1944 in History – What happened in year 1944

In history, year 1944 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1944.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1944:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
22 januaryWorld War II-The Allies commenced Operation Shingle, anamphibious landing against Axis forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno,Italy.
27 januaryWorld War II-The Soviet Leningrad–Novgorod Offensive successfully lifted the Siege of Leningrad, 872 days after it began.
29 januaryWorld War II: At least 38 people were killed and about a dozen injured when the Polish village of Koniuchy (present-day Kani?kai, Lithuania) was attacked by Soviet partisan units.
23 februaryIn response to an insurgency in Chechnya, the Soviet Union began the forced deportation of native Chechens and Ingush population of North Caucasus to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
29 februaryThe Admiralty Islands campaign during the Pacific War of World War II began when American forces assaulted Los Negros Island, the third largest of the Admiralty Islands.
01 marchWorld War II-American and Australian troops won the Battle of Sio in New Guinea.
04 marchMurder, Inc. leader Louis Buchalter was executed, the onlymajor mob boss to receive the death penalty in the United States afterbeing convicted of murder.
09 marchWorld War II-As part of the Battle of Narva, the Soviet Air Forces heavily bombed Tallinn, Estonia, killing up to 800 people, mostlycivilians.
24 marchWorld War II-German occupation troops killed 335 people in Rome as a reprisal for a partisan attack conducted on the previous day against the SS Police Regiment Bozen.
24 marchSecond World War-Captured Allied airmen began 'the Great Escape', breaking out of the German prison camp Stalag Luft III.
14 aprilThe freighter SS Fort Stikine carrying a mixed cargo of cotton bales, gold, and ammunition exploded in the harbour in Bombay, India,sinking surrounding ships and killing about 800 people.
28 aprilWorld War II-During Exercise Tiger, a large-scale rehearsal for the invasion of Normandy, German S-boats attacked an Allied convoy, killing 946 American servicemen.
05 mayMahatma Gandhi was released after 2 years on May 5, 1944 because of his deteriorating health issues. He was arrested on August 9, 1942 by British authority for refusing to endorse war efforts in India during World War II.
09 mayThe first eye bank was founded on May 9, 1944 in New York, United States by two physicians Dr. John MacLean and Dr. Townley Paton to store eyes for cornea transplant.
18 mayThe Battle of Monte Cassino was ended on May 18, 1944 after 123 days series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during World War II. Operation Diadem, the fourth battle of Monte Cassino took place on 11th May 1944 and was supported by the air attacks named Operation Strangle; on 18th May German position collapsed.
18 mayWorld War II-Polish forces under Lieutenant GeneralWladyslaw Anders captured Monte Cassino, Italy, after a four-monthbattle.
18 mayThe Soviet Union forcibly deported the entire population ofCrimean Tatars as special settlers to Uzbek SSR and elsewhere in thecountry.
04 juneA United States Navy task group captured German submarine U-505, which survives today as a museum ship at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago.
10 juneSix hundred and forty people including men, women and children were killed in the city of Oradour-sur-Glane during the World War II. Oradour-sur-Glane was a city in France which was attacked by German forces. This incident is known as Oradur-sur-Glane Massacre.
14 juneSecond World War-Although the British Army abandoned the attempt to capture Caen, the Germans had been forced to commit their most powerful armoured reserves in a defensive role.
15 juneIn the Saskatchewan general election, the Co-operativeCommonwealth Federation led by Tommy Douglas won enough seats in theLegislative Assembly to form the first socialist government in NorthAmerica.
17 juneIceland declared independence from Denmark and became a republic. Abolishing the monarchy resulted in little change to the Icelandic constitution. The people of Iceland celebrated the end of the long struggle for total independence and praised Jón Sigurðsson for his early independence movement and Sveinn Björnsson, who became the first president of Iceland.
19 juneWorld War II-The navies of the United States and Imperial Japan engaged each other off the Mariana Islands in the Philippine Sea.
25 juneWorld War II-United States Navy and Royal Navy ships bombardedCherbourg, France, to support U.S. Army units engaged in the Battle ofCherbourg.
03 julyWorld War II: Minsk was liberated from German control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration. Operation Bagration was the codename for the Soviet 1944 Belorussian Strategic attack Operation during World War II. It cleared German forces from the eastern Poland and Belorussian SSR.
07 julyBiggest Benzai charge was used by Japanese army against US in the battle of Saipan. The battle of Saipan took place during 2nd world war. This battle took place at the Mariana Islands. The battle resulted in victory of USA with lots of casualties on both the sides.
09 julyForces of Britain and Canada captured Caen, a city in France during 2nd world war. The city was controlled by Nazi Germans after the invasion of France. The battle was known as Battle of Normandy.
09 julySaipan was taken under control by US. This event occurred during 2nd world war. The Saipan Island of marina island groups was captured by Japanese forces. US allied with Canada together started campaign to take over the Islands.
09 julyThe battle of Tali-Ihantala ended. The battle was won by Finland against soviets. This war was fought during 2nd world war. It was the largest battle ever fought in northern part of Europe. Finnish forces succeed in stopping soviet forces to enter through Finland. The Finland was supported by Germany.
17 julyTwo ships laden with ammunition for World War II exploded atthe Port Chicago Naval Magazine in Port Chicago, California, killing 320 sailors and civilians, and injuring more than 400 others.


Famous birthdays in the year 1944:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
04 MayJohn Rhys-Davies / Actor / United Kingdom
05 SeptemberGareth Evans / Politician / Australia
06 JuneEdgar Froese / Writer / Russia
07 JulyEmanuel Steward / Boxer / United States of America
07 SeptemberForrest Blue / Footballer / United States of America
17 SeptemberJean Taylor / Academic / United States of America
17 March Cito Gaston / Baseball Player / United States of America
20 March Camille Cosby / Author / United States of America
20 NovemberDonald DiFrancesco / Politician / United States of America
21 SeptemberBobby Tench / Writer / United Kingdom
22 February Robert Kardashian / Business Man / United States of America
22 SeptemberBrian Gibson / Director / United Kingdom
23 SeptemberEric Bogle / Writer / Australia
23 February Florian Fricke / Composer / Germany
23 JulyMaria João Pires / Pianist / Portugal
25 OctoberAzizan Abdul Razak / Politician / Malaysia
27 March Jesse Brown / Politician / United States of America
29 March Denny McLain / Baseball Player / United States of America
29 OctoberMehmet Haberal / Academic / Turkey
30 March Brian Wilshire / Radio Host / Australia

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1944:

YearName / Profession / Country
NA NATej P. Singh / Scientist / India
25 DecemberMani Kaul / Director / India
11 January Shibu Soren / Politician / India
16 OctoberLachhu Maharaj / Instrumentalist / India
04 NovemberDr Padmavathy Bandopadhyay / Flying Officer / India
11 JanuaryShibu Soren / Politician / India
24 DecemberOswald Gracias / Cardinal / India
01 MarchBuddhadev Bhattacharya / Politician / India
21 MarchPinarayi Vijayan / Politician / India
20 AugustRajiv Gandhi / Politician / India
09 JulyTabassum / Actress / India
04 AugustDilip Prabhavalkar / Actor / India
09 NovemberChitresh Das / Choreographer / India
21 OctoberKulbhushan Kharbanda / Actor / India
01 JanuaryParikshit Sahni / Actor / India
20 AugustRajeev Gandhi / Politician / India
06 OctoberJitranram Manjhi / Politician / India
13 JulyPu Zoramthanga / Politician / India
20 AugustRajiv Gandhi / Politician / India
30 NovemberRameshchandra Agrawal / Journalist / India

By Suresh

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