Norway History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Norway has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Norway and important events related to Norway history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Norway Country Profile

CurrencyNorwegian krone
FounderEinar Gerhardsen, King Harald Fairhair

Norway History

The Herald V of the House of Gluckusburg is the current King of Norway. Erna Solberg has been Prime Minister since 2013 when she replaced Jens Stoltenberg. As a unilateral sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy, Norway divided state power between the Parliament, the Cabinet, and the Supreme Court as determined by the 1814 Constitution. The state was founded in 872 as a merger of several petty states and has existed continuously for 1,148 years. From 1537 to 1814, Norway was a part of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, and from 1814 to 1905, it was in a personal union with the Kingdom of Sweden. Norway was neutral during World War I. Norway remained indifferent until April 1940 when the country was invaded by the end of the Second World War and annexed by Germany.

Norway Geography

The main region of Norway comprises the western and northern part of the Scandinavian peninsula; The remote islands of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the Sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent areas and as such are not considered part of the state. Norway also claims a portion of Antarctica known as Queen Mad Land. The southern and western parts of Norway, fully exposed to Atlantic storm fronts, experience more rainfall and have warmer winters than eastern and far northern parts. Areas to the east of the coastal mountains are in a rain shadow, and have fewer rain and snow totals than the west. The Terai regions around Oslo have the hottest and hottest summers, but the winters also have cooler weather and snow.

Norway Economy

Norwegian people enjoy the highest per capita GDP in Norwegian countries (after Luxembourg) and the sixth-highest GDP (PPP) in the world. Today, Norway ranks as the second wealthiest country in the world in monetary value, with the largest capital reserve per capita of any nation. Norway is also a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, and the Nordic Council, the European Economic Area, the World Trade Organization, and the OECD. Schengen area. In addition, Norwegian languages share mutual understanding with Danish and Swedish.

Norway Language

Norway and Sámi are two official languages of Norway. The North Germanic Norwegian language has two official written forms, Bokmäl and Nynorsk. Both are used in public administration, schools, churches and media. Bokmal is the language written by a large majority of around 80–85%. About 95% of the population speaks Norwegian as their first or native language.

Norway Important Facts

  • Norway is officially called the monarchy of Norway, a country located in the continent of Europe.
  • Norway borders Sweden in the east and some areas in the north with Finland and Russia.
  • The total area of ​​Norway is 385,203 sq km. (148,728 sq mi).
  • The official language of Norway is Norwegian.
  • The currency of Norway is named Norwegian Krone.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Norway in 2016 was 52.35 lakhs.
  • In Norway, May 17 is celebrated as National Day. The constitution of Norway was formed on this day in 1814 AD.
  • The Parliament of Norway is called Storting, whose members are elected every 4 years.
  • According to the World Happiness Report 2017 released by the United Nations, Norway was the happiest country in the world.
  • The Lerdal Tunnel is the longest road tunnel in the world. The length of which is 15 miles (24.5 km).
  • The cheese slicer was invented in the year 1925 by the Norwegian inventor Thor Börklund.
  • If you have a television in Norway, you have to pay an annual license fee of US $ 480.66.
  • Norway is the world's largest exporter of salmon.
  • In 1945, Norway was one of the founding nations of the United Nations and the first UN Secretary-General was the Norwegian Foreign Minister Trygve Lie.
  • Norwegian marathon runner Grete Waitz was the first woman to run a marathon in less than an hour and a half.

Norway Important History Events

  • 20 september 1066 - King Harald III of Norway and Tostig Godwinson, his Englishally, fought and defeated the Northern Earls Edwin and Morcar in theBattle of Fulford near York, England.
  • 29 june 1194 - Sverre is crowned King of Norway. Sverre Sigurdsson was the King of Norway from 1184 to 1202. He married Margareta Eriksdotter, the daughter of the Swedish king Eric IX, by whom he had the daughter Kristina Sverresdotter.
  • 02 october 1263 - Scottish–Norwegian War-The armies of Norway and Scotland fought at the Battle of Largs, an inconclusive engagement near thepresent-day town of Largs in North Ayrshire.
  • 08 march 1658 - After a devastating defeat in the Northern Wars, King Frederick III of Denmark–Norway was forced to give up nearly half his Danish territory to Sweden to save the rest.
  • 08 march 1702 - Princess Anne of Denmark and Norway became the Queen ofEngland, Scotland and Ireland, succeeding William III.
  • 24 December 1715 - Sweden's army captured Norway.
  • 03 july 1767 - Norway's oldest newspaper Adresseavisen was founded which is still in print. The paper was originally founded as a classified publication. The name of the newspaper changed many times before. Locally it is often called as Adressa.
  • 24 September 1788 - The \ Theater War \ began when the Denmark-Norway army attacked Sweden.
  • 14 january 1814 - Sweden and Denmark–Norway signed the Treaty of Kiel, whereby Frederick VI of Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden in return for the Swedish holdings in Pomerania.
  • 17 May 1814 - The Constitution of Norway was signed and Christian Frederick was elected the new King of Norway by the Constituent Assembly of Norway.

Populated Cities of Norway

Drammen, Namsos, Oslo, Skien, Kristiansand, Vossavangen, Tromso, Vadso, Alesund, Sandnes, Svolvaer, Haugesund, Finnsnes, Tonsberg, Moss, Bodo, Kirkenes, Arendal, Hamar, Rorvik, Gjovik, Bergen, Mo i Rana, Narvik, Leikanger, Lillehammer, Harstad, Molde, Stavanger, Trondheim, Alta, Baerum, Steinkjer, Hammerfest, Hermansverk, Sarpsborg,

5 Neighbour countries of Norway

Denmark [M] , Finland [L] , Russia [LM] , Sweden [LM] , United Kingdom [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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