed as its first Chancellor.
22 marchWilliam Woods Holden became the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office due to impeachment.
29 marchThe Royal Albert Hall in Albertopolis, London, was officially opened by Queen Victoria.
10 juneNine days after Korean shore batteries attacked two Americanwarships, an American punitive expedition landed and captured severalforts on Ganghwa Island.
02 julyVictor Emmanuel II of Italy entered Rome after conquering it from the Papal States. The Papal States were territories in the Italian Peninsula under the sovereign direct rule of the pope, from the 700s until 1870. They were among the major important states of Italy from the eighth century until the Italian Peninsula was united in 1861 by the Kingdom of Piedmont and Sardinia.
08 octoberThe Great Chicago Fire commenced on Sunday, October 8, and went on for three days before it finally went out on Tuesday, October 10, 1871.
12 octoberThe Criminal Tribes Act entered into force in British India,giving law enforcement sweeping powers to arrest, control, and monitorthe movements of the members of 160 specific ethnic or socialcommunities that were defined as 'habitually criminal'.
10 novemberJournalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley located missingmissionary and explorer David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyikain present-day Tanzania.
26 decemberThespis, the first comic opera by Gilbert and Sullivan, made its debut at the Gaiety Theatre, London, UK.
08 OctoberThere was a fierce fire in the US city of Chicago for two days. The fire killed 300 people and destroyed 17,450 homes.
12 OctoberThe British Government enacted the Criminal Tribes Act under which 160 local communities were declared to be criminals.
21 OctoberNew York) was the first non-competitive outdoor athletic game in the US.
21 NovemberMoses F. Gayle of New York patented the cigar lighter.
25 JanuaryCaucasian struggler Dharmaguru Shaikh Shamil died in Madina Nagar.
12 FebruaryCharles Freer Andrews, a Christian missionary, educationist and social reformer in India, was born in Newcastle, England.
27 MarchThe first international rugby match was played between Scotland and England, which Scotland won.
28 JanuaryThe Purishis surrendered before Paris.
09 FebruaryThe Federal Fish Conservation Office was authorized by the US Congress.
03 MarchThe US Congress Civil Service System was established.
14 AprilCanada set the denomination of the currency as dollars, cents, and mills.
11 MayThe first trial in the Tichborne case began in the London Court of Common Pleas.
15 JunePhoebe Cousin became the first female graduate of an American college law school.
13 JulyThe world's first championship cat show at Crystal Palace London was hosted by Harrison Ware.
31 AugustAdolphe Thiers was made President of the French Republic.
17 SeptemberThe Mont Canis Railway Tunnel opened in Switzerland.
31 OctoberA Protestant Union was established in Dokkum, Netherlands.
24 NovemberThe National Rifle Association was organized.


Famous birthdays in the year 1871:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 SeptemberJ. Reuben Clark / Lawyer / United States of America
01 January Montagu Toller / Cricketer / United Kingdom
01 NovemberStephen Crane / Poet / United States of America
03 March Maurice Garin / Cyclist / France
04 March Boris Galerkin / Engineer / Russia
05 January Frederick Converse / Academic / United States of America
06 MayVictor Grignard / Academic / France
07 SeptemberGeorge Hirst / Cricketer / United Kingdom
07 AprilEpifanio de los Santos / Historian / Philippines
08 AprilClarence Hudson White / Photographer / United States of America
10 JulyMarcel Proust / Novelist / France
10 NovemberWinston Churchill / Author / United States of America
12 AprilIoannis Metaxas / Politician / Greece
16 March Hans Merensky / Geologist / South Africa
19 MayWalter Russell / Painter / United States of America
19 AugustOrville Wright / Engineer / United States of America
28 March Willem Mengelberg / Conductor / Netherlands
29 JulyJakob Mändmets / Writer / Estonia
29 AugustAlbert François Lebrun / Politician / France
31 March Arthur Griffith / Politician / Ireland

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1871:

YearName / Profession / Country
31 AugustHassan Imam / Barrister / India
07 MayAbanindranath Tagore / Painter / India
10 NovemberSachchidananda Sinha / Journalist / India

By Suresh

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