Netherlands History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Netherlands has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Netherlands and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
The Netherlands was shaped by seas and rivers that were constantly shifting lower-geography. The earliest human traces were found in high soil near Maastricht, which is believed to have been around 250,000 years ago. After declaring their independence, the provinces of Holland, Zeeland, Groningen, Friesland, Utrecht, Overijel, and Gelderland formed a union. All these Duchesses, Lordships and Counties were autonomous and had their own government, the States-Provincial. The State General, the Confederal government, sat in The Hague and included representatives from each of the seven provinces.
The Netherlands is often referred to as Holland, and the area of this country is reduced due to coastal erosion and increased by winding and damming of the flow system. No other resident of any other country of the European continent is engaged in building the territory of their country as in the Netherlands. The climate of this country is almost the same everywhere. January is the coldest month. The average annual temperature of the city of Utrecht is 1.2 degrees. Most of its east is covered by snow.
The Netherlands has a developed economy and has been playing a special role in the European economy for many centuries. Since the 16th century, shipping, fishing, agriculture, trade and banking have been major sectors of the Dutch economy. The Netherlands has a high degree of economic independence. The Netherlands is one of the top countries in the Global Enabled Trade Report (second in 2016), and in 2017 was ranked the fifth most competitive economy in the world by the Swiss International Institute for Management Development. In addition, the country was ranked the second most innovative country in the world in the 2018 Global Innovation Index.
The official language is Dutch, spoken by most residents. In addition to Dutch, the western region is recognized as a second official language in the northern province of Friesland. The West Province enjoys a formal status for government correspondence in that province. Two other regional languages in the European part of the state are recognized under the European Charter for regional or minority languages.
The Netherlands (Holland) is a country located in the northeast of the continent of Europe, with its capital in Amsterdam.
The Netherlands is bordered on the south by Belgium and on the east by Germany. The northern sea lies on its northern and western borders.
The total area of the Netherlands (Holland) is 41,543 km2 (16,040 sq mi).
Dutch is the official language of the Netherlands (Holland).
The currency of the Netherlands (Holland) is named Euro and US Dollar.
According to the World Bank, the total population of the Netherlands (Holland) in 2016 was 1.7 crore.
Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, located in the Netherlands (Holland).
The Netherlands (Holland) was the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage in 2001.
In the 2014 Oxfam Report, the Netherlands was ranked the most nutritious, rich and healthy food country, out of 125 countries.
In the World Happiness Report 2013 released by the United Nations, the Netherlands was declared the fourth happiest country in the world.
Education in the Netherlands is compulsory for all children between 5 and 16 years of age.
The Netherlands (Holland) ranks first in the European Union and second worldwide in agricultural export value. The Netherlands lags behind only the United States, with export earnings of 80.7 billion euros in 2014.
The Netherlands has 20 national parks, as well as hundreds of forests and lakes.
KLM (Koninklijke Luchtvaartmaatschappij) is the Dutch national airline, the oldest national airline in the world. It was established in 1919.
In the year 2017, Netherlands was the largest producer and exporter of tulips in the world.
25 august 1248 - Ommen in the Netherlands received city rights and fortificationrights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht, after the town waspillaged at least twice by a local robber baron.
14 December 1287 - More than 50,000 people died during the flooding of St. Lucia in the northwestern Netherlands.
02 october 1470 - With King Edward IV of England forced to flee to the Netherlands after a rebellion organised by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, Henry VI was restored to the throne of England.
05 June 1507 - England and the Netherlands agreed to a trade agreement.
05 april 1566 - A covenant of nobles in the Habsburg Netherlands presented Governor Margaret of Parma a petition to suspend the Spanish Inquisition in the Netherlands.
23 may 1568 - The Netherlands declared their independence from Spain. The Dutch Revolt was the successful revolt of the northern, largely Protestant Seven Provinces of the Low Countries against the rule of the Roman Catholic King Philip II of Spain, who had inherited the region (Seventeen Provinces) from the defunct Duchy of Burgundy. The southern Catholic provinces initially joined in the revolt, but later submitted to Spain.
20 october 1572 - Eighty Years' War-Soldiers of the Spanish Tercios waded acrossthe river Scheldt at its mouth, walking overnight in water to chestheight, to relieve the siege of Goes in the Spanish Netherlands.
08 february 1575 - Leiden University, the oldest and highest-ranked university in the Netherlands, was founded by William, Prince of Orange.
09 november 1576 - The provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands signed thePacification of Ghent, to make peace with the rebelling provincesHolland and Zeeland, and also to form an alliance to drive the occupyingSpanish out of the country.
17 September 1598 - Sailors from the Netherlands discovered Mauritius.