Libya History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Libya has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Libya and important events related to Libya history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Libya Country Profile

CountryLibya
CapitalTripoli
CurrencyLibyan dinar
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union, Arab League, OPEC
FormationDecember 24, 1951
FounderKing Idris Al-sanusi

Libya History

The first inhabitants of Libya were of the Berber tribe. In the 7th century BC, the Phoenicians colonized the eastern part of Libya, called Cyrenaica, and the Greeks colonized the western part, called Tripolitania. In the 16th century, Tripolitania and Cyrenaica both nominally became part of the Ottoman Empire. After the outbreak of hostilities between Italy and Turki in 1911, Tripoli was captured by Italian troops. Libya continued to fight Itali until 1914 AD Libya was the scene of a desert battle during World War II. After the fall of Tripoli on 23 January 1943, it came under Allied administration. In 1949, the United Nations voted that Libya should be independent, and in 1951 it became Libya's United Kingdom.

Libya Geography

Libya is over 1,759,540 square kilometers (679,362 sq mi), making it the 16th largest country in the world in size. Libya is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the west by Tunisia and Algeria, on the southwest by Niger, on the south by Chad, on the southeast by Sudan, and on the east by Egypt. The part of the Mediterranean Sea north of Libya is often called the Libyan Sea. The climate is mostly dry and desert in nature. However, the northern regions enjoy a mild Mediterranean climate. The Libyan desert, which covers most of Libya, is one of the most dry and sun-drenched places on Earth. In places here, a person can pass decades without seeing any rain, and even in high altitudes, it rarely rains once in 5–10 years. In Uweinat, the last recorded rainfall as of 2006 was in September 1998.

Libya Economy

The Libyan economy relies primarily on revenue from the oil sector, which accounts for half of GDP and exports at 97%. Libya holds the largest proven oil reserves in Africa and sunlight is an important contributor to the global supply of sweet crude oil. During 2010, when oil averaged at $ 80 per barrel, oil production was 54% of GDP. Apart from petroleum, other natural resources are natural gas and gypsum. Libya's real GDP growth was estimated at 122% in 2012 and 16.7% in 2013 by the International Monetary Fund. Defines Libya as Upper Middle Income Economy. The population here is less than its size.

Libya Language

According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the official language of Libya is Arabic. The local Libyan Arabic variety is billed alongside Modern Standard Arabic. Various barbaric languages ​​are also spoken, including Tamashek, Ghadmiya, Nafusi, Sukanah and Azilah. In addition, Italian and English are widely understood in major cities, formerly used in commerce and still spoken among the rest of the Italian population.

Libya Important Facts

  • Libya is officially called the great socialist Libyan Arab Jamhuria, it is located in North Africa.
  • Libya borders Algeria, Tunisia to the west, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the north-east, Chad and Niger to the south and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.
  • Libya was colonized by Italy in 1910 and ceded to France and Britain in February 1947, at that time it was called the United Libyan Kingdom and was made independent on 24 December 1951.
  • The United Libyan Kingdom was renamed the Kingdom of Libya in 1963 and in 1969 it was renamed Libyan Arab Republic in 1977 and renamed the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamhuria.
  • The total area of ​​Libya is 1,759,541 sq km. (679,359 square miles).
  • The official language of Libya is Arabic.
  • The Libyan currency is named Libyan Dinar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Libya in 2016 was 62.9 lakh.
  • The main religion of most people in Libya is Islam religion which belongs to Sunni community.
  • King Idris Libya was the only king who ruled from 1951 to 1969, he was later overthrown by Colonel Gaddafi in 1969.
  • Libya is a predominantly desert country, with 90% of its land area covered by deserts.
  • The highest mountain in Libya is Bikku Bitti or Bette Peak, which is 2,266 m (7,434 ft) high.
  • The national animal and bird of Libya is the Arabian Eagle.
  • The national dish of Libya is couscous.
  • Libya's first civil war began on 15 February 2011 and ended on 23 October 2011, also known as the Libyan Revolution, the 17 February Revolution.

Libya Important History Events

  • 13 September 922 - The highest temperature on land was recorded in El Azizia, Libya. This temperature measured in the shade was 136.4 ° F 58 ° C).
  • 01 august 1801 - First Barbary War-The American schooner USS Enterprise captured the Tripolitan polacca Tripoli in a single-ship action off thecoast of modern-day Libya.
  • 13 September 1940 - The Italian army captured Libya in Egypt and Fort Campuzzo in Sallum.
  • 05 january 1941 - Second World War-Australian and British troops defeated Italian forces in Bardia, Libya, the first battle of the war in which an Australian Army formation took part.
  • 06 February 1941 - The Battle of Beda Foam began in Libya.
  • 20 November 1942 - British forces recaptured Libyan capital Benghazi.
  • 01 september 1969 - A bloodless coup d'état led by Muammar Gaddafi overthrewIdris I of Libya.
  • 17 April 1971 - Egypt, Libya and Syria together formed the Union to form the United Arab State.
  • 04 March 1972 - Libya and the Soviet Union signed a cooperation treaty.
  • 21 february 1973 - After accidentally having strayed into Israeli airspace, Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 was shot down by two Israeli fighter aircraft.

Populated Cities of Libya

Dirj, Nalut, Ghadamis, Awjilah, Bani Walid, Marzuq, Qaminis, Tmassah, As Sidr, Birak, Shahhat, Misratah, Umm al Abid, Tubruq, Mizdah, Maradah, Ghat, Al Jawf, Tripoli, Al Khums, Az Zawiyah, Hun, Zuwarah, Al Bayda, Al Jaghbub, Al Marj, Tajarhi, Gharyan, Ajdabiya, Surt, Darnah, Banghazi, Sabha, El Agheila, Zillah, Idri, Awbari, Al Kufrah, Al `Aziziyah,

9 Neighbour countries of Libya

Algeria [L] , Chad [L] , Egypt [LM] , Greece [M] , Italy [M] , Malta [M] , Niger [L] , Sudan [L] , Tunisia [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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