Trinidad and Tobago History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, North America Continent

Trinidad and Tobago has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Trinidad and Tobago and important events related to Trinidad and Tobago history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Trinidad and Tobago Country Profile

CountryTrinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar
ContinentNorth America
FounderDr. Eric Williams

Trinidad and Tobago History

The island of Trinidad was under Spain, from the arrival of Columbus in 1498 to the Spanish governor's surrender to Britain on 18 February 1797. During this time, Spanish, British, French, Dutch, Courland were ruled by the island of Tobago. In 1802 May Trinidad and Tobago was ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Amienz. It gained independence in 1962 and became a republic in 1976. Its economy, unlike other English-speaking Caribbean countries, is primarily based on industry.

Trinidad and Tobago Geography

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a country located entirely on the bipedes in the Caribbean Sea. It is north-east of Venezuela, in the south Caribbean. Its watershed shares the waters with Barbados to the north-east, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.

Trinidad and Tobago Economy

The economy of Trinidad is mainly dependent on the petroleum industry. Tourism and manufacturing are also important for the local economy. Tourism is a growing region, although it is less compared to many other Caribbean islands. The main agricultural products include lemon, cocoa and other products. According to the World Bank, Trinidad and Tobago ranks 69th among the world's top high-income economies. The government of this country did very well economic development of the country. The country had a growth rate of 7% between 2003-2008. It is the economic power of the Caribbean.

Trinidad and Tobago Language

English is the formal language of this country (the local standard of English is called 'Trinidad English'). But the main colloquial language is two Creole languages based on English. Trinidad Creole in Trinidad and Tobagona Creole in Tobago, highlighting the country's Spanish, Indian, African and European heritage.

Trinidad and Tobago Important Facts

  • Trinidad and Tobago, officially called Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a island country in the Caribbean Sea.
  • Trinidad and Tobago was first discovered in 1498 by Christopher Columbus.
  • Trinidad and Tobago gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 31 August 1962.
  • The total area of ​​Trinidad and Tobago is 5,131 sq km. (1,981 square miles).
  • The official language of Trinidad and Tobago is English.
  • The currency of Trinidad and Tobago is Trinidad and Tobago Dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Trinidad and Tobago in 2016 was 13.6 lakhs.
  • In Trinidad and Tobago, the religion of most people is Christian, Hindu and Muslim.
  • The highest point in Trinidad and Tobago is El Cerro del Aripo, which is 940 meters high.
  • Caroni River is the longest in Trinidad and Tobago, with a length of 40 km.
  • The largest lake in Trinidad and Tobago is Trinidad's La Brea Pitch Lake.
  • Janelle Commissiong of Trinidad and Tobago was the first black Miss Universe to be crowned in 1977.
  • Trinidad has a statue of the Hindu deity Hanuman which is 85 feet long.
  • The national bird of Trinidad and Tobago is Scarlet Ibis.
  • The national dish of Trinidad and Tobago is callaloo.

Trinidad and Tobago Important History Events

  • 12 July 1939 - Trinidad and Tobago Red Cross Society was established.
  • 26 October 1976 - Republic of Trinidad and Tobago gained independence from Britain.
  • 27 july 1990 - Members of Jamaat al Muslimeen attempted to overthrow the government of Trinidad and Tobago by taking hostages at the Red Houseincluding Prime Minister A. N. R. Robinson, before surrendering six dayslater.
  • 25 May 2010 - 59-year-old Indian-born Kamala Prasad Bisesar was elected the first woman Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, defeating outgoing Prime Minister Patrick Manning.

Populated Cities of Trinidad and Tobago

Port-of-Spain, San Fernando, Siparia, Scarborough, Sangre Grande, Rio Claro, Princes Town, Point Fortin, Diego Martin, Debe, Couva, Chaguanas, Aranguez, Arima, Tunapuna,

5 Neighbour countries of Trinidad and Tobago

Barbados [M] , Grenada [M] , Guyana [M] , Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [M] , Venezuela [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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