Iceland History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Iceland has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Iceland and important events related to Iceland history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Iceland Country Profile

CountryIceland
CapitalReykjavík
CurrencyIcelandic króna
ContinentEurope

Iceland History

The first people who stayed in Iceland were monks of Ireland. They came here around 800 AD. In the 9th century, Norse people came to live here. The first to live in Iceland was Flóki Vilgerðarson. It was among those who gave this name to Iceland. A Norwegian commander who lived to the southwest of Iceland founded Reykjavik. When Germany took over Denmark on 9 April 1940, Althing, the parliament of Iceland, decided that the people of Iceland should govern their country themselves, but had not yet declared independence. First British and later American troops occupied Iceland so that the Germans could not attack it. Iceland eventually became a fully independent nation in 1944.

Iceland Geography

Iceland is geologically very active and due to the warm currents of the Gulf which flow towards it, it receives heavy rainfall and snowfall and these currents have developed many interesting and unusual geographical features which are so close to any arctic circle. Others are very different from the island. Iceland, although considered a European country, falls partly in North America, as it lies on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (ridge), which forms the boundary between the tectonic plates of Eurasian and North America. This Cuttack passes through the historically populated Reykjavik and Thingvellir regions and is a source of abundant geothermal energy in the activity areas of these separate tectonic plates.

Iceland Economy

On the basis of economic indicators, Iceland is among the richest countries in the world. In 2007, the per capita gross income was $ 63,730. (Ranked fourth in the world, according to the International Monetary Fund) The economy is primarily based on fishing, which accounts for 60% of the country's export earnings and employs 8% of the country's workforce. Iceland has no resources other than fish and immense hydroelectric and geothermal energy. Therefore, the economy is affected by changes in fish products and their processing prices in the international market. Seamant is the only product.

Iceland Language

The official written and spoken language of Iceland is Icelandic, a northern Germanic language descended from Old Norse. In grammar and vocabulary, it is less changed from Old Norse than other Nordic languages; Icelandic has preserved more verb and noun inflection, and has developed largely new vocabulary based on native roots rather than borrowing from other languages.

Iceland Important Facts

  • Iceland, officially called the Republic of Iceland, is a sovereign country located in northwestern Europe.
  • Iceland became independent in the year 1918 and in 1944 established the Republic of Iceland.
  • The total area of ​​Iceland is 1,03,000 square kilometers (39,768.5 square miles).
  • Icelandic is the official language of Iceland.
  • Icelandic currency is named Icelandic krona.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Iceland in 2016 was 3.34 lakhs.
  • Iceland is the second largest island in Europe after Britain and the eighteenth largest island in the world.
  • In 1970, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir was elected President of Iceland. She was the world's first democratically elected female president.
  • Iceland is a representative democracy and parliamentary republic.
  • According to the International Monetary Fund, Iceland's per capita gross income in 2007 was $ 63,730. Which was fourth in the world.
  • In 2013, Iceland was ranked the 13th most developed country in the world by the UN's Human Development Index.
  • Iceland was one of the first countries in the world to legalize same-sex marriage. Iceland is ranked in the top three countries for women to live.
  • The Icelandic government banned prostitution in 2009 and strip clubs in 2010.
  • Beer was illegal in Iceland until 1989.
  • Iceland does not have an army, navy or air force.

Iceland Important History Events

  • 07 june 1783 - Iceland's Laki craters began an eight-month eruption,triggering major famine and massive fluorine poisoning.
  • 08 june 1783 - Laki, a volcano in Iceland started an 8 month-eruption. It poured out estimated 14 K.M.3 basalt lava and poisonous clouds of SO₂ and acid compounds. This calamity caused death of 50% of Iceland's livestock population. The volcanic eruption led to a famine which killed 25% population of Iceland.
  • 08 june 1783 - Iceland's Laki craters began an eight-month eruption, triggering major famine and massive fluorine poisoning.
  • 08 June 1783 - The Lucky Volcano 8-month eruption began in southern Iceland.
  • 03 july 1844 - The last known pair of great auks, the only modern species inthe genus Pinguinus, were killed in Eldey, off the coast of Iceland.
  • 01 December 1874 - Iceland was made a constitution and limited home rule on behalf of Denmark.
  • 01 december 1918 - With the signing of the Act of Union, Denmark recognized the Kingdom of Iceland as a fully sovereign state in personal union with Denmark through a common monarch.
  • 28 January 1935 - Iceland became the first Western country to legalize abortion.
  • 17 june 1944 - Iceland declared independence from Denmark and became a republic. Abolishing the monarchy resulted in little change to the Icelandic constitution. The people of Iceland celebrated the end of the long struggle for total independence and praised Jón Sigurðsson for his early independence movement and Sveinn Björnsson, who became the first president of Iceland.
  • 01 September 1958 - The first cod war began between the United Kingdom and Iceland.

Populated Cities of Iceland

Keflavik, Selfoss, Saudarkrokur, Isafjordur, Egilsstadir, Borgarnes, Hofn, Reykjavik, Akureyi,

2 Neighbour countries of Iceland

Denmark [M] , Norway [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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