1934 in History – What happened in year 1934

In history, year 1934 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1934.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1934:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
02 februaryThe Export-Import Bank, the United States' official exportcredit agency, was established.
12 marchSupported by the Estonian Army, Konstantin Päts staged a coup d'état, beginning the Era of Silence.
24 marchThe Tydings–McDuffie Act came into effect, which provided for self-government of the Philippines and for Filipino independence from the United States after a period of ten years.
21 aprilThe 'Surgeon's Photograph', the most famous photo purportedly showing the Loch Ness Monster (later revealed to be a hoax) was published in the Daily Mail.
02 mayAdolf Hitler established the People’s Court on May 2, 1934 in Germany. It was set up outside the operation of the German’s constitution. It included crimes like black marketing, work slowdowns, defeatism and treason against the Third Reich. Verdicts were often sentenced without objection from defense counsel. .
07 mayThe Pearl of Lao Tzu, World’ largest pearl, was found on 7th May 1934 in the Palawan Sea, Philippines. Its diameter is 24 centimeters and weight is 6.4 kilograms, though it is not considered as gemstone pearl. It is also called as Pearl of Allah.
22 mayOskaloosa, lowa, became the first municipality in the United States to gather data of fingerprints all of its citizens including children.
23 mayDuring a strike against the Electric Auto-Lite company inToledo, Ohio, US, a mob of nearly 10,000 began a riot and a five-dayrunning battle with the Ohio National Guard.
30 juneAdolf Hitler violently purged members of the Sturmab teilung, its leader Ernst Röhm, and other political rivals in the Night of the Long Knives, executing at least 85 people.
22 julyBank robber John Dillinger, whose exploits were sensationalized across the United States, was shot dead by police in anambush outside the Biograph Theater in Chicago.
02 augustAdolf Hitler, the leader of Germany, became the president and chancellor of Germany today, after the death of the German President Paul Von Hindenburg,
11 augustThe most dangerous prisoners are imprisoned at Alcatraz 'The Rock,' as it is thought to be the toughest prison to escape from because of the strong tides.
19 augustAdolph Hitler is given the entire power of Germany, as the vote of the German people put together the positions of chancellor and president into the position of the Fuehrer.
22 septemberOne of Britain's worst mining accidents took place when anexplosion at Gresford Colliery in Wales, killed 266 men.
16 octoberSurrounded by Kuomintang troops, Zhou Enlai, Bo Gu, and OttoBraun led 130,000 Red Army soldiers and civilians on a 'Long March' from Jiangxi.
11 novemberThe Shrine of Remembrance, a memorial to all Australians whohave served in war, opened in Melbourne.
13 novemberThe French government has stated its objective of maintaining the stability of the French currency, Franc.
16 novemberAccording to a revelation by Great Britain a proposition was made to supply Japan with Theoretical naval equality. However, Americans and British were trying to persuade Japan to build ships less than permitted by them.
23 novemberAn Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogadenencountered a garrison of Somalis in Italian service at Walwal, whichled to the Abyssinia Crisis.
30 novemberThe steam locomotive Flying Scotsman became the first to officially exceed 100 miles per hour (161 km/h).
07 MayThe Philippines received the largest size pearl in the world.
30 JuneThe Christian dictator, Adolf Hitler, defeated opponents in his National Socialist Party.
17 SeptemberThe then Soviet Union joined the League of Nations.
21 September4000 people died due to a severe storm on Honsu Island in Japan.
21 OctoberNetaji Subhash Chandra Bose founded Azad Hind Fauj in Singapore.
26 OctoberAll India Rural Industries Association was established under the patronage of Mahatma Gandhi.
18 AugustFilm director, lyricist and poet Gulzar was born.
19 DecemberThe 12th President of India, Pratibha Patil was born in Jalgaon, Maharashtra.
09 JanuaryFamous playback singer of Hindi cinema Mahendra Kapoor was born.
15 JanuaryAn earthquake measuring 8.7 struck India and Nepal. About 11,000 lives were lost in this earthquake.


Famous birthdays in the year 1934:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 JulyJean Marsh / Actress / United Kingdom
01 NovemberUmberto Agnelli / Politician / Switzerland
03 AugustMichael Chapman / Bassoon Player / United Kingdom
03 SeptemberFreddie King / Writer / United States of America
06 AprilEnrique Álvarez Félix / Actor / Mexico
06 March Red Simpson / Writer / United States of America
07 February Earl King / Writer / United States of America
08 SeptemberPeter Maxwell Davies / Composer / United Kingdom
08 OctoberKader Asmal / Politician / South Africa
09 March Yuri Gagarin / Pilot / Russia
13 DecemberRichard D. Zanuck / Producer / United States of America
13 JulyPeter Gzowski / Journalist / Canada
14 February Florence Henderson / Actress / United States of America
17 AugustRon Henry / Footballer / United Kingdom
17 January Donald Cammell / Writer / United States of America
20 SeptemberDavid Marquand / Politician / United Kingdom
21 AugustPaul Panhuysen / Composer / Netherlands
24 DecemberJohn Critchinson / Composer / United Kingdom
29 SeptemberLindsay Kline / Cricketer / Australia
30 March Paul Crouch / Broadcaster / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1934:

YearName / Profession / Country
24 AprilJayakanthan / Author / India
20 SeptemberRajinder Puri / Journalist / India
15 January V. S. Ramadevi / Politician / India
11 OctoberTarun Gogoi / Politician / India
10 AprilD.D. Lapang / Politician / India
31 DecemberAmeer Muhammad Akram Awan / Poet / India
15 JanuaryV. S. Ramadevi / Civil Servant / India
10 MayNeil O"Brien / Politician / India
15 OctoberN. Ramani / Flute Player / India
15 JanuaryV. S. Ramadevi / Election Commissioner / India
15 JanuaryV. S. Ramadevi / Civil Servent / India
14 DecemberShyam Benegal / Writer / India
21 JulyChandu Borde / Cricketer / India
15 March Kanshi Ram / Politician / India
12 SeptemberShanta Kumar / Politician / India
19 MayRuskin Bond / Poet / India
19 DecemberPratibha Devi Singh Patil / Politician / India
19 DecemberPratibha Patil / Politician / India
19 DecemberPratibha Devi Singh Patil / Politician / India
19 MayRuskin Bond / Writer / India

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