Lebanon History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Lebanon has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Lebanon and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
The history of the land of Lebanon begins with the Phoenic culture around 2500 BCE. After the conquest of Phenicia, it was made a satrap (kingdom) 539 years ago when Prince Kurosh (Sayus) of an empire in the Persian province of southern Iran went on a campaign to conquer the kingdom by defeating the kingdom of Assyria. After this, the Persians ruled it for some 200 years. After independence from France in 1943, there was a civil war and in 2006 a war with Israel. It is ruled by a special type of democratic government in which the President is a Christian, the Prime Minister is a Sunni Muslim, the Speaker of the House of Retired Representatives is a Shia Muslim and the Deputy Prime Minister is of a Greek traditionalist religion.
Lebanon is divided into four distinct physical regions, the coastal plain, the Lebanese mountain range, the Becca Valley and the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, etc. Lebanon has a moderate Mediterranean climate. In coastal areas, winters are generally cold and rainy while summers are hot and humid. In high altitude areas, heavy snow cover during winter usually brings the temperature down to early summers on high mountains. Although much of Lebanon receives relatively large amounts of rainfall, when measured yearly compared to its arid environment, some of northeastern Lebanon's rain shadow formed by the high peaks of the western-eastern ranges Areas receive less rainfall.
The Lebanese constitution states that the economic system is independent and ensures private initiative and the right to private property. The Lebanese economy follows a laissez-faire model. Most of the economy has been converted into dollars, and the country has no restrictions on the movement of capital across its borders. The intervention of the Lebanese government in foreign trade is minimal. The Lebanese economy underwent a significant expansion after the 2006 war, with an average growth of 9.1% between 2007 and 2010. After 2011 the local economy was affected by the Syrian civil war, the period in 2017 increased by an average of 1.7% in 2011–2015 and 1.5% in 2017. In 2018, GDP size was estimated to be $ 54.1 billion.
Article 11 of the Lebanese constitution states that "Arabic is the official national language. A law prescribes those matters. The majority of Lebanese people speak Lebanese Arabic, which is classified into a larger category called Levantine Arabic, while Modern standard Arabic is used mostly in magazines, newspapers and formal broadcast media. The Lebanese sign language is the language of the Deaf community. About 40% of Lebanese are considered Francophones, and another 15% are "partial Francophones", and Lebanon. 70% of the people of secondary schools of India use French as a second language of education.
Lebanon, officially called the Republic of Lebanon, is located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea in western Asia.
Lebanon borders Israel to the south and Syria to the north and east.
The name of the country of Lebanon is more than 4000 years old, which got its name from Mount Lebanon mountain range.
Lebanon gained independence from France on 22 November 1943.
The total area of Lebanon is 10,452 sq km. (4,036 square miles).
The official language of Lebanon is Arabic and the recognized language is French.
The Lebanese currency is named Lebanese Pound.
According to the World Bank, the total population of Lebanon in 2016 was 60.1 million.
In Lebanon, the religion of most people is Islam which belongs to both Sunni and Shia communities.
Lebanon has a equatorial climate with average temperatures of 13 ° C in winter and 25 ° C in summer.
The highest peak in Lebanon is Qurnat as Sawda, which has a height of 3,088 meters.
The Litani River is the largest in Lebanon, with a length of 140 km.
The national animal of Lebanon is the striped hyena.
22 march 1945 - Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan, andYemen founded the Arab League, a regional organization that facilitates political, economic, cultural, scientific and social programs designedto promote the interests of the Arab world.
17 June 1950 - Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Saudi Arabia signed security pacts.
14 march 1978 - Israeli–Lebanese conflict-The Israel Defense Forces beganOperation Litani, invading and occupying southern Lebanon, and pushingPLO troops north up to the Litani River.
23 march 1978 - The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon was dispatched toconfirm Israeli withdrawal after its invasion nine days earlier.
13 june 1978 - Israel Defence Forces withdrew from Lebanon. The South Lebanon conflict was an invasion of Lebanon up to the Litani River, carried out by the Israel Defense Forces in 1978 in response to the Coastal Road massacre. The conflict resulted in the deaths of 1,100–2,000 Lebanese and Palestinians, 20 Israelis, the internal displacement of 100,000 to 250,000 people in Lebanon, and the PLO forces retreating north of the Litani River.
03 june 1982 - An assassination attempt on Shlomo Argov, the Israeliambassador to the United Kingdom, failed; this was later used asjustification for the 1982 Lebanon War.
06 june 1982 - The Lebanon war begun. Israeli armed forces invaded southern Lebanon. This event occurred during Operation Peace for the Galilee. This was done in response to the attacks and casualties caused due to attack by Palestinian liberation organization which was operating in southern Lebanon.