1974 in History – What happened in year 1974

In history, year 1974 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1974.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1974:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
04 januaryHarry Schwarz and Mangosuthu Buthelezi signed the Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith, the first declaration by black and white SouthAfrican leaders to commit to non-violence and a non-discriminatory society.
27 januaryThe Brisbane River, which runs through the heart of Brisbane,broke its banks and flooded the surrounding areas.
02 februaryThe F-16 Fighting Falcon, one of the most popular jet fighters ever built, had its first flight.
04 februaryAmerican newspaper heiress and socialite Patty Hearst was kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army, which she later joined in one of the most well-known cases of Stockholm syndrome.
04 februaryThe Provisional Irish Republican Army bombed a motor coach carrying off-duty British Armed Forces personnel and their family members, killing twelve and wounding fifty more.
12 februaryRussian author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was arrested and subsequently deported from the Soviet Union for writing The Gulag Archipelago, an exposé of the Soviet forced labour camp system.
26 marchA group of peasant women in Chamoli district, Uttarakhand,India, used their bodies to surround trees in order to prevent logger from feeling them, giving rise to the Chipko movement.
29 marchA group of farmers in Shaanxi province, China, discovered a vast collection of terracotta statues depicting the armies of the first Emperor of China Qin Shi Huang, now known as the Terracotta Army.
29 marchNASA's Mariner 10, launched in November 1973, became the first space probe to fly by the planet Mercury.
01 mayArgentine President Juan Perón expelled the Montoneros from ademonstration in the Plaza de Mayo in Buenos Aires, forcing the group to become clandestine and later a target of the Dirty War.
04 mayAn all-female Japanese team reached the summit of Manaslu in the Himalayas, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak.
12 may12th May was declared as the International Nurses Day as it the birth anniversary of the founder of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale. The International Council of Nurses has been celebrated this day by distributing the International Nurses Day kit.
15 mayA unit of the Golani Brigade assaulted an elementary school inMa'alot, Israel, where three armed members of the Democratic Front forthe Liberation of Palestine had taken 115 people hostage, resulting in28 deaths.
16 mayJosip Broz Tito was re-elected as the ‘President for life’ of Yugoslavia on May 16, 1974. He died of gangrene on May 4, 1980 at the age of 87.
17 mayThe Ulster Volunteer Force detonated four car bombs on May 17, 1974 in Dublin and Monaghan, Republic of Ireland, killing 33 civilians and injuring 300. It was the deadliest terrorist attack in the Republic’s history.
18 mayIndia‘s first nuclear weapon explosion operation Smiling Buddha was performed on May 18, 1974 at Pokhran Test Range in Rajasthan under the administration of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. India became the sixth nation to do so in the world after Russia, UK, France, China and US who are five permanent members of United Nations Security Council.
04 juneThe Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseball hosted Ten CentBeer Night, but had to forfeit the game to the Texas Rangers due torioting by drunken fans.
29 juneIsabel Perón was sworn in as the first female President ofArgentina, replacing her ill husband Juan Perón, who died two dayslater.
29 juneRussian dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected from the SovietUnion while on tour with the Bolshoi Ballet in Toronto.
30 juneMunicipal workers in Baltimore, Maryland, went on strike seeking higher wages and better conditions.
30 julyTo impeach President Nixon in the Watergate cover-up, House Judiciary Committee voted on 3rd and last charge of 'high crimes and misdemeanors'.
04 augustA bomb placed by a neo-fascist group exploded on a train of theFerrovie dello Stato while on the Bologna–Florence railway.
09 augustIn the face of almost certain impeachment and removal from office due to the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon became the only President of the United States to resign from office.
08 septemberWatergate scandal-U.S. President Gerald Ford gave recentlyresigned President Richard Nixon a full and unconditional, butcontroversial, pardon for any crimes he committed while in office.
12 septemberEmperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia was deposed by the Derg,a military junta.
18 septemberHurricane Fifi struck Honduras, destroying 182 towns andvillages in the first 24 hours, and ultimately causing over 8,000deaths.
25 septemberThe first surgery to replace the ulnar collateral ligament,commonly known as the Tommy John surgery after the first patient, wasperformed by Dr. Frank Jobe.
02 octoberAs per the studies conducted by Dr. Robert Heath of Tulane University Medical School, New Orleans, smoking cannabis could cause brain damage.
21 novemberExplosives placed in two central pubs in Birmingham, England,killed 21 people and injured 182 others, and eventually led to thearrest and imprisonment of six people who were later exonerated.
24 novemberAn international team of scientists working in northeastern Ethiopia has found the partial skeleton of a three-million-year-old hominid that it claims is the most complete early man discovery ever made in Africa, the skeleton is better known and referred to as Lucy.


Famous birthdays in the year 1974:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 JuneMichael Rasmussen / Cyclist / Denmark
02 March Hayley Lewis / Swimmer / Australia
05 March Kevin Connolly / Actor / United States of America
06 OctoberHoàng Xuân Vinh / Shooter / Vietnam
07 NovemberChristian Gómez / Footballer / Argentina
09 JulyTsuyoshi Kusanagi / Actor / Japan
11 MayBenoît Magimel / Actor / France
12 AprilRoman Hamrlík / Ice Hockey Player / Czech Republic
13 February Fonzworth Bentley / Actor / United States of America
14 OctoberTümer Metin / Footballer / Turkey
19 MayEmma Shapplin / Soprano / France
20 NovemberTaavi Veskimägi / Politician / Estonia
22 OctoberJeff McInnis / Basketball Player / United States of America
23 JuneJoel Edgerton / Actor / Australia
25 MayMiguel Tejada / Baseball Player / United States of America
25 OctoberLee Byung-kyu / Baseball Player / South Korea
27 March George Koumantarakis / Footballer / Greece
27 AprilFrank Catalanotto / Baseball Player / United States of America
30 DecemberAlexandro Alves do Nascimento / Footballer / Brazil
30 MayCeeLo Green / Actor / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1974:

YearName / Profession / Country
29 DecemberTwinkle Khanna / Actress / India
05 AprilDicky Dolma / Mountaineer / India
19 NovemberArun Vijay / Actor / India
04 JuneJacob Sahaya Kumar Aruni / Chef / India
09 SeptemberVikram Batra / Captain / India
05 DecemberRavish Kumar / Author / India
23 OctoberAravind Adiga / Writer / India
07 JuneMahesh Bhupathi / Tennis Player / India
05 AprilDinky dolma / Mountaineer / India
09 JanuaryFarhan Akhtar / Film Director / India
08 MarchFardeen Khan / Actor / India
01 NovemberV. V. S. Laxman / Cricketer / India
14 March Rohit Shetty / Actor / India
12 JulyParvin Dabas / Actor / India
25 FebruaryDivya Bharti / Actress / India
25 JuneKarishma Kapoor / Actress / India
19 MayNawazuddin Siddiqui / Actor / India
20 MarchGayatri Joshi / Actress / India
03 SeptemberRahul Sanghvi / Cricketer / India
04 FebruaryUrmila Matondkar / Actress / India

By Suresh

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